1912 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 176

  • Jan 1 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)
  • Jan 1 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
  • Jan 1 The Republic of China is established.
  • Jan 3 South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
  • Jan 4 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • Jan 4 The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • Jan 5 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • Jan 5 The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • Jan 6 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • Jan 8 Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • Jan 9 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • Jan 10 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • Jan 10 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • Jan 11 Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • Jan 12 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
  • Jan 13 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • Jan 14 Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Captain Robert Scott's expedition arrives at the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jan 23 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • Jan 29 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA
  • Feb 2 Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)
  • Feb 7 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
  • Feb 8 1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla
  • Feb 8 British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
  • Feb 12 China adopts Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 12 Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
  • Feb 14 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct
  • Feb 14 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • Feb 15 Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • Feb 22 J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph
  • Feb 25 Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
  • Feb 26 Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
  • Feb 27 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
  • Mar 1 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • Mar 1 Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
  • Mar 5 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • Mar 5 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Mar 11 Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • Mar 12 Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
  • Mar 12 Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
  • Mar 13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • Mar 14 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt
  • Mar 16 Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 17 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • Mar 22 Agnes Martin, Macklin Canada, Canadian-American abstract painter
  • Mar 27 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 29 Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
  • Mar 30 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • Apr 2 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China
  • Apr 2 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • Apr 4 Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
  • Apr 4 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
  • Apr 6 Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
  • Apr 8 Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • Apr 10 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
  • Apr 11 RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY
  • Apr 11 Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid
  • Apr 11 The British Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist
  • Apr 13 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • Apr 14 RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
  • Apr 15 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on
  • Apr 16 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • Apr 17 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
  • Apr 18 The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
  • Apr 18 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • Apr 27 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • Apr 29 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
  • Apr 29 Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin
  • May 1 Beverly Hills Hotel opens
  • May 4 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • May 5 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • May 7 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer
  • May 13 Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain
  • May 29 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
  • May 29 Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
  • May 30 US Marines sent to Nicaragua
  • May 31 US marines land on Cuba
  • Jun 4 Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
  • Jun 4 Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law
  • Jun 5 US marines invade Cuba (3nd time)
  • Jun 6 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
  • Jun 7 St Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
  • Jun 7 US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
  • Jun 8 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • Jun 13 NY Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 18 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jun 19 Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College
  • Jun 20 NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • Jul 4 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0
  • Jul 6 Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
  • Jul 8 G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
  • Jul 8 Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight
  • Jul 10 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • Jul 12 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
  • Jul 15 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • Jul 16 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • Jul 17 IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 298

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1 Kim Philby, British spy/Soviet mole

  • Jan 1 Victor Reuther, Wheeling WV, labor leader
  • Jan 1 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
  • Jan 2 Renato Guttuso, Italian painter (Flight from Etna, Crucifixion)
  • Jan 3 Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • Jan 3 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • Jan 5 Frank Pace Jr, US Secretary of Army (1950-53)
  • Jan 6 Jacques Cesar Ellul, writer
  • Jan 7 Charles Addams, cartoonist (New Yorker, Addams Family)
  • Jan 9 Ralph Tubbs, architect
  • Jan 10 Maria Mandel, Camp leader at Auschwitz (d. 1948)
  • Jan 11 Roger Lewis, aviation exec (Lockheed, Curtiss Wright, Pan Am)
  • Jan 15 Michel Debré, French politician (d. 1996)
  • Jan 16 Franz Tumler, Austria, author/novelist (Cloak, Aufruf)
  • Jan 18 Charles Moeller, Belgian theologist (Humanism et saintete)
  • Jan 18 William Sansom, English writer (Loving Eye)
  • Jan 19 Francis David Charteris, earl of Wemyss & March/Scottish landowner
  • Jan 19 Jean G H "Sjeng" Tans, Dutch soc dem chairman (1965-69)
  • Jan 19 Leonid V Kantorovich, St Petersburg Russia, economist (Nobel)
  • Jan 21 Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • Jan 25 Lucius E Burch Jr, US lawyer/civil rights leader
  • Jan 26 Cora Baird, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 27 Lawrence Durrell, Darjeeling, Indian/British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet)
  • Jan 27 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28 Jackson Pollock, Cody Wyoming, expressionist painter (Lavender Mist)

