1909 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • Jan 1 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • Jan 1 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income
  • Jan 2 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • Jan 5 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Jan 14 Coöp. Far. Central Management forms
  • Jan 16 British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • Jan 19 Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 22 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • Jan 23 1st radio rescue at sea
  • Jan 25 Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • Jan 27 The Young Left is founded in Norway.
  • Jan 28 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • Feb 1 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens
  • Feb 1 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • Feb 2 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
  • Feb 8 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
  • Feb 9 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)
  • Feb 9 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio
  • Feb 12 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
  • Feb 12 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)
  • Feb 16 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
  • Feb 16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • Feb 20 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
  • Feb 21 John Galsworthy's "Strife" premieres in London
  • Feb 22 Great White Fleet, 1st US fleet to circle the globe, returns to Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • Feb 24 The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
  • Feb 26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • Mar 1 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
  • Mar 2 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Mar 4 US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Griselda" premieres in Vienna

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Mar 10 Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title
  • Mar 12 Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
  • Mar 14 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • Mar 18 Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
  • Mar 18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • Mar 21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • Mar 26 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • Mar 26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • Mar 30 Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens
  • Mar 31 Gustav Mahler conducts NY Philharmonic for his 1st time
  • Mar 31 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • Apr 6 1st credit union forms in US
  • Apr 6 North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson
  • Apr 9 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • Apr 11 Establishment of Tel Aviv by Jewish settlers (named 1910)
  • Apr 12 Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
  • Apr 13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • Apr 14 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • Apr 19 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • Apr 24 Harry Hillman & Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • Apr 27 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • May 1 Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
  • May 7 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • May 10 Winchester's Fred Toney no-hits Lexington for 17 inning
  • May 13 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
  • May 17 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • May 22 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
  • May 24 Bristol University granted Royal Charter
  • May 29 Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run
  • May 30 National Conference on the Negro is held
  • May 30 Reuben Siegel laid cornerstone of 1st home in Tel-Aviv
  • May 31 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)
  • Jun 1 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • Jun 2 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • Jun 7 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
  • Jun 9 Alice Huyler Ramsey, 22-year-old housewife from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the 1st woman to drive across the US, in a Maxwell 30, drives 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days
  • Jun 12 "Shine On, Harvest Moon" by Ada Jones & Billy Murray hits #1
  • Jun 16 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000
  • Jun 18 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women
  • Jun 20 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • Jun 23 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • Jun 25 George Sargent wins US Open golf tournament
  • Jun 26 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • Jun 27 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • Jun 28 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • Jul 12 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)
  • Jul 14 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
  • Jul 16 Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
  • Jul 25 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • Jul 30 Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
  • Aug 1 British SS Waratah disappears on Sydney to London, 300 killed
  • Aug 2 1st Lincoln head pennies minted
  • Aug 2 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers
  • Aug 6 Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip.
  • Aug 7 US issues 1st Lincoln penny
  • Aug 10 Algemeene Netherland Toonkunstenars Ver (ANTV) begins
  • Aug 11 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • Aug 11 Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • Aug 18 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
  • Aug 24 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • Aug 26 Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn & 31 in a single day
  • Aug 27 Jack Chesbro's final Highlander game
  • Aug 29 AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
  • Aug 29 World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 253

