1911 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 187

  • Jan 1 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • Jan 1 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
  • Jan 3 US postal savings bank inaugurated
  • Jan 3 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • Jan 3 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • Jan 5 Portuguese expel Jesuits
  • Jan 5 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • Jan 7 1st airplane bombing experiments with explosives, SF
  • Jan 7 Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam
  • Jan 10 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego
  • Jan 10 Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • Jan 12 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jan 13 South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
  • Jan 14 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf
  • Jan 16 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
  • Jan 17 Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly
  • Jan 17 Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • Jan 26 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego
  • Jan 28 Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo
  • Jan 30 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • Jan 30 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
  • Jan 31 Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • Feb 6 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona
  • Feb 6 Great fire destroys downtown Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)
  • Feb 8 US helps overthrow Presnt Miguel Devila of Honduras
  • Feb 17 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
  • Feb 18 The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
  • Feb 21 Gustav Mahler conducts his last concerto (Berceuse élégique)
  • Feb 22 The Canadian Parliament resolves to maintain union with the British Empire, while controlling domestic fiscal affairs
  • Feb 24 Japan and the US conclude a treaty that continues restrictions on Japanese laborers
  • Mar 3 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri
  • Mar 4 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
  • Mar 7 US sent 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • Mar 7 Willis Farnsworth, Petaluma, CA, patents coin-operated locker
  • Mar 8 International Women's Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women's Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.
  • Mar 13 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • Mar 18 North Dakota enacts a hail insurance law
  • Mar 20 Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 25 L D Swamikannu publishes "Manual of Indian Chronology" in Bombay
  • Mar 25 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls
  • Mar 30 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed
  • Apr 3 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 5 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • Apr 5 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • Apr 12 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • Apr 13 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames
  • Apr 13 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • Apr 15 Jack Lawrence Theater (Playhouse) opens at 137 W 48th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • Apr 27 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 Indian passive resistance is suspended when Gen. J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Apr 30 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • May 2 French troops occupy Fès El Bali Morocco
  • May 9 Fire breaks out at Empire Theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • May 11 The United States becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • May 12 American economic expert W Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • May 12 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • May 13 NY Giant Fred Merkle is 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • May 15 British House of Commons accept Parliament Bill
  • May 15 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Indiana University, incorporates
  • May 15 Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)
  • May 15 The Georgios Averof cruiser is bought by Greece.
  • May 16 Remains of a neanderthal man found on Jersey, Channel Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Zeppelin "Deutscheland" wrecked at Dusseldorf

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • May 18 Pres/dictator Jose Porfirio Diaz of Mexico term ends
  • May 20 Edwin Boaler Alletson hits 189 in 90 mins Notts v Sussex
  • May 21 French troop enter Fez in Morocco to quell anti-European agitation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Taft

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • May 25 Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
  • May 26 Germany passes legislation organizing Alsace and Lorraine as an autonomous state with a legislature
  • May 31 RMS Titanic launched in Belfast
  • Jun 1 1st US group insurance policy written, Passaic, NJ
  • Jun 1 1st Inter-Empire Championships close in London
  • Jun 3 "Come Josephine in My Flying Machine" hits #1
  • Jun 6 Nicaragua signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • Jun 8 Belgium government of Schollaert falls
  • Jun 10 Queen Wilhelmina opens Rembrandt house in Amsterdam
  • Jun 11 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey
  • Jun 11 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution
  • Jun 15 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • Jun 17 Belgium government of De Broqueville forms
  • Jun 20 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 King George V crowned king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea.

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 26 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)
  • Jun 28 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France
  • Jun 29 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • Jun 30 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • Jun 30 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • Jul 1 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • Jul 1 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • Jul 4 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • Jul 4 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
  • Jul 7 Dorothea Lambert Chambers beats Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0 in a record
  • Jul 8 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcont trip by horse
  • Jul 10 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • Jul 13 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • Jul 14 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 253

