1908 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 150

  • Jan 1 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
  • Jan 1 Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28)
  • Jan 2 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • Jan 7 England beat Australia by one wicket at the MCG
  • Jan 9 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • Jan 9 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established
  • Jan 12 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • Jan 13 French pilot Henry Farman is first European to fly 1km circuit
  • Jan 14 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v Eng Adelaide (116)
  • Jan 15 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Aust
  • Jan 15 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority: first Greek-letter organization established by African American college women
  • Jan 16 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • Jan 18 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres
  • Jan 21 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • Jan 21 NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
  • Jan 23 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
  • Jan 24 Gen Baden-Powell starts Boy Scouts
  • Jan 27 Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
  • Jan 29 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • Feb 1 King Carlos I of Portugal and his hier, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathisers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
  • Feb 3 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Feb 3 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • Feb 11 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • Feb 12 Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
  • Feb 18 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
  • Feb 18 The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'
  • Feb 24 In 'Muller v Oregon', the US Supreme Court favors an Oregon law limiting maximum hours a woman may work and denies that it curtails 'liberty of contract'
  • Feb 25 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens
  • Feb 27 Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
  • Feb 27 Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma
  • Feb 28 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • Feb 29 Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • Mar 4 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)
  • Mar 5 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council & announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • Mar 8 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • Mar 9 Inter Milan is founded.
  • Mar 12 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
  • Mar 15 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"
  • Mar 23 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • Mar 25 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
  • Apr 5 British premier Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns
  • Apr 8 Lord Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British premier
  • Apr 12 Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts
  • Apr 16 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • Apr 21 Frederick A Cook claims to reach North Pole (He didn't)
  • Apr 23 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • Apr 24 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m
  • May 1 World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
  • May 2 1908 "Take me out to the Ball Game" registered for copyright.
  • May 5 Great White Fleet arrives in SF
  • May 7 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • May 9 Dirk Fock becomes governor of Suriname
  • May 10 1st Mother's Day observed (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 George Bernard Shaw's "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • May 12 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B Stubblefield
  • May 14 1st passenger flight in an airplane
  • May 21 Bill Burns pitching for Washington Senators has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • May 23 Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed
  • May 23 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington
  • May 24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • May 24 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • May 26 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • May 27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • May 30 1st federal workmen's compensation law approved
  • May 30 Aldrich Vineland Currency Act forerunner to Federal Reserve System
  • May 30 Paris advocate E Archdeacon is 1st passenger in a airplane
  • May 30 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah authorized
  • May 31 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
  • Jun 1 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • Jun 10 1st flying club, Aeronautical Society of NY, opens
  • Jun 10 The Australian Parliament passes the Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act providing for pensions for British subjects (excluding aborigines) at age 65
  • Jun 12 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • Jun 14 Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing the building of another four major warships.
  • Jun 15 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 18 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • Jun 23 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • Jun 23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • Jun 30 Tunguska Event: a giant fireball most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet impacts in Siberia
  • Jul 5 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
  • Jul 6 Robert Peary's expedition sails from NYC for north pole
  • Jul 7 Great White Fleet leaves SF Bay

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 7 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jul 8 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • Jul 9 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • Jul 10 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • Jul 24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • Jul 25 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • Jul 26 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
  • Jul 29 St Louis Browns Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Philadelphia Athletics
  • Jul 30 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris
  • Aug 3 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France. Known as the 'Old man of La Chappelle' his skeleton shows that Neanderthals led physically stressful lives with high risk of injury.
  • Aug 7 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington
  • Aug 11 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy

CommunicationModel T

Aug 12 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

  • Aug 13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • Aug 14 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • Aug 16 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 251

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 9 Simone de Beauvoir, France, author (Mandarins, 2nd Sex)

