1905 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 162

  • Jan 1 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • Jan 2 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • Jan 2 The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
  • Jan 5 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • Jan 5 National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • Jan 17 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
  • Jan 18 French government of Combes falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jan 22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
  • Jan 26 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea
  • Jan 26 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
  • Jan 27 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • Jan 31 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • Jan 31 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
  • Feb 1 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • Feb 7 Dominican Rep signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
  • Feb 8 Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people
  • Feb 11 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • Feb 11 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • Feb 13 -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
  • Feb 13 -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
  • Feb 13 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • Feb 15 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
  • Feb 16 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
  • Feb 17 Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • Feb 18 Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben" premieres in Munich
  • Feb 23 First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago
  • Feb 24 Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed
  • Feb 25 The Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingenwas, a Dutch social-democratic trade union, forms
  • Mar 3 US Forest Service forms
  • Mar 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Mar 10 Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • Mar 12 The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
  • Mar 24 A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers
  • Mar 25 Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South
  • Mar 28 Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Apr 1 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • Apr 1 SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
  • Apr 2 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • Apr 4 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
  • Apr 5 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • Apr 6 Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco
  • Apr 12 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
  • Apr 12 Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)
  • Apr 17 US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional
  • Apr 17 The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
  • Apr 21 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • Apr 22 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • Apr 25 Whites win right to vote in South Africa
  • Apr 27 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • Apr 29 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX
  • Apr 29 Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • May 5 Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
  • May 8 In Russia, the Union of Unions organizes under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • May 15 Las Vegas Nevada founded
  • May 15 Pierre de Brazza reaches Leopoldville
  • May 22 Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
  • May 26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • May 27 Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
  • May 29 Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania
  • May 31 Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
  • Jun 1 Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
  • Jun 6 French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
  • Jun 7 Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814)
  • Jun 8 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services
  • Jun 10 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Me
  • Jun 11 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • Jun 25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • Jun 27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • Jun 30 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • Jun 30 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • Jun 30 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 3 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • Jul 6 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
  • Jul 7 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)
  • Jul 8 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • Jul 8 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Rumanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • Jul 10 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • Jul 11 Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement
  • Jul 12 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • Jul 24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jul 29 US Secretary of State William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jul 30 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • Jul 31 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • Aug 5 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York
  • Aug 6 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
  • Aug 12 King Leopold II opens Antwerp Central Station
  • Aug 14 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • Aug 15 Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
  • Aug 16 Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • Aug 17 Dutch government of De Master begins
  • Aug 19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • Aug 20 Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 207

  • Jan 1 Charles Melvin Price, East St. Louis, Illinois, a longtime member of the US House of Representatives
  • Jan 1 Stanisław Mazur, Lemberg, Western Ukraine, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • Jan 2 Lev Schnirelmann, Gomel, Russian Empire, mathematician (d. 1938)
  • Jan 3 Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer
  • Jan 6 Eric Frank Russell, UK, sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space, Dark Tides)
  • Jan 7 Francis Taylor, builder
  • Jan 8 Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher
  • Jan 11 John Henry Jacques, Northumberland, England, co-operative retailer
  • Jan 11 Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • Jan 12 James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (d. 1997)
  • Jan 14 Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1995)
  • Jan 17 Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Bonanno, Italian-born gangster (d. 2002)
  • Jan 19 Anne Schumacher Hummert, Baltimore US, leading creator of daytime radio serials during the 1930s and 1940s
  • Jan 19 Oveta Culp Hobby, government official/newspaper publisher/CEO (Houston Post)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 21 Christian Dior, Normandy France, fashion designer (New Look)

