October 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 3 Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • Oct 4 Bkln Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • Oct 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Ford Motor Company institutes world's first moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Oct 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • Oct 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • Oct 10 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China
  • Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • Oct 15 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
  • Oct 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • Oct 22 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • Oct 26 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico
  • Oct 27 President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • Oct 29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • Oct 31 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Vivian Ridler, printer (Oxford University)
  • Oct 4 Stanley Oliphant Stewart, librarian
  • Oct 5 William Lehman, (Rep-D-FL, 1973- )
  • Oct 5 Eugene Bennett Fluckey American Navy Submariner (d. 2007)
  • Oct 6 Meret Oppenheim, writer
  • Oct 7 Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
  • Oct 10 Claude Simon, Malagasy-French writer (Nobel Prize Literature 1985), born in Tananarive, Madagascar (d. 2005)
  • Oct 11 J J Pickle, (Rep-D-TX, 1963- )
  • Oct 12 William James Moyce, armaments scientist
  • Oct 13 Frances Tustin, child psychologist
  • Oct 18 Robert Gilruth, American aviation and space pioneer (d. 2000)
  • Oct 19 Jean Urruty, France, Jai-Alai champion
  • Oct 19 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Le ragazze di San Frediano)
  • Oct 20 Bao Dai, emperor of Annam/Indochina/head of South Vietnam (1949-55)
  • Oct 22 Bo Dai, Huế, last Emperor of Vietnam (1926-45) and Chief of State of South Vietnam (1949-55)
  • Oct 22 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 22 Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Robert Capa
  • Oct 25 Klaus Barbie, gestapo chief (Lyon)
  • Oct 26 Stuart J[ames] Byrne, US, sci-fi author (Star Man, God Man)
  • Oct 27 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 1 Writer and poet Vita Sackville-West (21) marries diplomat Harold Nicolson (26)

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 15 Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • Oct 5 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • Oct 10 Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • Oct 10 Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
  • Oct 23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • Oct 31 William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)