  • Jan 12 Ben Seijes, Dutch historian (WW II)
  • Jan 12 Clement Hurd, American illustrator (d. 1988)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 15 Edward Teller, Budapest Hungary, fathered H-bomb (Manhattan Project), (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Edward Teller
  • Jan 16 Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
  • Jan 17 Akkineni LV Lakshmi Varaprasada Rao Prasad, producer
  • Jan 18 Albert P Morano, (Rep-R-Conn, 1951-59)
  • Jan 18 Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1972)
  • Jan 19 Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • Jan 23 Hubert Nicholson, poet/novelist
  • Jan 23 Pak Saleman Siswowitono, Javan/Surinamese writer
  • Jan 25 Lord Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph/Autocar)
  • Jan 27 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (Hearst Newspapers) and 1955 Pulitzer Prize winner, (d. 1993)
  • Jan 29 Adam Clayton Powell, (Rep-D-NY, 1945-70)
  • Feb 1 Albie Booth, collegiate Hall of Fame football star (Yale)
  • Feb 1 George Pal, Hungarian/US director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)
  • Feb 5 Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)
  • Feb 6 Amintore Fanfani, premier of Italy
  • Feb 6 Thomas Dorrington Tomlinson, national Park Warden
  • Feb 8 Leslie Kenneth O'Brien, Lord O'Brien of Lothbury, missionary
  • Feb 11 Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
  • Feb 11 Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)
  • Feb 12 Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
  • Feb 12 Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
  • Feb 15 Sidney Gilliat, producer
  • Feb 15 Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
  • Feb 15 Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
  • Feb 20 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1)
  • Feb 20 Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix
  • Feb 22 Romulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (1945-48, 1958-64)
  • Feb 23 William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
  • Feb 25 Frank G Slaughter, author (Sangaree)
  • Feb 26 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
  • Feb 26 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • Feb 28 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (d. 2005)
  • Feb 29 Balthus, painter (Valerie)
  • Mar 2 Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist
  • Mar 2 Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)
  • Mar 2 Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)
  • Mar 4 Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [NS=Mar 17]
  • Mar 5 Irving Fiske, American writer, playwright, (d. 1990)
  • Mar 7 Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st chamber member (CPN)
  • Mar 10 Carl Albert, US speaker of house (1971-77)
  • Mar 12 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
  • Mar 12 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 13 Walter Annenberg, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Mar 14 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher
  • Mar 14 Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)
  • Mar 17 Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [OS=Mar 4]
  • Mar 22 Albrecht Goes, German writer and theologian, born in Langenbeutingen (d. 2000)
  • Mar 22 Louis D L'Amour, Jamestown ND, author (Hondo, Jubal Sackett)
  • Mar 22 Maurice H Stans, Shakope Minn, Secretary of Commerce (1969-72)
  • Mar 23 Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate
  • Mar 25 Bridget D'Oyly Carte, British theater & hotel director
  • Mar 26 Betty MacDonald, [Anne E Campbell Bard], US writer (Egg & I)
  • Mar 26 Kenneth Mellanby, entomologist
  • Mar 26 Robert William Paine, architect
  • Mar 27 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book)
  • Apr 1 Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
  • Apr 4 Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, author (Cheaper by the Dozen)
  • Apr 5 Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (d. 1986)
  • Apr 7 Le Duan, Vietnamese politician
  • Apr 8 Neil Lawson, British high court judge
  • Apr 9 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian/French painter/author (Op Art)
  • Apr 10 Aidan Crawley, CEO (London Weekend TV)
  • Apr 11 Masura Ibuka, industrialist
  • Apr 12 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia
  • Apr 12 John T Hughes, Bishop to Forces
  • Apr 12 Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)
  • Apr 18 Edward Roberts, bishop (Ely)
  • Apr 18 Henry Guinness, missionary
  • Apr 20 Wilhelmus M Bekkers, bishop of Hertogenbosch
  • Apr 23 Herbert Telley, British actuary
  • Apr 23 Myron Waldman, American animator (d. 2006)
  • Apr 28 Arnoud Breeveld, Suriname bishop
  • Apr 29 Jack [Stewart] Williamson, US, sci-fi author (Cometeers)
  • Apr 30 Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (d. 1970)
  • May 1 Giovanni Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone)
  • May 5 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, born in Châlons-sur-Marne (d. 2002)
  • May 5 Kurt Böhme, German bass (d. 1989)
  • May 9 Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (d. 2007)
  • May 10 Carl Albert, (D) speaker of the House
  • May 10 Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP
  • May 13 Michael Richardson, commandant (Home for Disabled Sailors)
  • May 16 Hilary Preston, editor
  • May 16 Mohammed Roem, Indonesian foreign minister (Linggadjati)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 23 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1991)

