1906 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 173

  • Jan 1 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • Jan 1 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Willis Carrier recieves a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Willis Carrier
  • Jan 4 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
  • Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 8 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • Jan 10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • Jan 12 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • Jan 12 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass
  • Jan 12 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included amongst its members H.H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.
  • Jan 13 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
  • Jan 16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 22 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
  • Jan 25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • Jan 27 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • Jan 29 Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km
  • Jan 31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • Feb 1 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • Feb 1 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • Feb 2 Pope encyclical against separation of church & state
  • Feb 8 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near the naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; there is confusion because no deceleration of war was given
  • Feb 9 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • Feb 10 British battleship HMS Dreadnought launched after only 100 days, renders all other capital ships obsolete with revolutionary design
  • Feb 10 State of siege proclaimed in Zululand
  • Feb 15 British Labour Party founded
  • Feb 18 Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'été à La Montagne" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 19 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company which is now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's
  • Feb 22 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in LA Calif
  • Feb 24 Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
  • Feb 27 France & Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
  • Mar 3 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
  • Mar 6 Heavy storm bursts dike, flooding Vlissingen, Netherlands
  • Mar 6 Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Mar 7 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • Mar 10 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine"
  • Mar 10 Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • Mar 10 Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.
  • Mar 12 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
  • Mar 15 Britons Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd
  • Mar 17 The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
  • Mar 19 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London

  • Mar 24 "Census of the British Empire" shows Britain rules 1/5 of the world
  • Mar 27 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 31 GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
  • Apr 2 South Africa complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • Apr 5 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • Apr 7 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • Apr 7 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • Apr 13 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Apr 15 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • Apr 18 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

Apr 18 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

  • Apr 18 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
  • Apr 19 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • Apr 19 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • Apr 22 New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls
  • Apr 26 1st motion pictures shown in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat

  • May 3 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • May 6 "Temporary" permit to erect overhead wires on Market Street, San Francisco
  • May 6 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • May 10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • May 10 Italian King Victor Emmanuel & Swiss president Ludwig Forrer open Simplon tunnel
  • May 13 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
  • May 17 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic
  • May 19 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • May 19 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
  • May 21 Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars
  • May 21 The US and Mexico sign an agreement over distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande, increasingly diverted to the US for irrigation
  • May 22 Wright Brothers patent an aeroplane
  • May 22 A British garrison leaves Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: these were the last British soldiers stationed in Canada
  • May 26 Archaeological Institute of America forms
  • May 26 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London.
  • May 31 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • Jun 3 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • Jun 5 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • Jun 6 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz).
  • Jun 7 Famous Cunard passenger liner Lusitania launches
  • Jun 9 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3
  • Jun 14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • Jun 22 Haakon VII crowned king of Norway
  • Jun 29 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • Jun 30 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

  • Jul 2 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • Jul 4 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • Jul 11 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
  • Jul 12 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
  • Jul 15 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
  • Jul 17 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with George Clemenceau
  • Jul 20 Bkln Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0
  • Jul 23 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
  • Jul 28 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
  • Aug 1 Brooklyn Dodger Harry McIntire no-hits Pitts for 10 2/3 loses in 13th
  • Aug 10 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • Aug 13 Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • Aug 15 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 254

