1903 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • Jan 1 In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Topsy the elephant is electrocuted by her owners at Luna Park, Coney Island and filmed by Edison Manufacturing movie company

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 5 SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • Jan 6 Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam
  • Jan 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blanched Soldier" (BG)
  • Jan 9 Wind Cave National Park, SD established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jan 18 The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
  • Jan 19 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England
  • Jan 21 "Wizard of Oz" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 21 Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam
  • Jan 21 International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
  • Jan 22 The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • Jan 29 Dutch railroad workers strike
  • Feb 3 Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
  • Feb 11 US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign
  • Feb 14 US Department of Commerce & Labor forms
  • Feb 15 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
  • Feb 16 -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
  • Feb 18 Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
  • Feb 20 Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
  • Feb 21 Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 22 Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
  • Feb 23 The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • Feb 23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Mar 3 North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
  • Mar 5 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up
  • Mar 10 Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • Mar 13 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy of over 500,000 square miles
  • Mar 14 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL
  • Mar 14 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • Mar 18 Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders
  • Mar 22 Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
  • Mar 22 US Anthracite Coal Commission, set up by President Theodore Roosevelt, submits its recommendations for shorter hours, a 10-per cent wage increase, and an 'open shop'
  • Mar 23 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
  • Mar 25 Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, is founded.
  • Mar 26 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • Mar 31 Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (NZ)
  • Apr 6 General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
  • Apr 6 The Kishinev pogrom in Bessarabia begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • Apr 6 In Holland, railroad and dock workers go out on strike, but the government passes anti-strike bills, calls out troops, and promptly ends the strike on the 13th April
  • Apr 14 Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
  • Apr 22 American Power Boat Association forms
  • Apr 27 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
  • Apr 27 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
  • Apr 29 Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kill 9 (Frank, Alberta)
  • May 1 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the sighing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904
  • May 14 President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco
  • May 16 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at SF (George Wymann)
  • May 20 Britain's House of Commons begins a debate on the charges of poor administration and ill treatment of natives in Belgium's colony in the Congo Free State
  • May 22 Launch of the White Star Liner SS Ionic.
  • May 23 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
  • May 23 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • May 26 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Three Gables" (BG)
  • May 27 Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
  • May 29 May coup d'etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
  • Jun 2 Netherlands Korfball League forms
  • Jun 6 President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • Jun 10 In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, a military coup d'etat- led by the Queen's brother-in-law and other offices - kills King Alexander I of Serbia, Queen Draga, and many officers
  • Jun 12 Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
  • Jun 15 The Serbian Assembly meets and elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 16 Pepsi Cola company forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jun 18 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in SF; arrives NY 3-mo later
  • Jun 21 Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Mazarine Stone" takes place (BG)
  • Jun 24 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • Jun 29 British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
  • Jul 2 AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
  • Jul 4 Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, Pres TR sends message
  • Jul 6 George Wyman arrives in NYC by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
  • Jul 17 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • Jul 20 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • Jul 25 Castle on top of Telegraph Hil, San Francisco closes
  • Jul 26 1st automobile trip across the United States (SF-NY) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker
  • Aug 2 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • Aug 4 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • Aug 8 In 11th an old black ball is put into play against Cleve, Tigers' Nap Lajoie protests ignored, he hurls ball out of park & forfeits game
  • Aug 12 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • Aug 16 Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
  • Aug 17 Joe Pulitzer donates $1 million to Columbia University & begins the Pulitzer Prizes in America
  • Aug 23 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
  • Aug 29 The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese
  • Aug 31 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • Sep 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Creeping Man" (BG)
  • Sep 9 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel in Switzerland inaugurated
  • Sep 11 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • Sep 14 NY Giant Red Ames no-hits St Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game
  • Sep 15 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
  • Sep 17 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • Sep 19 King Leopold II denies Belgian cruelty in Congo
  • Sep 21 First cowboy film "Kit Carson" premieres in US
  • Sep 22 Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
  • Sep 24 Alfred Deakin succeeds Edmund Barton as Australia premier
  • Sep 27 Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
  • Sep 30 New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • Oct 5 Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.
  • Oct 6 The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 202