  • Jan 28 William "Bill" Henson, English diplomat (Prague 1939)
  • Jan 29 Jacob "Jaap" Balk, journalist (AH, Onder de Keizerskroon)
  • Jan 30 Barbara Tuchman, US, historian/author (Pulitzer, Guns of August)
  • Jan 30 Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
  • Feb 2 Millvina Dean, last living survivour of the RMS Titanic.
  • Feb 3 Jacques Soustelle, French minister of information
  • Feb 4 Ola Skjåk Bræk, Norwegian politician (d. 1999)
  • Feb 4 Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, archbishop of Quebec (d. 2006)
  • Feb 6 Eva Braun, mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler, born Munich Germany
  • Feb 7 Russell Drysdale, Australian Artist {d. 1981}
  • Feb 9 Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist
  • Feb 10 Lord Orr-Ewing [Charles Ian], great-grandson of Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing, Bt
  • Feb 11 Roy Fuller, Failsworth, Lancashire, English poet/novelist (Lost Season)
  • Feb 12 R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
  • Feb 14 Edmund George Love, US, teacher/historian/author (A Small Bequest)=
  • Feb 14 Juan Pujol Garcia, [Garbo/Arabel], Spanish British/German double agent
  • Feb 14 Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist
  • Feb 14 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
  • Feb 15 George Mikes, Hungary, British writer (How to Be an Alien)
  • Feb 16 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
  • Feb 16 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch (female) author
  • Feb 16 Maitland Mackie, Lord Lt (Aberdeenshire)
  • Feb 17 Andre Norton, American author (d. 2005)
  • Feb 19 Adolf Rudnicki, Polish writer (Niekochana)
  • Feb 19 Peter Francis de Sautoy, publisher
  • Feb 20 Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
  • Feb 21 Patrick Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • Feb 27 Kusumagraj, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • Feb 28 Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (d. 1945)
  • Mar 1 Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, archbishop of Toronto (d. 2003)
  • Mar 4 Afro, [Basaldella], Italian painter
  • Mar 4 Carl Marzani, American documentarian (d. 1994)
  • Mar 6 Madge Adam, astronomer
  • Mar 8 Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
  • Mar 9 Alan David Melville, polymath
  • Mar 11 Robert Clifford Latham, pepys Scholar
  • Mar 12 James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
  • Mar 12 Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
  • Mar 12 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • Mar 13 James Friell, political cartoonist
  • Mar 15 Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot
  • Mar 15 Louis Paul Boon, Flemish writer (Kapellekensbaan)
  • Mar 16 Patricia Nixon, [Thelma Catherine], Ely Nevada, 1st lady (1968-74)
  • Mar 19 Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot
  • Mar 22 Henri Rousselot, admiral
  • Mar 22 Lord Alport [Cuthbert Alport], politician, cabinet minister, and life peer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 23 Werner von Braun, German rocket scientist (I Aim at the Stars), born in Wirsitz, Germany (now Wyrzysk, Poland) (d. 1977)

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 24 Dorothy Height, American civil rights and women's rights activist, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2010)

Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist
Dorothy Height
  • Mar 27 James Callaghan, (L) British PM (1976-79)
  • Mar 28 A[rthur] Bertram Chandler, UK, sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space)
  • Mar 28 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator (d. 1943)
  • Mar 29 Hanna Reitsch, German test pilot (d. 1979)
  • Mar 30 Andrew Rodger Waterson, scholar/naturalist
  • Mar 31 Wilhelmus Berkelmans, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Apr 3 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch dir-gen (FAO)
  • Apr 3 Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands)
  • Apr 7 John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman
  • Apr 9 Lew Kopelew, Russian author (d. 1997)
  • Apr 10 Roy Hofheinz, engineer (Houston Astrodome)
  • Apr 12 Georges Franju, France, director (Judex, L'homme sans visage)
  • Apr 12 Harold Maguire, British air marshal
  • Apr 13 Roy Winsor, producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 14 Robert Doisneau, photographer
  • Apr 15 Kim II Sung, Eternal President ("The Great Leader") of North Korea (1945-94)
  • Apr 15 Peter Menzies, CEO (British Electricity Council)
  • Apr 16 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Apr 16 Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)
  • Apr 17 Isador Caplan, lawyer/Aldeburgh Festival Pioneer
  • Apr 18 John Lapworth Holt, boat Designer
  • Apr 18 Wendy Barrie, Hong Kong, hostess (Wendy Barrie Show)
  • Apr 19 Glenn T Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951)
  • Apr 19 William Murray, teacher/educationalist
  • Apr 20 Ed Jones, (Rep-D-TN, 1969- )
  • Apr 20 Frederick Craig Riddle, violist
  • Apr 20 Soewarsil Djojopoespito, Indonesia, writer (Toe the Line)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 9 Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (22) weds Natalie Talbert

