December 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
  • Dec 1 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government -Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
  • Dec 10 Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • Dec 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • Dec 13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • Dec 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • Dec 15 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Dec 18 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • Dec 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 3 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish industrial/resistance fighter
  • Dec 8 Delmore Schwartz, US, poet/short story writer/critic (Shenandoah)
  • Dec 8 Paul FĂ©lix, Flemish architect (Sun Song)
  • Dec 13 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian
  • Dec 15 Muriel Rukeyser, US, poet (1977 Shelley Memorial Award)
  • Dec 15 Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager
  • Dec 18 Alfred Bester, US, science fiction author (Decievers, Starlight)
  • Dec 18 Willy Brandt, [Herbert Frahm], German chancellor (1969-74, Nobel 1971)
  • Dec 19 William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
  • Dec 22 Anthony Barber Doncaster, bookseller
  • Dec 25 Henri Nannen, journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 27 Elizabeth Smart, Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • Dec 29 Laurence Gower, academic
  • Dec 30 Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 7 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
  • Dec 12 Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
  • Dec 22 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69