1913 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 208

  • Jan 1 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 2 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 6 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 8 Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
  • Jan 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19 Raymond Poincaré installed as president of France
  • Jan 21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time
  • Jan 23 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Writer Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka
  • Jan 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Feb 18 French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in NYC
  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
  • Feb 22 Lowell HS, SF opens (on its 1st campus)
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
  • Feb 28 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
  • Mar 1 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
  • Mar 1 US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
  • Mar 3 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 4 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 8 Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • Mar 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Mar 14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
  • Mar 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • Mar 21 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • Mar 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 25 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster in Ohio
  • Mar 25 Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (NYC) starring Ed Wynn
  • Mar 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Apr 3 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
  • Apr 4 The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • Apr 8 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • Apr 8 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • Apr 10 During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • Apr 14 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • Apr 16 The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
  • Apr 21 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • Apr 22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • Apr 24 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • Apr 26 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China
  • May 1 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
  • May 6 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • May 7 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • May 7 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • May 9 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
  • May 10 Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
  • May 14 Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • May 19 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • May 26 Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.
  • May 30 1st Balkan War ends, Treaty of London
  • May 30 New country of Albania, forms
  • May 30 John McGraw joins Fred Clarke, Cap Anson, Frank Selee, & Connie Mack as managers who have won 1,000 games
  • May 31 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • May 31 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • Jun 1 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • Jun 2 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • Jun 2 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • Jun 3 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Suffragette Emily Davison steps in front of King George V's horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 5 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • Jun 6 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • Jun 7 1st verifiable ascent of main summit of Denali (Mt McKinley), North America's highest mountain led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens
  • Jun 11 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • Jun 13 Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
  • Jun 14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • Jun 15 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes.
  • Jun 16 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 267

  • Jan 1 Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
  • Jan 2 Ernest Sidey, British air marshal
  • Jan 2 Juanita E Jackson Mitchell, US head (NAACP)
  • Jan 2 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, France, meteorologist
  • Jan 4 Malietoa Tanumafili II, King of West-Samoa (1962- )
  • Jan 6 Edward Gierek, party leader (Polish CP)
  • Jan 6 Loretta Young, Salt Lake City Ut, actress (Farmer's Daughter, Stranger)
  • Jan 9 Lavad "Dr Hepcat" Durst, vocal/piano
  • Jan 9 Peter John Norton, naval diplomat/artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 9 Richard Nixon, Yorba Linda, California, 37th President (R) of the United States (1969-74)

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jan 10 Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89)
  • Jan 10 Haywood Frank Henry, sax player
  • Jan 10 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
  • Jan 14 Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle)
  • Jan 15 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • Jan 17 Werenfried [Flip] van Straaten, founder (Oostpriesterhulp)
  • Jan 19 Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author
  • Jan 19 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • Jan 19 "Minnesota Fats", American billiards player (d. 1996)
  • Jan 22 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • Jan 22 Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • Jan 24 Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)
  • Jan 25 Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)
  • Jan 28 Oliver Chesterton, chartered surveyor
  • Jan 29 Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • Jan 30 Percy Thrower, English radio host
  • Feb 1 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 4 Rosa Parks, Tuskegee Alabama, American civil rights activist (bus protestor)

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 6 Mary Nicol Leakey, palaeontologist

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Mary Leakey
  • Feb 8 John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal
  • Feb 10 Ragnhild Marie Hatton, historian
  • Feb 10 Douglas Slocombe, British cinematographer (Kind Hearts and Coronets, Raiders of the Lost Ark), born in London (d. 1916)
  • Feb 12 Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of emperor Pedro I
  • Feb 13 Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant
  • Feb 13 Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest
  • Feb 14 Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
  • Feb 14 James Pike, bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Feb 14 Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
  • Feb 15 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • Feb 15 Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (d. 1997)
  • Feb 18 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • Feb 20 Mary Durack, Australian author and historian (Kings in Grass Castles and Keep Him My Country), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Feb 21 Glenn M Anderson, (Rep-D-CA, 1969- )
  • Feb 23 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Feb 24 Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
  • Feb 26 George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
  • Feb 26 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • Feb 27 Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
  • Feb 27 Irwin Shaw, US, novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • Feb 27 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)
  • Mar 1 Helmut Erich Robert Gernsheim, photogrpaher/collector
  • Mar 2 Georgy Nikolaevich Flerov, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Physicist (nuclear fission)
  • Mar 3 Roger Caillois, French writer (Les Jeux et les Hommes)
  • Mar 6 David Bowman, trade unionist
  • Mar 9 Ger[ar]da Brautigam, journalist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (PvdA)
  • Mar 11 Thomas Gray, professor/anaesthetist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 13 William J. Casey, American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), born in New York City (d. 1987)

