1900 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 245

  • May 28 Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
  • May 28 Total solar eclipse occurs
  • May 28 In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work
  • May 28 Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
  • May 29 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
  • May 31 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • May 31 Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • May 31 US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
  • Jun 1 British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
  • Jun 5 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • Jun 6 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • Jun 6 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • Jun 7 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • Jun 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG)
  • Jun 9 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
  • Jun 10 In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking.
  • Jun 11 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
  • Jun 12 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • Jun 13 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.
  • Jun 14 Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
  • Jun 14 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • Jun 14 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • Jun 16 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • Jun 18 Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 19 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 20 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • Jun 21 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • Jun 22 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • Jun 23 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • Jun 23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • Jun 24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • Jun 25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • Jun 26 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • Jun 26 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • Jun 26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • Jun 29 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • Jun 30 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • Jul 2 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 3 Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • Jul 4 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • Jul 7 Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • Jul 9 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
  • Jul 12 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • Jul 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • Jul 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • Jul 30 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Aug 4 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • Aug 5 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • Aug 7 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • Aug 14 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • Aug 15 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • Aug 15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • Aug 20 Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling.
  • Aug 23 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
  • Aug 27 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha
  • Aug 29 Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment; he will commit suicide in jail on 22 May 1901
  • Aug 30 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • Aug 31 British troops over run Johannesburg
  • Sep 1 Cumann na nGaedheal (Irish Council) founded by Arthur Griffith in order to promote a buy Irish campaign
  • Sep 2 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
  • Sep 2 A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule
  • Sep 3 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • Sep 3 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • Sep 5 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
  • Sep 6 British General Buller occupies Lydenburg, South Africa
  • Sep 8 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
  • Sep 10 20.3 cm rainfall at Elk Point, South Dakota (state record)
  • Sep 11 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique
  • Sep 13 Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.
  • Sep 14 There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels.
  • Sep 15 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa
  • Sep 17 Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
  • Sep 17 Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • Sep 17 USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
  • Sep 27 Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 3 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • Oct 4 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG)
  • Oct 4 In a final confrontation, some 4000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Oct 6 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • Oct 7 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • Oct 9 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • Oct 10 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • Oct 10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

  • Oct 16 Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • Oct 16 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 200

  • Jun 29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
  • Jul 3 John Mason Brown, critic (Tonight on Broadway), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Jul 5 Bernardus J Cardinal Alfrink, cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands
  • Jul 7 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
  • Jul 12 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • Jul 13 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], Ivanovo, Russia, writer and lawyer (Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German sculptor (3rd Reich sculptor
  • Jul 19 Charles Barnet "Roscoe" Harvey, soldier
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist/writer
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald, 1st wife of F Scott
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, Budapest Hungary, direct (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl)
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Sweden, novelist (Return to Ithaca-Nobel 1974)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll)
  • Aug 3 Arnoldus J N M Struycken, Dutch lawyer
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, England, correspondent during WW II
  • Aug 3 John T Scopes, Tennessee teacher convicted for teaching evolution
  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 4 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 7 Taylor Caldwell, novelist
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (d. 1964)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 18 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 20 Edward J "Murt" O'Donoghue, snooker player, 1st witnessed 147 break
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (d. 1964)
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building/Centre Pompidou)
  • Aug 30 Franklin C Fry, US minister (Lutheran World Relief)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1943)
  • Sep 1 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
  • Sep 3 Urho K Kekkonen, premier/president Finland (1956-81)
  • Sep 4 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder
  • Sep 6 Julien Green, US/French writer (Frere Francois)
  • Sep 6 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
  • Sep 7 "Janet" Taylor Caldwell, English novelist (Melissa)
  • Sep 8 Claude D Pepper, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- ), old people's advocate
  • Sep 9 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • Sep 11 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman (d. 1999)
  • Sep 14 Sidney Marion, MA, entertainer
  • Sep 15 Larry Kent, CA, director (High Stakes)
  • Sep 17 John Willard Marriott, American hotelier (d. 1985)
  • Sep 20 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazil general/pres (1964-67)
  • Sep 22 William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • Sep 24 Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1955)
  • Sep 29 Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Sep 30 Otto Roesch, paleontologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d.1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Thomas Wolfe
  • Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, a leading Nazi and head of the Gestapo
  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Alan Jellicoe, landscape architect
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • Oct 22 Edward R Stettinius, US, foreign minister (1944-45)/diplomat
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, teacher of Salvonic languages
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abbud, general/premier Sudan (1958-64)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • Nov 3 Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)
  • Nov 4 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • Nov 5 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 8 Margaret Mitchell, author (Gone With the Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1949)

  • Nov 8 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Küssnacht, Swiss Botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology
  • Nov 11 Hugh Scott, (Sen-R-Penn), minority whip
  • Nov 14 Clara Fasano, sculptor
  • Nov 18 Constantin Alajalov, Russia, artist (Ditters & Jitters)
  • Nov 18 Howard Thurman, theologian/author (Deep River, Deep in the Hunger)
  • Nov 18 George Kistiakowsky, Kiev, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons
  • Nov 19 Anna Seghers, [Netty Radvanyi-Reiling], German author (7th Cross)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian scientist (d. 1980)
  • Nov 20 Chester Gould, cartoonist (Dick Tracy)
  • Nov 22 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (d. 1980)
  • Nov 25 Helen Gahagan Douglas, Nixon's 1st opponent/(Rep-D-Ca)
  • Nov 25 Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1947)
  • Nov 30 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • Dec 3 Lester Matthews, Nottingham England, (Sir Dennis-Adv of Fu Manchu)
  • Dec 3 Richard Kuhn, Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)
  • Dec 3 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)
  • Dec 8 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer (d. 1977)
  • Dec 15 Francesco Messina, sculptor
  • Dec 16 Victor S Pritchett, literary critic/author (Myth Makers)
  • Dec 17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (d. 1998)
  • Dec 20 Gabby Harnett, (NL MVP 1935)
  • Dec 21 Oda Schaefer, German author/poet (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only)
  • Dec 21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • Dec 23 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • Dec 24 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. 1991)

Weddings in History

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Deaths in History

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