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • Jan 21 Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)
  • Jan 23 Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges)
  • Jan 26 John Carmel Heenan, Essex, cardinal archbp of Westminster (1963-75)
  • Jan 26 Marquess of Bath, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 27 Luther Diamond, radio personality
  • Jan 28 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera)
  • Jan 29 Barnett Newmann, New York, US painter, (postpainterly abstraction)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30 Emilio G. Segrè, Tivoli, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • Jan 31 Anna Blaman, [Johanna P Vrugt], Dutch writer (Wife & Friend)
  • Jan 31 John O'Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)
  • Feb 1 Ernst Carl Gerlach Stueckelberg, Basel Switzerland, eminent mathematician and physicist
  • Feb 2 Ayn Rand, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, writer and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead)
  • Feb 2 Jean-Pierre Guerlain, French cosmetics pioneer
  • Feb 3 Arne Beurling, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • Feb 6 Władysław Gomułka, Polish communist leader (d. 1982)
  • Feb 7 Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (L'Humanité, La Conspiration)
  • Feb 7 Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist famous for his work on neurotransmitters (Nobel 1970), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1983)
  • Feb 10 Max Schubert, a pioneering Australian winemaker
  • Feb 11 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Dutch/Indonesian writer (Camp diary)
  • Feb 16 Lord Franks, British ambassador (to US)
  • Feb 20 Jascha Golowanjuk, Swedish writer (Acrobat)
  • Feb 24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • Feb 27 Charles de Keukeleire, Belgian director (Evil Eye)
  • Feb 28 Glyn Jones, Wales, novelist, poet and literary historian
  • Mar 1 Pol le Roy, Flemish author/novelist/writer (Stroom)
  • Mar 5 Gilroy Roberts, US chief engraver (1948-64)
  • Mar 7 Vera Fjodorova Panova, Russian author (Sputniki)
  • Mar 9 Félix L V L J Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes)
  • Mar 9 Grigori Kozintsev, Kiev Ukraine, director (Hamlet, King Lear)
  • Mar 9 Peter C Quennell, English biographer/critic (Byron in Italy)
  • Mar 9 Rex Warner, English poet/writer (Wild Goose Chase)
  • Mar 14 Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist
  • Mar 15 Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, attempted to assassinate Hitler
  • Mar 18 Mollie Parnis, fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 18 Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
  • Mar 19 Albert Speer, German architect/minister of Armament (NSDAP)
  • Mar 21 Phyllis McGinley, US, poet (Pulitzer 1961, Love Letters)
  • Mar 22 Grigorij M Kosinzev, Russian director
  • Mar 22 Phyllis McGinley, poet
  • Mar 22 Ruth Page, US choreographer/ballet leader (Diaghilev, Pygmalion)
  • Mar 23 Paul Grimault, animator
  • Mar 23 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • Mar 24 Andre Christiaens, Flemish writer (Unfindable Country)
  • Mar 24 Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
  • Mar 26 Viktor Emil Frankl, pyschiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning)
  • Mar 27 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)
  • Mar 27 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, one of South Africa’s most distinguished nutritional scientists and medical educators
  • Mar 30 Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)
  • Apr 1 Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
  • Apr 1 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Edmond Jouhaud, general
  • Apr 2 Kurt Adler, therapist/writer
  • Apr 3 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
  • Apr 8 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)
  • Apr 8 Helen B M Fennell Joseph, anti-apartheid writer (Side by Side)
  • Apr 8 Pierre Wigny, Belgian minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61) [or 4/18]
  • Apr 9 J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)
  • Apr 10 Jan H van Roijen, diplomat/Netherland foreign minister
  • Apr 11 József Attila, Hungarian poet (d. 1937)
  • Apr 14 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer/CEO (Philips)
  • Apr 14 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)
  • Apr 16 John Lee-Barber, admiral
  • Apr 18 George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • Apr 19 John S "Jimmy" Thach, US pilot/admiral (WW II)
  • Apr 21 Edmund G "Pat" Brown, (Gov-D-California)
  • Apr 21 Pat Brown, American politician (d. 1996)
  • Apr 22 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • Apr 24 Robert Penn Warren, 1st US poet laureate (All the King's Men)
  • Apr 25 Hugh Willatt, solicitor/public servant
  • Apr 25 Walter Hassan, engineer
  • Apr 26 Charles K Feldman, [Gould], producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 27 Julian Stryjkowski, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 John Peters Humphrey, Canadian jurist and human rights advocate (Universal Declaration on Human Rights), born in Hampton, New Brunswick (d. 1995)