CIA Director William Casey
CIA Director
William Casey
  • Mar 13 Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
  • Mar 18 Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/Rhine
  • Mar 18 William Hutchinson Murray, mountaineer/author
  • Mar 18 Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander
  • Mar 21 George Ghita Ionescu, academic
  • Mar 21 Max Youngstein, producer (United Artists), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 22 Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (d. 1983)
  • Mar 25 Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate (d. 2001)
  • Mar 26 Paul Erdos, mathematician
  • Mar 27 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Jack Jones, British trade unionist (CH)
  • Mar 29 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 2000)
  • Mar 30 Gottfried Reinhardt, theatre producer
  • Mar 30 Richard Helms, CIA head (1966-73)
  • Mar 30 Marc Davis, American animator (d. 2000)
  • Mar 30 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, (d. 2012)
  • Apr 3 F H Tate, vice-CEO (Tate & Lyle)
  • Apr 3 Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
  • Apr 4 Jerome Weidman, US writer (Tenderloin)
  • Apr 4 Jules Léger, Quebec diplomat and Governor general of Canada (d. 1980)
  • Apr 5 Alan Cheales, dominican priest
  • Apr 7 Charles Vanik, American politician (d. 2007)
  • Apr 8 H Ernst, bishop (Breda Neth)
  • Apr 10 Stefan Heym, German/US author (Crusaders, Family Benda)
  • Apr 11 Oleg Cassini, fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy), born in Paris, France
  • Apr 12 Keiko Fukuda, martial artist, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2013)
  • Apr 13 Bernard Chacksfield, Air Vice-Marshal
  • Apr 16 Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)
  • Apr 18 Susan Bosence, textile designer
  • Apr 19 Cyril English, British educator
  • Apr 21 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • Apr 21 Kai-Uwe von Hassel, German politician
  • Apr 21 Norman Parkinson, English fashion photographer (Harper's Bazaar), born in London (d. 1990)
  • Apr 25 Earl Bostic, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Apr 27 Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)
  • Apr 30 Bernard Charles Sendall, deputy director general (ITA)
  • Apr 30 Edith Fowke, folklorist
  • May 3 Earl Blackwell, author (Celebrity Register), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • May 3 William M Inge, US playwright (Picnic-Pulitzer 1953)
  • May 4 Lady Katherine Brandram, née Princess of Greece and Denmark (d. 2007)
  • May 6 Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist
  • May 6 Kenneth Horne, English paper manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • May 6 Ronald Harris, British 1st Church Estates Commissioner

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 9 US Admiral Chester Nimitz (28) weds Catherine Freeman (21) in Wollaston, Massachusetts

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 12 Author Upton Sinclair (34) weds writer Mary Craig (31)

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 4 Author A. A. Milne (31) weds Dorothy Daphne de Selincourt

Author A. A. Milne
A. A. Milne
  • Oct 1 Writer and poet Vita Sackville-West (21) marries diplomat Harold Nicolson (26)

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 15 Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Nov 25 28th US President Woodrow Wilson's daughter Jessie marries in The White House

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, Fr meteorologist (stratosphere), dies at 57
  • Jan 4 Alfred von Schlieffen, Prussian general-field marshal, dies at 79
  • Jan 6 Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
  • Jan 13 Thomas P Krag, Norw author/novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
  • Jan 18 Edmond R H Regout, Dutch industrialist/politician, dies at 49
  • Jan 22 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82
  • Jan 23 Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • Feb 22 Francisco Indalecio Madero, Mex pres, assassinated in milt coup at 39
  • Feb 22 Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a miltary coup
  • Feb 27 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • Feb 28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, killed in S Georgia (South Atlantic)
  • Mar 7 Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
  • Mar 9 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • Mar 18 George I, king of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
  • Mar 20 Song Jiao-ren, leader Chinese Guomindang-Party, dies
  • Mar 22 Sung Chiao-jen, Chinese Nationalist (b. 1882)
  • Mar 31 John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel Corp), dies at 75
  • Apr 14 Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
  • May 1 John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
  • May 16 Louis Perrier, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1849)
  • May 28 Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician, dies
  • Jun 8 Emily Wilding Davison, suffragette, trampled to death by a horse
  • Jun 11 Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
  • Jun 21 Stefan O Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
  • Jun 28 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • Jul 7 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
  • Jul 8 Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
  • Jul 19 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia (b. 1852)
  • Jul 29 Tobias MC Asser, lawyer (Nobel 1911), dies
  • Jul 31 John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, dies of Bright's disease at 62
  • Aug 13 F August Bebel, German social-democrat, dies
  • Sep 9 Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer, Belgian politician, dies
  • Sep 29 Rudolph C K Diesel, German constructer (Diesel Motor), dies at 55
  • Oct 1 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • Oct 5 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • Oct 10 Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • Oct 10 Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
  • Oct 23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • Oct 31 William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Nov 25 Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer (Ball Screw), dies
  • Dec 7 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
  • Dec 12 Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
  • Dec 22 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69