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • May 23 Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
  • May 24 Michael Roberts, historian
  • May 25 Theodore Roethke, US, poet (Words for the Wind)
  • May 26 Nguyen Ngoc Tho, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
  • May 27 Alex Brown, snooker player
  • May 27 Melle J Oldeboerrigter, [Melle], Dutch painter/cartoonist
  • May 30 Mel[vin J] Blanc, voice (Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd & Porky Pig)
  • Jun 1 Percy Edwards, animal imitator
  • Jun 4 Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal, Hitler's reputed lover and half (d. 1931)
  • Jun 4 Walther Vanbeselaere, Flemish art historian, born in Zevekote, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • Jun 4 Earl of Halsbury, chancellor (Brunei University)
  • Jun 5 Jack Jacob, senior master (British Supreme Court)
  • Jun 9 J F Williams-Wynne, Lord-Lieutenant (Gwynedd)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

May 19 Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent (26) weds Jeanne Renault

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 9 Poet Joyce Kilmer (21) weds author Aline Murray (19)

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 2 Naval officer Robert Scott (40) weds sculptress Kathleen Bruce (30) at the Chapel Royal in London, England

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 12 Politician Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 25 Vaudeville performer Will Rogers (29) weds Betty Blake

Humorist Will Rogers
Will Rogers

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Antony Winkler Prins, writer (Groiller Encyclopaedia), dies at 70
  • Jan 9 Abraham Goldfaden, US Yiddish stage performer (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • Jan 9 Wilhelm Busch, writer, dies
  • Jan 14 Holger Drachmann, writer, dies
  • Jan 17 Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane, dies at 72
  • Jan 25 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • Jan 25 Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
  • Feb 1 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by Republican sympathisers at 44
  • Feb 10 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist, Nationalist and a founder of Egyptian National Party, dies at 33
  • Feb 23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • Feb 29 Pat Garrett, U.S. gunslinger
  • Feb 29 John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, first Governor-General of Australia (as Lord Hopetoun)
  • Mar 11 Revd Benjamin Waugh, American activist (b. 1839)
  • Mar 12 Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
  • Mar 25 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (b. 1851)
  • Mar 28 John Eliot, English meteorologist, dies at 68
  • Apr 11 Henry Bird, English Chess player and author (b. 1829)
  • Apr 22 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British premier (1905-08), dies
  • May 23 Francois Coppee, French poet, dies
  • May 26 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indies theologist (Ahmadiyya motion), dies at 69
  • May 31 Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (b. 1839)
  • Jun 2 Redvers H Buller, English general, dies at 68
  • Jun 9 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os meus amores), dies at 46
  • Jun 11 Georg Adler, German statehouse head, dies at 45
  • Jun 14 Frederick Arthur Stanley, Governor general of Canada (b. 1841)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 24 Grover Cleveland, 22nd & 24th US President (1885-89, 93-97), dies at 71

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Jul 3 Joel Chandler Harris, created Uncle Remus, dies at 59
  • Jul 5 Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (b. 1833)
  • Jul 10 Eliza Laurillard, vicar/poet/writer, dies at 78
  • Jul 10 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (b. 1839)
  • Jul 22 William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • Jul 24 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet (b. the same day 1867)
  • Aug 8 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, architect (Wiener Sezession), dies at 40
  • Aug 11 Khudiram Bose, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 25 Henri Becquerel [Antoine ], French physicist, dies at 55

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • Aug 26 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (b. 1837)
  • Sep 3 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, gov-gen (Dutch East-Indies), dies
  • Sep 17 Thomas E Selfridge, earlier US aviator, 1st to die in an air crash
  • Sep 29 Joaquim M Machado de Assis, Brazil writer (Dom Casmurro), dies at 69
  • Nov 4 Tomés Estrada Palma, 1st president Cuba (1902-06), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American train and bank robber, shot by Bolivian soldiers at 42

  • Nov 8 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, dies at 60
  • Nov 12 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), dies at 60
  • Nov 14 Kwang-siu, emperor of China, dies
  • Nov 15 Cixi [the old Buddha], empress-widow of China, dies
  • Nov 15 Tz'u-hsi (Cixi), empress of China, dies at 73
  • Nov 16 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-born Canadian politician (b. 1829)
  • Nov 20 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (b. 1868)
  • Nov 27 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (b. 1827)
  • Dec 22 Marie Jungius, Dutch teacher/fairy tale writer, dies at 44
  • Dec 30 Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian lawyer, journalist and senator (b. 1844)