  • May 1 Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet PM (1980-85)
  • May 1 Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (d. 1982)
  • May 3 Albrecht Luitpold G Ferdinand Michael Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria
  • May 5 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National/Black Front
  • May 5 Robert Houben, Belgian CVP-minister of Public health (1958)
  • May 6 [Bernard] Toots Shor, raconteur/restauranteur (Toots Shor)
  • May 10 Angus Paton, civil engineer
  • May 11 Marjorie Sykes, peace campaigner
  • May 14 Jean Daniélou, French cardinal (d. 1974)
  • May 16 H[erbert] E[rnest] Bates, novelist (Feast for July, Love for Lydia)
  • May 20 Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Sailing)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 26 General officer John J. Pershing (44) weds Helen Frances

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 11 Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 16 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (30) weds Beatrice O'Brien

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 17 Eleanor Roosevelt (20) marries Franklin D. Roosevelt (23) later 32nd US President in New York, & given away by her uncle, 26th President Theodore Roosevelt

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 15 Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Gustav, Crown Prince of Sweden.

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 4 30th US President Calvin Coolidge (33) weds Grace Anna Goodhue (26) in Burlington, Vermont

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Warsaw, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • Jan 13 George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
  • Jan 14 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • Jan 19 Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • Feb 1 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77
  • Feb 4 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (b. 1841)
  • Feb 12 Marcel Schwob, French writer/journalist (Coeur double), dies
  • Feb 13 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • Feb 15 Lewis Wallace, US diplomat/writer (Ben Hur), dies at 77
  • Feb 17 Serge Alexandrovich, gov-gen Moscow, murdered
  • Feb 18 Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International), dies at 75
  • Feb 20 Jeremiah W. Farnham, American merchant captain
  • Feb 28 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist, dies at 85
  • Mar 6 John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)
  • Mar 12 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • Mar 15 Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch liberal/founder (Social Weekly), dies at 60
  • Mar 15 B Amalie Skram-Alver, Norwegian author (Paa St Jorgen), dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 24 Jules Verne, French writer "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • Apr 4 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter/sculptor, dies at 73
  • Apr 23 Gédéon Ouimet, Quebec politician (b. 1823)
  • Apr 25 Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
  • Apr 28 Fitzhugh Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1835)
  • May 23 Martinus W van AA Meerbeke, head-editor (Time), dies at 75
  • May 26 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, dies
  • Jun 13 Theodoros Delyannis, premier Greece, murdered
  • Jun 13 Tippo-Tip, [Hamed ben Mohammed], Zanzibar merchant, dies at about 67
  • Jun 15 Hermann von Wissmann, German African expl/gov East-Africa, dies
  • Jun 16 Hermann von Wissmann, German explorer/governor of E Africa, dies at 51
  • Jun 22 Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • Jun 30 John Hay, US politician, dies
  • Jul 4 Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
  • Jul 5 Carel V Gerritsen, free thinker, dies
  • Jul 23 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76
  • Aug 10 Kinjikitile "Bokero" Ngwale, E African prophet/rebel leader, hanged
  • Aug 14 Mohammed Abdoe, Egyptian writing expert (Al'Oerwah al-Woethka), dies
  • Aug 14 Simeon Solomon, British artist (b. 1840)
  • Aug 21 Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80
  • Sep 4 Pierre de Braza, founder (French Congo), dies
  • Sep 13 René Goblet, French politician (b. 1828)
  • Sep 14 Pietro/Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, 1st French Congo gov (1890-98), die
  • Sep 18 George MacDonald, sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80
  • Sep 19 Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • Sep 21 Rudolf Baumbach, writer of German student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • Sep 25 Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (b. 1853)
  • Oct 2 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuban/French sonnet poet, dies at 62
  • Oct 6 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer, dies
  • Nov 2 Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (b. 1817)
  • Nov 8 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
  • Nov 17 Adolf WAKF, duke of Nassau/grand duke of Luxembourg, dies at 88
  • Nov 17 Philip EFMCBLG, earl of Flanders, dies
  • Nov 17 Adolphe of Luxembourg, (b. 1817)