  • Jan 3 Roman Brandstaetter, writer
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho
  • Jan 6 Benedict Vilakazi, South Africa, poet/educator (Zulu-English Dictionary)
  • Jan 6 Jaap Wagemaker, [Adrian B], Dutch sculptor
  • Jan 8 Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
  • Jan 11 Albert Hofmann, Switzerland, chemist (discovered LSD)
  • Jan 11 Robert Nesbitt, impresario
  • Jan 12 Daniil Kharms, Russian playwright (d. 1942)
  • Jan 15 Aristotle Onassis, Greece, rich shipping magnate
  • Jan 16 Clement Greenberg, art critic
  • Jan 18 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours)
  • Jan 21 Fred Fehl, Austrian/US Broadway photographer
  • Jan 21 John Putz, British journalist (Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 22 Robert E[rvin] Howard, US, sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror)
  • Jan 22 Willa B Brown (Coffey), US African American air pioneer (NAAA)
  • Jan 24 Norman Cook, museum curator
  • Jan 28 Harry van Kruiningen, [Henri A Janssen], painter/graphic artist
  • Jan 31 R W Bonham, founder (International Braille Chess Association)
  • Feb 4 Clyde William Tombaugh, US, astronomer (discovered Pluto)
  • Feb 4 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist (Confessing Church)
  • Feb 7 Henry P'u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo
  • Feb 7 Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • Feb 8 Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopy)
  • Feb 8 Henry Roth, American writer (Call it Sleep), born in Tysmenitz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Feb 9 André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)
  • Feb 10 Henry Phelps Brown, historian/economist
  • Feb 10 Walraven (Wally) van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis
  • Feb 11 Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal
  • Feb 13 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • Feb 15 Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
  • Feb 16 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • Feb 17 Galo Plaza Lasso, President of Ecuador (1948-52), head of OAS (1968-75)
  • Feb 18 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician (d. 1980)
  • Feb 24 Alexis Curvers, Belgian author (Tempo di Roma, Bourg-le-Rond)
  • Feb 25 Domingo Ortega, Spanish bullfighter
  • Feb 25 Howard Zahniser, Father of Wilderness Act
  • Feb 26 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, born in Athens (d. 1994)
  • Feb 27 H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 28 Bugsy Siegel, gangster created casinos in Las Vegas

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Bugsy Siegel
  • Mar 3 Artur Lundkvist, Swedish writer/Swedish Academy (Agadir)
  • Mar 3 Krishnarao Shiva Shelvankar, journalist/diplomat
  • Mar 4 Meindert DeJong American author (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • Mar 16 Francisco Ayala, writer
  • Mar 17 Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], actress (Gloria, Gold), born in Berlin, Germany
  • Mar 18 Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
  • Mar 19 Adolf Eichmann, Ruhr Germany, Nazi Gestapo officer
  • Mar 20 Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC's 1st Jewish mayor
  • Mar 20 Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
  • Mar 21 John D. Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil)
  • Mar 21 Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman
  • Mar 24 John Cameron Swayze, news correspondent/spokesman (Timex) [OS]
  • Mar 25 Alan J P Taylor, British historian (English history 1914-1915)
  • Mar 25 Howard Pyle, (Gov-R-Az, 1951-55)
  • Mar 26 Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • Apr 3 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College)
  • Apr 5 Arthur Guy Clutton-Brock, English agronomist
  • Apr 5 Lord Buckley, American monologist (d. 1960)
  • Apr 8 Charles J B Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer (Mirror of the Sea)
  • Apr 9 Todd Naylor "Hugh" Gaitskell, MP (Labour)
  • Apr 10 Kathleen Major, principal (St Hilda's College, England)
  • Apr 11 Dale Messick, American cartoonist (d. 2005)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Apr 14 Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Riyadh (d. 1975)
  • Apr 15 Susan Walker, vice CEO (WRVS)
  • Apr 16 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist
  • Apr 16 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 17 M Rooi, editor-in-chief (New Rotterdam Daily)
  • Apr 17 Sidney R. Garfield, American physician (d. 1984)
  • Apr 18 Clara Eggink, [Ebbele], Dutch poetess (Life with JC Bloem)
  • Apr 18 Edgar Unsworth, Justice of Appeals (Gibralter)
  • Apr 21 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • Apr 22 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
  • Apr 23 Maria Arnoldo, [Adrianus Broeders], photographer/writer
  • Apr 24 William Joyce, Irish fascist (d. 1946)
  • Apr 25 Sally Salminen, writer
  • Apr 25 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • Apr 26 Gracie Allen, Mrs George Burns, comedienne (George Burns Show)
  • Apr 27 Mark Alexander Abrams, market researcher
  • Apr 27 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (d. 1966)
  • Apr 28 Bartholomeus J "Bart" Bok, Dutch/US astronomer (Milky Way)
  • Apr 28 Pierre [Louis] Boileau, novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France
  • Apr 28 Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (d. 1978)
  • May 1 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (d. 1983)
  • May 2 Philippe Halsman, American photographer (d. 1979)
  • May 6 Andre Weil, [Bourbaki], French/US mathematician
  • May 6 Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (d. 2005)
  • May 8 Roberto Rossellini, director (Open City), born in Rome, Italy
  • May 9 Eleanor Estes, author (Ginger Pye, Moffats)
  • May 12 William M Ewing, US geologist/geophysicist
  • May 13 Thomas Mitchell, architect/engineer
  • May 14 Hastings Kamuzu Banda, president of Malawi (1964-94)
  • May 16 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuela, writer/minister (Lanzas Coloradas)
  • May 16 Nicholas Beriozoff, ballet master
  • May 16 Alfred Pellan, French Canadian painter (d. 1988)
  • May 16 Margret Rey, author and illustrator (d. 1996)
  • May 17 Eric Mensforth, president (Westland Aircraft)
  • May 20 Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
  • May 22 Harry Ritz, US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 17 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 28 Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin (27) weds Ekaterina Svanidze (21) at St. David's Church in Tiflis