  • Jan 1 Barry Goldwater, (Sen-R-Az, 1953-65, 69- )/Presidential candidate (R) 1964)
  • Jan 1 Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)
  • Jan 2 Rene Etiemble, French literature historian (Parlez-vous Franglais)
  • Jan 5 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, bibliophile
  • Jan 5 Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions)
  • Jan 6 Johannes H Moesman, Dutch surrealist painter (Rumor)
  • Jan 6 Keith Davis, voice tutor/author
  • Jan 8 Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
  • Jan 10 Grace Mitchell, educator
  • Jan 13 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
  • Jan 14 Joseph Walton Losey, Wisconsin, director (Damned, Accident)
  • Jan 15 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)
  • Jan 22 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)
  • Jan 22 U Thant, Burma, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Myanmar
  • Jan 22 Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
  • Jan 29 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 1997)
  • Jan 30 Saul David Alinsky, radical writer (John L Lewis), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 31 Foley Newns, British colonial administrator
  • Jan 31 Miron Grindea, literary editor
  • Feb 1 Douglas Hall, Governor (Somaliland Protectorate)
  • Feb 3 M Vasalis [Margaretha Droogleever Fortuyn-Leenmans], poet (Phoenix)
  • Feb 3 Simone Weil, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II), born in Paris, France
  • Feb 4 Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
  • Feb 7 Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
  • Feb 9 Dean Rusk, US Secretary of State (1961-69)
  • Feb 9 John Eustace Theodore Brancker, lawyer/parliamentarian
  • Feb 10 George Douglass Milne, British peer, soldier and artist, born at Lichfield (d. 2005)
  • Feb 11 Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)
  • Feb 14 A Moses Klein, poet (Hath Not a Jew...), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Feb 15 Harold Beeley, British diplomat
  • Feb 15 Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
  • Feb 16 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
  • Feb 18 Wallace Stegner, novelist/critic (Pulitzer-1971-Angle of Repose)
  • Feb 21 Hans Erni, Switz, painter/sculptor
  • Feb 21 Helen O Dickens, [Henderson], US physician/gynaecologist
  • Feb 22 Roderick Barclay, diplomat
  • Feb 24 August William Derleth, Sauk City Wisc, writer (Judge Peck Mysteries)
  • Feb 24 Max Black, Dutch/British/US philosopher (analytical philosophy)
  • Feb 24 Michael Francis Morris Lindsay, orientalist
  • Feb 25 Edgar Pangborn, US, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy)
  • Feb 25 John Evan "Jasper" Weston Mather, writer
  • Feb 25 Geoffrey Dummer, electronics engineer, first to build integrated circuit / microchip, born in Hull England (d. 2002)
  • Feb 26 Phyllis Fanny Primrose-Pechey Cradock, TV Chef
  • Feb 26 King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  • Feb 28 Stephen Harold Spender, England, poet/critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness)
  • Mar 1 Robert Selby Taylor, bishop
  • Mar 2 Jan Fabricius, Dutch playwright
  • Mar 3 Jay Morris Arena, inventor/pediatrician
  • Mar 3 Kenton Kilmer, poet/translator
  • Mar 4 Harry B Helmsley, American billionaire builder (Empire State Building), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 5 Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47)
  • Mar 6 Obafemi Awolowo, Nigeria, President of Nigeria (1979-83)
  • Mar 7 Greta Schoon, German poet, born in Spetzerfehn (d. 1991)
  • Mar 7 Leo Malet, French crime novelist
  • Mar 8 Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • Mar 9 Derk Bodde, American sinologist (d. 2003)
  • Mar 10 Gerard Croiset, Dutch paragnost
  • Mar 13 Gilbert Inglefield, Mayor of London (1967-68)
  • Mar 14 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (Margin)
  • Mar 17 Patrick Reilly, Ootacamund, India, British diplomat
  • Mar 18 Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
  • Mar 22 Gabrielle Roy, French-Canadian novelist (Tin Flute)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 24 Clyde Barrow, American bank robber (of Bonnie & Clyde fame), born in Ellis County, Texas (d. 1934)

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • Mar 27 Golo Mann, [Gottfried], German/US historian (Antisemitism)
  • Mar 28 Nelson Algren, US, novelist (Man with the Golden Arm)
  • Mar 29 Yvonne Waegemans, Flemish writer (Gnome Patjoepelke)
  • Mar 31 Pieter Jongeling, Dutch MP (GVP)/editor (Neth Daily)
  • Mar 31 Robert Brasillach, French author/nazi collaborator
  • Apr 6 William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)
  • Apr 7 Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978)
  • Apr 8 George Dixon, trumpet/sax
  • Apr 8 William James Millar Mackenzie, political scientist
  • Apr 9 Domenico Enrici, Apostolic Nuncio
  • Apr 13 Eudora Welty, Jackson Ms, novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973)
  • Apr 13 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, willife conservationist
  • Apr 13 Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)
  • Apr 16 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian
  • Apr 17 Alain Emile Louis Marie Poher, politician
  • Apr 17 Humphrey Sims Moore, pacifist/journalist
  • Apr 20 Guido Alberti, literary patron/businessman
  • Apr 20 Richard Stubbs, publicity adviser
  • Apr 21 Rollo May, US, psychologist, Love & Will)
  • Apr 22 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • Apr 22 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • Apr 23 Thomas Padmore, senior civil servant
  • Apr 24 Bernhard Grzimek, zoologist (West Germany)
  • Apr 24 Irven Spence, animator
  • Apr 27 Muriel C Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place)
  • Apr 29 Daniel Raphael Mayer, journalist and resistance leader
  • Apr 30 Juliana, Queen of Netherlands (1948-80)
  • Apr 30 F. E. McWilliam, Irish sculptor (d. 1992)
  • May 1 Ethel Jane Cain, original UK Speaking Clock voice
  • May 1 Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, born in Monemvasia (d. 1990)
  • May 4 Jeroom Verten [Jozef F Vermetten], Flemish playwright
  • May 5 Miklos Radnoti, writer
  • May 6 Loyd Sigmon, American amateur ("ham") radio broadcastor (d. 2004)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 7 Edwin Land, American inventor of instant photography and co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation, born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1991)