  • Jan 3 John Sturges, US, director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7)
  • Jan 6 Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70)
  • Jan 9 Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling, British professor of occupational health, born in Kessingland, Suffolk (d. 1997)
  • Jan 9 Stafford WIlliam Somerfield, British newspaper editor
  • Jan 10 Jan Boon, [Tjalie Robinson], Dutch East Indies publicist (Tong Tong)
  • Jan 11 Nora Heysen, Australian artist (d. 2003)
  • Jan 11 Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2004)
  • Jan 13 Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, premier (Queensland)
  • Jan 14 Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer (d. 1998)
  • Jan 15 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • Jan 15 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaretier
  • Jan 16 Gilbert Gadoffre, French scholar
  • Jan 17 Luis W Alvarez, US, physicist (sub atomic, Nobel 1968) [or Jun 13]
  • Jan 21 Stanley William Reed, cineaste
  • Jan 24 C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, US, sci-fi author (Judgment Night)
  • Jan 26 Polykarp Kusch, US, nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955
  • Jan 29 George Burns, British major-general
  • Jan 29 Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)
  • Jan 30 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist
  • Jan 31 A G Ogston, president (Trinity College-Oxford)
  • Jan 31 Christina Foyle, book seller
  • Feb 8 Anne Aitken, [nee Hopkins], co-found (Diamond Sangha), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 8 Elizabeth Bishop, US poet (North & South)/Pulitzer Prize (1956)
  • Feb 8 Henri Knap, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist/writer
  • Feb 9 Eustace Wenworth Roskill, law lord
  • Feb 9 William Darby, American WWII Army officer (d. 1945)
  • Feb 11 Alec Cairncross, chancellor (Glasgow U)
  • Feb 12 Frank Hercules, writer
  • Feb 12 Sylvstre A Guzman Fernandez, president (Dominican Republic)
  • Feb 12 Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
  • Feb 14 Willem J Kolff, Dutch/US internist/inventor (Artificial Kidney)
  • Feb 15 Leonard Woodcock, labor leader (UAW)
  • Feb 16 Hal Porter, Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase)
  • Feb 23 G. Mennen Williams, Michigan Supreme Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Feb 23 Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic
  • Feb 26 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • Feb 26 Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
  • Feb 28 Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Njanji Sunji)
  • Mar 1 Harry Golombek, chess grandmaster
  • Mar 3 Jean Harlow, [Harlean Carpentier], 30s' sex goddess (Dinner at 8), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Mar 3 Hugues Lapointe, Canadian politician and Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 1982)
  • Mar 6 Charles Frank, physicist
  • Mar 8 Elsie Agnes Giorgi, physician/humanitarian
  • Mar 12 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
  • Mar 13 L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard, sci-fi writer/scientologist (Dianetics)
  • Mar 16 Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)
  • Mar 16 Pierre Harmel, Belgian politician
  • Mar 17 Patrick Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale, Scottish Unionist politician
  • Mar 18 Smiley Burnette, Summum Ill, cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction)
  • Mar 19 Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman
  • Mar 20 Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • Mar 23 Denis Wright, diplomat
  • Mar 23 Edward Warner, diplomat
  • Mar 24 Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US OSSer/librarian (Yale curator)
  • Mar 24 Jane Beverly Drew, English modernist architect, born in Croydon (d. 1996)
  • Mar 24 Joseph Barbera, animator (Hanna-Barbera)
  • Mar 25 Willy Anthoons, Flemish sculptor (Mystic verheffing)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 25 Jack Ruby, killer of Lee Harvey Oswald, born in Chicago, Illinois

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • Mar 26 Bernard Katz, biophysicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 Tennessee Williams, American playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), born in Columbus, Mississippi (d. 1983)