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 1 Physicist Niels Bohr (26) weds Margrethe Norlund at a civil ceremony in Slagelse, Denmark

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 10 British literary figure (author of "To the Lighthouse") Virginia Woolf (30) weds political theorist Leonard Woolf (31)

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 19 Author Colette (39) weds "Le Matin" newspaper editor Henri de Jouvenel

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Felix Dahn, German histrian, jurist and poet, dies at 77
  • Jan 7 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, English Physician and Feminist, dies at 71
  • Jan 14 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • Jan 16 Georg Heym, German writer, dies in an ice skating accident at 24
  • Jan 28 Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
  • Jan 29 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, dies at 54
  • Feb 10 Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic), dies
  • Feb 16 Edgar Evans, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
  • Feb 16 St. Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox priest (b. 1836)
  • Feb 17 Aloys von Aerenthal, foreign minister (Austria-Hungary), dies at 57
  • Feb 17 Lawrence Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
  • Feb 22 Richard Andree, German geographer (Andree's Handatlas), dies at 76
  • Feb 25 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 29 Robert Falcon Scott, British pole explorer, dies in Antarctica at 43

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
  • Mar 30 Karl May, German writer (Winnetou/Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12 Clara Barton, organizer (American Red Cross), dies at 90

Humanitarian Clara Barton
Clara Barton
  • Apr 13 Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • Apr 14 Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
  • Apr 15 Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)
  • Apr 15 John Jacob Astor IV, billionaire (b. 1864)
  • Apr 15 William T. Stead American author and journalist. (b. 1849)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 20 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/writer (Dracula), dies at 64

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
  • Apr 24 Justin M'Carthy, politician/novelist (Miss Misanthrope), dies at 81
  • May 14 August Strindberg, Swedish writer (Deaddans), dies at 63
  • May 14 Frederik VIII C W K, King of Denmark (1906-12), dies at 68
  • May 19 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (b. 1847)
  • May 19 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiosperms), dies at 68
  • May 25 Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 30 Wilbur Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 45

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright
  • Jun 9 Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
  • Jun 10 Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • Jun 11 Leon Dierx, French poet (Amants), dies at 74
  • Jun 12 Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901), dies
  • Jun 25 Louis Antoine, Belgian miner/sect leader, dies at about 65
  • Jun 25 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter, dies at 76
  • Jul 17 J-Henri Poincaré, French mine engineer/mathematician, dies at 58
  • Jul 30 Mutsuhito, 122nd emperor of Japan (1867-1912), dies at 60
  • Aug 7 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
  • Aug 20 William Booth, English minister/founder (Leader des Heils), dies
  • Aug 24 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, dies at 59
  • Sep 5 Arthur MacArthur, Jr., U.S. Army general (b. 1845)
  • Sep 12 Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
  • Sep 13 Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general (b. 1849)
  • Oct 4 Gen Zeledon, Nicaraguan opponent of US occupation, is executed
  • Oct 6 August Beernaert, Belgian premier (1884-94, Nobel 1909), dies at 83
  • Oct 9 Millie & Christine, Siamese twins, dies at 61
  • Oct 24 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • Oct 30 James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
  • Nov 10 Louis Cyr, Canadian strongman (b. 1863)
  • Nov 11 Jose Canalejas Y Mendez, premier Spain, murdered
  • Nov 12 Jose Canalejas bon Mendez, premier of Spain (1910-12), murdered at 58
  • Nov 28 Heinz Galinski, chairman (Central Council for Jews in Germany), dies
  • Nov 28 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon (b. 1870)
  • Dec 3 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • Dec 7 George Darwin, theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies
  • Dec 12 Luitpold von Bayern, prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91
  • Dec 14 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant (b. 1887)
  • Dec 23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • Dec 30 Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter, German foreign minister, dies at 60