  • Jan 2 Anton van Duinkerken, [Willem JMA Asselbergs], literary
  • Jan 3 Charles Foulkes, Canada, general
  • Jan 5 Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post (d. 1957)
  • Jan 7 Albrecht Haushofer, writer
  • Jan 9 Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)
  • Jan 11 Alan Paton, South Africa, writer (Cry, the Beloved Country)
  • Jan 12 Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist - helped develop 1st Soviet nuclear weapon
  • Jan 15 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Jan 19 Alfred Lane Beit, connoisseur
  • Jan 20 Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian
  • Jan 22 Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • Jan 23 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)
  • Jan 24 Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)
  • Jan 27 John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist
  • Jan 27 Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)
  • Jan 28 Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, crystallographer (1st woman in Royal Society)
  • Jan 29 Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist
  • Jan 30 G Evelyn Hutchinson, British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology)
  • Jan 31 Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)
  • Feb 1 Georg Rendl, Austria miner/beekeeper/writer (The Bees Novel)
  • Feb 3 Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor
  • Feb 4 Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician
  • Feb 4 Frank Howley, Hampton NY, Brigadier General (Answers for Americans)
  • Feb 5 Nathaniel Owings, architect (Oak Ridge, TN; Sears), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Feb 6 Pieter G Buckinx, Flemish writer (Temptation of Poverty)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 8 Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's founding father, 1st Prime Minister of Malaya (1957-63) and Malaysia (1963-70), born in Alor Star, Kedah (d. 1990)

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Feb 10 Waldemar Hoven, German physician (d. 1948)
  • Feb 12 Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)
  • Feb 13 Georges Simenon, Belgium, mystery writer (Snow Was Black)
  • Feb 16 George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
  • Feb 17 Johannes Linthorst Homan, director of the queen in Groningen
  • Feb 18 Nikolaj V Podgorny, pres USSR (1965-77)
  • Feb 19 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Blind Person Owl), (d. 1951)
  • Feb 19 Kay Boyle, St. Paul, Minnesota, American novelist (Plagued by Nightingales)
  • Feb 20 Ella Maillart, explorer
  • Feb 21 Raymond Queneau, [M Presle], French author (Un Enfant a Dit)
  • Feb 21 Fairfax M. Cone, American advertising executive (d. 1977)
  • Feb 21 Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
  • Feb 22 Morley Callaghan, Canada, author (Toronto Star, Native Argosy)
  • Feb 22 Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
  • Feb 23 Grigori V Aleksandrov, Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)
  • Feb 26 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • Mar 3 Gilbert Adrian, [Greenberg], Naugatuck CT, costume designer
  • Mar 3 Rabbe A Enckell, Fins author/poet (Lutad about Brunnen)
  • Mar 4 William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • Mar 4 John Scarne, American magician (d. 1985)
  • Mar 6 Empress Kōjun of Japan (d. 2000)
  • Mar 11 Dorothy Schiff, publisher (NY Post)
  • Mar 11 Ronald Syme, New Zealand classicist and historian (d. 1989)
  • Mar 14 Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iran, Kurd leader (KDP)
  • Mar 14 Adolph Gottlieb American painter (d. 1974)
  • Mar 16 Mike Mansfield, (Sen-D-Mont) majority whip
  • Mar 19 Benjamin M Telders, president of Dutch Liberal States Party
  • Mar 19 James Bullock, colliery manager
  • Mar 22 James S Russell, US pilot/admiral (WW II Pacific Ocean)
  • Mar 22 Jochen Klepper, writer
  • Mar 24 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • Mar 24 Malcolm Muggeridge, English writer (Observer of Life)
  • Mar 25 Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
  • Mar 30 Sol C Siegel, US, producer (High Society, Gentlemen prefer blondes)
  • Mar 30 Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (d. 1984)
  • Apr 2 Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (d. 1987)
  • Apr 3 Peter Huchel, German poet, born near Berlin (d. 1981)
  • Apr 6 Harold Edgerton, foremost high-speed photographer
  • Apr 9 Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Nov 9]
  • Apr 9 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist
  • Apr 10 Clare Boothe Luce, US ambassador (to Vatican)
  • Apr 12 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist/UN advisor (Nobel 1969)
  • Apr 15 Erich Arendt, writer [or Apr 16]
  • Apr 19 Eliot Ness, US Federal agent "The Untouchables" (put away Al Capone), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1957)
  • Apr 20 Dagmar Edqvist, Swedish author (Kamrathustru-Wife & Comrade)
  • Apr 21 Hans Hedtoft, premier Denmark (1947..55)
  • Apr 23 Guy Simonds, youngest general officer in the Canadian army (d 1974)
  • Apr 24 Jose A Primo de Rivera y Saenz de Heredia, founder (Spanish Falange)
  • Apr 24 Siegfried F Nadel, Austrian/British anthropologist (Black Byzantium)
  • Apr 25 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)
  • Apr 26 Geoffrey Worthington, Air vice-marshall
  • Apr 27 Frank Belknap Long, American writer (Rim of the Unknown)
  • Apr 27 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2 Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician (Common Sense Book of Baby Care), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1998)

