1913 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 208

  • Jun 19 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • Jun 20 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • Jun 20 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • Jun 21 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • Jun 25 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • Jun 25 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • Jun 29 The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War
  • Jun 30 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup
  • Jul 1 Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 3 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • Jul 3 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • Jul 5 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • Jul 10 134°F (57°C), Greenland Ranch, California (US record)
  • Jul 10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 10 Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • Jul 12 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • Jul 18 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • Jul 19 Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
  • Jul 20 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • Jul 23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • Jul 25 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • Jul 25 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • Jul 29 Albania becomes sovereignty under prince Wilhelm von Wied
  • Jul 30 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • Aug 3 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • Aug 13 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • Aug 13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 27 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27 Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • Aug 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague
  • Aug 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 31 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

  • Sep 1 Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
  • Sep 2 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • Sep 6 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • Sep 6 Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
  • Sep 9 Association for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Call & Post forms
  • Sep 10 George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 10 Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
  • Sep 15 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • Sep 16 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • Sep 21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • Sep 21 Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • Sep 22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • Sep 22 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • Sep 23 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • Sep 23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • Sep 29 Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 29 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • Oct 3 Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • Oct 4 Bkln Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • Oct 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Ford Motor Company institutes world's first moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Oct 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • Oct 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • Oct 10 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China
  • Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • Oct 15 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
  • Oct 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • Oct 22 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • Oct 26 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico
  • Oct 27 President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • Oct 29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • Oct 31 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated
  • Nov 1 Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Less than a week after the US nonintervention promose, President Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resigns

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Nov 2 St Louis Browns mgr George Stovall is 1st to jump to Federal League
  • Nov 3 The USA introduces an income tax.
  • Nov 5 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • Nov 6 Mohandas K Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners' march in South Africa
  • Nov 9 Storm "Freshwater Fury" sinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes
  • Nov 13 1st modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob
  • Nov 17 1st US dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Nov 17 The first ship sails through the Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
  • Nov 18 Lincoln Deachey performs first airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego)
  • Nov 23 Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
  • Nov 25 The Irish Volunteers founded in Dublin to "secure the rights and liberties common to all the people of Ireland"
  • Nov 26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
  • Nov 26 Phi Sigma Sigma is founded at Hunter College in New York City.
  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
  • Dec 1 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government -Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
  • Dec 10 Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 267

  • May 9 John Hayes, British Naval Officer and Naval Secretary, born Southcote, Bermuda (d. 1998)
  • May 9 Victor Smith, Admiral (Australian Chiefs of Staff)
  • May 11 Robert Jungk, Austrian publicist (d. 1994)
  • May 13 Sanjiva Reddy, president (India)
  • May 13 William R Tolbert, president Liberia (1971-80)
  • May 17 Alec Ogilvie, CEO (Powell Duffryn)
  • May 17 Lord Hirshfield, chartered accountant
  • May 19 Albert Hardy, photographer
  • May 19 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, president of India
  • May 20 Henry Cadbury Brown, architect
  • May 20 William Hewlett, co-founder (Hewlett-Packard Co)
  • May 23 Ian Graeme, major-general
  • May 25 Joseph Peter Grace, businessman
  • May 26 Fred Bertrand, Belgian politician
  • May 26 Robert Shaw, town planner
  • May 27 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, bishop (Southwark England)
  • May 27 Wolfgang Schulze, [Wols], German cartoonist/painter
  • May 28 Gordon Wolstenholme, physician
  • May 29 Douglas Black, physician
  • May 31 Peter Gibson, British Rear-Admiral
  • Jun 1 Bill Deedes, British journalist (d. 2007)
  • Jun 2 Barbara Pym, romantic author (Very Private Eye), (d. 1980)
  • Jun 3 Pedro Mir, Dominican Poet Laureate (d. 2000)
  • Jun 6 Jiri Hajek, Czech jurist/foreign minister
  • Jun 6 Carlo L. Golino, American scholar (d. 1991)
  • Jun 7 Anthony David Machell Cox, medievalist
  • Jun 8 Graham Watson, British-born literary agent (Curtis Brown)
  • Jun 8 Peter Diamand, artistic administrator
  • Jun 9 Alida Margaretha Bosshardt, lt-colonel of Dutch Salvation Army
  • Jun 9 Patrick Steptoe, scientist (developed in vitro fertilization)
  • Jun 10 Van Carlyle Wilton-Davies, archdeacon Emeritus (Oxford)
  • Jun 10 Wilbur J Cohen, 1st employee of Social Security System
  • Jun 11 John Elliott Terry, managing director (National Film Finance Corp)
  • Jun 12 Jean Victor Allard, Canadian army general (d. 1996)
  • Jun 13 Etienne Leroux, major Afrikaans author.
  • Jun 15 Trevor Huddleston, English pastor/chairman (Anti-Apartheid)
  • Jun 17 Felix Hartlaub, writer
  • Jun 18 Sylvia Porter, financial writer (Sylvia Porter's Money Book)
  • Jun 22 Wladyslaw Sila-Nowicki, Poland, lawyer (Solidarity)
  • Jun 23 Jacques Rabemananjara, Hungarian author/vice-president (Antsa)
  • Jun 23 William P Rogers, Norfolk NY, US secretary of state (1969-73)
  • Jun 24 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter
  • Jun 26 Maurice Wilkes, inventor (stored program concept for computers)
  • Jun 26 Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (d. 2008)
  • Jun 27 Willie Mosconi, world champion pool player (1941-57)
  • Jun 28 Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
  • Jun 30 Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
  • Jul 1 Jo Sinclair [Ruth Seid], American writer (Wasteland), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1995)
  • Jul 3 Hugh Stirling MacKenzie, British vice admiral
  • Jul 3 William Deakin, warden (St Anthony's College Oxford)
  • Jul 8 Walter Kerr, NY drama critic (Sad Clowns)
  • Jul 10 Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (d. 1985)
  • Jul 11 Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger, US, sci-fi author (Space Lords)
  • Jul 11 Cordwainer Smith, American writer (d. 1966)
  • Jul 12 Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • Jul 13 Walter Landor, designer
  • Jul 13 Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Hellerup Denmark, Danish shipping magnate, (d. 2012)
  • Jul 14 Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14 Gerald Ford [Leslie King], 38th US President (R: 1974-77) and 41st US Vice President (R: 1973-74), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2006)