Scientist and Inventor Edwin Land
Scientist and Inventor
Edwin Land
  • May 10 Harold Francis Collison, trade Unionist
  • May 10 Lord Collison, British union leader (agriculture workers)
  • May 11 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne (d. 1993)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 15 Mien Wenneker, Dutch prince Henry's lover, weds Uncle Cornelis Abbo
  • Oct 2 American Playwright Eugene O'Neill (20) marries 1st wife Kathleen Jenkins

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
  • Jan 14 Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60
  • Jan 15 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • Jan 15 Arnold Janssen missionary (b. 1837)
  • Jan 17 Sir Francis Smith, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1819
  • Jan 22 Richard A C E Erlenmeyer, German chemist, dies at 83
  • Feb 2 Adolf Stoecker, German anti-semite/prime minister, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 17 Geronimo [one who yawns], Apache chief, dies at 79

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader
Geronimo
  • Mar 12 Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)
  • Mar 16 George Thorndike Angell, lawyer (ASPCA), dies at 85
  • Mar 24 John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist/playwright/poet, dies at 37
  • Apr 9 Charles Conder, artist, dies
  • Apr 10 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet, dies at 72
  • Apr 13 Whitley Stokes, British lawyer (b. 1830)
  • May 5 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • May 8 Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat, dies
  • May 10 Johannes de Koo, journalist/playwright, dies
  • May 18 George Meredith, English poet/writer (Diana of Crossways), dies at 81
  • Jun 10 Edward Everett Hale, American author (b. 1822)
  • Jun 22 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65
  • Jun 24 Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)
  • Jul 8 Gaston AA marquis de Gallifet, Fren min of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
  • Jul 9 Kasimir Felix Badeni, Premier of Polish/Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • Jul 11 Simon Newcomb, celestial mechanics authority (Stars), dies at 74
  • Jul 22 D v Liliencron, writer, dies at 65
  • Jul 23 Ernest F Cambier, Bel colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • Aug 15 Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian writer and sociologist (b. 1866)
  • Aug 19 Rembt THPLA of Boneval Faure, lawyer/1st-Member of parliament, dies
  • Aug 29 Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist, dies
  • Sep 7 Eugene Lefebvre, dies test piloting a Wright A aircraft
  • Sep 9 Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
  • Oct 13 Francisco Ferrer, Spanish anarchist, executed
  • Oct 16 Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer (b. 1856)
  • Oct 18 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (La rivolta ideal), dies
  • Oct 19 Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist/criminologist, dies
  • Oct 26 Itō Horiboemi, Japanese samurai, statesman and four time Prime Minister of Japan, assassinated by a Korean nationalist aged 68
  • Nov 2 Theodor W Ahlwardt, German orientalist, dies at 81
  • Nov 10 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (b. 1863)
  • Nov 13 Aeneas Mackay, Dutch Internal minister (ARP)/Colonization, dies at 70
  • Nov 18 Renee Vivien, British-born poet, wrote in French, dies at 32
  • Nov 30 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet/translator, dies at 53 [NS=Dec 13]
  • Dec 4 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter/graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60
  • Dec 10 Red Cloud, Sioux indian chief, dies
  • Dec 11 Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • Dec 13 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • Dec 14 Leopold II, king of Belgium, dies
  • Dec 24 Nicolaas G Pierson, director Suriname/Dutch Bank, dies at 80
  • Dec 26 Frederic Remington, American artist (b. 1861)