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock
  • May 5 James Beard, US, culinary expert/author (Delights & Prejudices)
  • May 6 Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
  • May 7 Basil Nield, judge/politician
  • May 9 Walter Dehmel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1960)
  • May 10 Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (d. 1994)
  • May 13 Alfred Pugsley, civil engineer
  • May 15 Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)
  • May 17 Douglas Packard, British Lt General
  • May 21 Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier (1953..7)
  • May 21 Manly Wade Wellman, Angola, sci-fi author (After Dark, Devil's Planet)
  • May 21 Pedro Aramburu, president Argentina
  • May 22 Yves Rocard, French physicist (d. 1992)
  • May 26 Estes Kefauver, (Sen-D-Tn)
  • May 28 Gaston Duribreux, Flemish writer (Golden Sail)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 29 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], British born American entertainer, born in London, England (d. 2003)

Entertainer Bob Hope
Bob Hope
  • May 30 Countee Cullen, Balt Md, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ & Other Poems)
  • May 30 Ray Howard-Jones, artist
  • Jun 1 Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (d. 1973)
  • Jun 8 Gerrit C Berkouwer, Dutch theologist (Dogmatic Studies)
  • Jun 8 Ralph Webster Yarborough, politician

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6 Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein (23) weds Mileva Maric

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 14 Psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (27) weds Emma Rauschenbach (20)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Carl Jung

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 28 Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst (40) weds Millicent Veronica Willson (21) in New York City

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
  • Jan 4 Geo[rge J H] Poggenbeek, Dutch surrealist painter, dies at 49
  • Jan 4 Gulstan Ropert, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1839)
  • Jan 4 Topsy the elephant (b. circa 1875)
  • Jan 17 Ignaz Wechselmann, Hungarian architect and philanthropist (b. 1828)
  • Jan 21 Hermanus J A M Schaepman, Dutch clergyman/politician, dies at 58
  • Feb 1 George G Stokes, British physicist/pres Royal Society, dies at 83
  • Feb 12 Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
  • Feb 22 Frederick William Farrar, writer/dean (Canterbury 1895-1903), dies
  • Feb 26 Richard J Gatling, US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
  • Feb 28 Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet, dies at 88
  • Mar 4 Joseph H Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant), dies at 68
  • Mar 5 George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)
  • Mar 13 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, dies at 88
  • Mar 14 Johannes H Weissenbruch, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88
  • Mar 16 Roy Bean, American jurist
  • Apr 11 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint, dies at 25
  • Apr 29 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)
  • Apr 30 Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)
  • May 4 Goce Delchev, a revolutionary from the Balkans - leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (b. 1872)
  • May 8 Eugene-Henri-Paul Gauguin, French painter (Tahiti), dies
  • May 29 Bruce Price, American architect (b. 1845)
  • Jun 10 Alexander I, King of Serbia are assassinated
  • Jun 10 Dragia, Queen of Serbia, assassinated
  • Jun 10 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician (grafostatica), dies
  • Jun 11 Draga Masin, wife of Serbian king Aleksandar I, murdered at 35
  • Jun 11 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
  • Jun 22 George White, African American resident of Delaware, lynched
  • Jul 9 Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist (b. 1842)
  • Jul 17 James A McNeill Whistler, US/British writer (Bride Tomorrow), dies at 69
  • Jul 20 Leo XIII, [Vincenzo G Pecci], Pope (1878-1903), dies at 93
  • Jul 22 Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)
  • Jul 30 Servas Daems, [Peeter Klein], Flem writer (Wheelbarrows), dies at 65

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, dies at 51

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Calamity Jane
  • Aug 2 Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian (b. 1850)
  • Aug 11 Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator and nationalist (b. 1839)
  • Aug 22 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), dies at 73
  • Aug 23 Paul J C Gabriel, Dutch water colors painter/etcher, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 28 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), dies at 81

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • Aug 30 Vincente F Lopez, historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87
  • Sep 1 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neo criticism), dies
  • Sep 3 Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)
  • Sep 6 Charles Ammi Cutter, US bibliographer, dies at 66
  • Oct 4 Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
  • Oct 7 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
  • Oct 23 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, theologian (Scientific Theism), dies at 66
  • Nov 1 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Nobel 1902), dies at 85
  • Nov 13 Wilhelm von Polenz, German author (Country of Zukunft), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 13 Camille Pissarro, French Impressionist painter (b. 1830)


Nov 20 Tom Horn, American gunfighter and outlaw, hanged to death at 42

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • Dec 8 Herbert Spencer, British engineer/philosopher, dies at 83
  • Dec 14 William Ennis, 1st cop to die in electric chair
  • Dec 28 George [Robert] Gissing, English novelist, dies at 46