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • Jul 14 Nigel Thomas Loveridge Fisher, politician
  • Jul 15 Ralph Hammond Innes, English author
  • Jul 15 Abraham Sutzkever, Yiddish language poet and memoirist.
  • Jul 16 Hugh Ford, FRS mechanic engineer
  • Jul 17 Roger Garaudy, French philosopher
  • Jul 17 Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (d. 1997)
  • Jul 18 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede)
  • Jul 23 Michael Foot, British politician (L) and writer, Leader of the Opposition (1980-83), born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 2010)
  • Jul 25 John Cairncross, linguist (5th Man)
  • Jul 27 Eva Jones, poet/novelist
  • Jul 27 Mary Green, headmistress (Kidbrooke School)
  • Jul 27 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria)
  • Jul 27 George L. Street III American Navy Submariner (d. 2000)
  • Jul 29 Erich Priebke, Nazi war criminal
  • Aug 4 Robert Hayden, American poet (d. 1980)
  • Aug 8 Daan Wildschut, painter/glazenier/author
  • Aug 8 Robert T Stafford, (Sen-R-VT, 1971-88)
  • Aug 9 Herman Talmadge, (Sen-D-Ga, Watergate Committee)
  • Aug 10 Steven Nagy, bowler, 1st to bowl 300 on TV (1954)
  • Aug 11 Angus Wilson, England, writer (Mulberry Bush-1955)
  • Aug 13 Liesbeth Askonas, concert agent
  • Aug 13 Lord Oram, British MP (Labour)
  • Aug 13 Makarios III, [Michail Moeskos], archbishop/president Cyprus
  • Aug 14 Fred Davis, English world champ snooker player (1948-49, 51)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 16 Menachem Begin, Israeli Prime Minister (1977-83, Nobel 1978), born in Brest, Belarus (d. 1992)

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • Aug 17 W. Mark Felt, American FBI official and Watergate secret informant known as "Deep Throat"
  • Aug 19 Walter B Jones, (Rep-D-NC, 1966-92)
  • Aug 19 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
  • Aug 21 Victor Rosow, Russian dramatist, born in Yaroslavl (d. 2004)
  • Aug 22 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist (d. 1993)
  • Aug 22 Robert Martineau, bishop of Blackburn
  • Aug 23 Stanley Kitchen, British chartered accountant
  • Aug 25 Walt Kelly, cartoonist, creator (Pogo)
  • Aug 26 Cees de Lange, Dutch conferencier
  • Aug 27 Arthur Benfield, head of Cheshire CID
  • Aug 27 Donald McKenzie MacKinnon, philosopher
  • Aug 27 Stewart Crawford, British diplomat
  • Aug 28 Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist essayist/dramatist, born in Thamesville, Ontario (d. 1995)
  • Aug 28 John Terence Reese, bridge master
  • Aug 30 Thomas Torrance, theologist
  • Aug 31 Michiel P Gorsira, 1st Dutch Antillean in charge of Curacao (1951-67)

Weddings in History

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Deaths in History

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