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Sir Hugh Nelson, Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, English Archaeologist who excavated Jericho (the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement that has been inhabited for the last 11,000 years), dies at 72
  • Jan 13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • Jan 16 Marshall Field, founder of Marshall Field and Company (b. 1834)
  • Jan 18 Bartolomé Mitre, President of Argentina (1862-70), dies at 84
  • Jan 25 Joseph Wheeler II, Confederate General, dies at 70
  • Jan 25 Pierre L Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Malines/Cardinal, dies at 78
  • Jan 29 Christaan IX, King of Denmark (1893-1906), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 9 Paul Laurence Dunbar, African American dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio

  • Feb 10 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician (b. 1827)
  • Feb 13 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter (b. 1866)
  • Feb 18 Willem Doorenbos, literary/critic, dies at 85
  • Feb 18 John Batterson Stetson, American manufacturer (b. 1830)
  • Feb 23 Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
  • Feb 27 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71
  • Mar 1 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)
  • Mar 4 John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
  • Mar 10 Eugen Richter, German MP (Liberal), dies at 67

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 13 Susan B. Anthony, American reformer suffragette leader, dies at 85

  • Mar 15 Alfred Gilpin Jones, lt-gov of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
  • Mar 17 Carlos Calvo, Argentina diplomat (Calvo Clause), dies at 82
  • Mar 29 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
  • Mar 30 Betsy Perk, [Christina E], journalist/writer/feminist, dies at 73
  • Apr 6 Alexander L Kielland, Norwegian writer (Working People), dies at 57
  • Apr 8 Auguste D, First recorded Alzheimer's victim (b. 1950)
  • Apr 11 Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon, Rus-orthodox clergyman/tsarist agent, dies
  • Apr 11 James A Bailey, circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58
  • Apr 11 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (b. 1839)
  • Apr 18 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1846)
  • Apr 19 Pierre Curie, French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies
  • Apr 20 Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26
  • May 14 Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • May 23 Henrik Johan Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (Doll House), dies at 78
  • May 31 Hermann Schell, German theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • May 31 King Alfonso XIII, assassinated in Madrid
  • May 31 Victoria von Battenberg, assassinated in Madrid
  • Jun 5 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • Jun 7 Johan P Van de Kellen, stamp cutter/lithographer, dies at 74
  • Jun 10 Richard John Seddon, longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand, 61
  • Jun 11 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • Jun 17 Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player, dies
  • Jun 17 William Dale, international legal consultant, dies
  • Jun 20 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • Jun 22 Fritz Schaudinn, German animal scholar: examined amoebasis, dies at 34
  • Jun 25 Stanford White, Architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit
  • Jun 26 Alexander Muir, poet (Maple Leaf Forever), dies at 76
  • Jul 19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic (b. 1849)
  • Aug 24 Alfred Stevens, Belgian painter, dies
  • Aug 30 Hans Auer, Swiss architect (b. 1847)
  • Sep 5 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (b. 1844)
  • Sep 19 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • Sep 20 Robert R. Hitt, American politician (b. 1834)
  • Sep 21 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)
  • Sep 23 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist/mayor of Antwerp, dies
  • Oct 5 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, dies at 58
  • Oct 7 Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • Oct 9 Joseph F Glidden, inventor (barbed wire), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 22 Paul Cézanne, French Post-Impressionist painter (b. 1839)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • Nov 4 John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • Nov 9 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor of Ukkel, dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Hendrik J Schimmel, author/dramatist, dies
  • Nov 22 Earnest Josephson, Swedish painter, dies
  • Dec 7 Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
  • Dec 14 John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer, dies at 78