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 26 T. Hee, American animator (d. 1988)
  • Mar 28 Myfanwy Piper, librettist
  • Mar 28 J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)
  • Apr 1 Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
  • Apr 3 Michael Woodruff, FRS, surgeon
  • Apr 3 W R Lee, language teacher
  • Apr 4 Max Dupain, Australian photographer (d. 1992)
  • Apr 5 Goddard Lieberson, Hanley Staffordshire England, recording exec
  • Apr 7 Kenneth Oakley, Amersham Buckinghamshire, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax
  • Apr 8 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian
  • Apr 8 Emil Mihai Cioran, writer/aphorist
  • Apr 8 Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961)
  • Apr 9 Lord Deramore, architect
  • Apr 10 Maurice Schumann, French statesman/writer (La Voix du couvre-feu)
  • Apr 12 Darrell A Amyx, US archaeologist (Greek Ceramics)
  • Apr 12 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (d. 1976)
  • Apr 13 Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 1994)
  • Apr 15 Jacob Fresco, Dutch architect (Antilles Brewery/Autonomy Monument)
  • Apr 16 William Stearn, botanist
  • Apr 17 Jean-Pierre Herve Bazin, writer
  • Apr 17 Mikhail Botvinnik, of USSR, world chess champion (1948-63)
  • Apr 18 Francis Frederick Johnson, architect
  • Apr 18 George Huntington Hartford II, heir (A&P), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 20 Kukrit Pramoj, politician
  • Apr 21 Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)
  • Apr 23 Ronald Neame, director (1st Monday in Oct, Poseidon Adventure)
  • Apr 24 Karl O Schiller, German economist (Minister of Economics)
  • Apr 26 Marianne Hoppe, Rostock Germany (Bei Thea, Liebrauen)
  • Apr 27 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Asterix, Tintin)
  • Apr 28 Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (d. 1999)
  • Apr 30 John-Baptist J Walgrave, [Henricus/Humanus], Flemish, theologist
  • Apr 30 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), born in Pitzling, Bavaria (d. 2002)
  • May 5 Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, specialist in tropical medicine
  • May 8 Wilhelm F de Gaay Fortman, Dutch lawyer/foreign minister
  • May 9 Harry Simeone, choral director (Kate Smith Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • May 10 Bel Kaufman, American author, born in Berlin, Germany, (d. 2014)
  • May 11 Edgar Beck, president (John Mowlem)
  • May 11 Roy James Alfred Kaulback, soldier
  • May 11 Mitchell Sharp, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
  • May 14 J Borremans, Belgian politician (communist)/MP

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 5 British PM Neville Chamberlain (41) weds Anne de Vere Cole

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 5 "Anne of Green Gables" author Lucy Maud Montgomery (36) weds Ewen MacDonald in Prince Edward Island, Canada

  • Nov 4 Charles I of Austria marries Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
  • Jan 9 Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • Jan 17 Francis Galton, English scholar, dies at 88
  • Jan 24 David Graham Phillips, American journalist and novelist (b. 1867)
  • Jan 26 Charles Wentworth Dilke, English undersecretary of State, dies at 67
  • Feb 4 Peter A "Piet" Cronje, South Africa Boer general, dies at about 75
  • Feb 5 Petrus A Cronjé, Transvaal Boer general, dies
  • Feb 11 Albert von Rothschild, baron/Austrian banker, dies at 66
  • Feb 15 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • Mar 1 Jacobus H van 't Hoff, Dutch chemist/physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 58
  • Mar 7 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68
  • Mar 13 Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80
  • Mar 13 John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • Mar 24 Matthew Stanley Robison, president (Cardinals), dies
  • Apr 13 George Washington Glick, American politician (b. 1827)
  • Apr 13 John McLane, American politician (b. 1852)
  • Apr 14 Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
  • Apr 15 Georg Knorr, German engineer, dies
  • Apr 25 Emilio Salgari, Italian novelist (b. 1862)
  • May 21 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
  • May 28 Stephanus J du Toit, So Afr theologist/journalist (Afr Bond), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 29 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist (Gilbert & Sullivan), dies at 74

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • Jun 7 Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (b. 1842)
  • Jun 9 Carry Amelia Moore Nation, American temperance leader, dies
  • Jun 11 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (b. 1815)
  • Jul 5 George J Stoney, Irish physicist, dies at 85
  • Aug 1 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
  • Aug 8 William P. Frye, American politician (b. 1830)
  • Aug 9 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, dies following an unsuccessful operation to remove a throat tumor at 56
  • Aug 12 Jozef Israels, painter, dies
  • Aug 12 Petrus H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformist vicar (Levenslicht), dies at 79
  • Sep 11 Louis Henri Boussenard, French novelist (b. 1847)
  • Sep 16 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer (Ascent of Matterhorn), dies
  • Sep 21 Arab Pasha, "al-Misri" [Pasha Ahmad Arab), Egyptian minister, dies
  • Sep 27 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (b. 1844)
  • Sep 28 Louis Pincoffs, businessman/Dutch politician 1st-Chamber, dies
  • Oct 1 Wilhelm Dilthey, Germ philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • Oct 7 John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (b. 1835)
  • Oct 14 John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
  • Oct 29 Joseph Pulitzer, American newspaperman, dies in Charleston, SC
  • Nov 8 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • Nov 9 Howard Pyle, American author (b. 1853)
  • Nov 16 Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)
  • Nov 18 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist, dies
  • Nov 19 Ramon Caceres, President (Dominican Republic), murdered
  • Dec 10 Joseph D Hooker, British botanist, dies at 94