August 1914 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 119

  • Aug 1 British fleet reaches Scapa Flow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
  • Aug 1 France & Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 1 Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 2 Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • Aug 2 German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
  • Aug 2 German troops overthrows Luxembourg
  • Aug 2 Germany & Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance
  • Aug 2 Great Britain mobilizes
  • Aug 2 Postdam Conference ended
  • Aug 2 Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
  • Aug 2 Sherlock Holmes Adventure "His Last Bow" takes place
  • Aug 3 1st seaworthy ship passes through the Panama Canal
  • Aug 3 Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army
  • Aug 3 French fleet sails to North Africa
  • Aug 3 German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
  • Aug 3 Germany invades Belgium & declares war on France in WW I
  • Aug 3 World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
  • Aug 4 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • Aug 4 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • Aug 4 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • Aug 4 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war
  • Aug 4 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany
  • Aug 4 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 5 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Aug 5 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • Aug 5 Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
  • Aug 5 Massive German assault on forts around Liège
  • Aug 5 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • Aug 5 US and Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
  • Aug 5 Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
  • Aug 6 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • Aug 6 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • Aug 6 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • Aug 6 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • Aug 6 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
  • Aug 7 Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece
  • Aug 7 French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • Aug 7 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • Aug 7 German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium
  • Aug 7 Lord Kitchener says "Your country needs you" poster spreads over UK
  • Aug 7 Russia invades East Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 3rd pole expedition Ernest Shackleton "Endurance"

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Aug 8 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas
  • Aug 8 Montenegro declares war on Germany
  • Aug 9 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • Aug 10 At Liege, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary
  • Aug 10 German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany
  • Aug 10 German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas
  • Aug 10 WWI: French fall back at Alsace
  • Aug 11 Jews are expelled from Mitchenick, Poland
  • Aug 11 John Wray patents animation
  • Aug 12 France and Great Britian declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • Aug 12 Cavalry battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle of the Silver Helmets")
  • Aug 12 German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege
  • Aug 12 Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
  • Aug 13 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • Aug 13 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • Aug 14 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 Dinant, Belgium, destroyed by German bombs. Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Aug 15 Japan joins side of allies
  • Aug 15 Panama Canal opens (under cost)

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 15 A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

  • Aug 15 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Aug 16 German army occupies last fort at Liege, Belgian general Leman caught
  • Aug 16 Zapata & Pancho Villa over run Mexico
  • Aug 16 World War I: Battle of Cer begins.
  • Aug 17 French troops under gen de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins
  • Aug 18 -20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
  • Aug 18 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Aug 19 Elmer Rice' "On Trial" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 19 German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
  • Aug 19 German fleet bombs English coast
  • Aug 19 Harris Theater (Candler, Coan & Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St NYC
  • Aug 19 In a message to the Senate, US President Wilson urges the American people to be 'neutral in fact as well as name'
  • Aug 20 German General von Bulow executes 211 Belgians
  • Aug 20 -24] Battle of Bounderies: Lorraine, Ardennen, Sambre & Meuse, Mons
  • Aug 20 Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russians beat Germans
  • Aug 20 Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands
  • Aug 20 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • Aug 20 German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp
  • Aug 21 Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • Aug 21 French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre
  • Aug 22 Battle at Charleroi begins: Gen von Bulows troops beat French
  • Aug 22 1st encounter between British & German troops (in Belgium)
  • Aug 22 Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny & Virton
  • Aug 22 Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
  • Aug 22 General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg, East Prussia
  • Aug 22 German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines, Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 WW1: Von Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 23 -24] German troops plunder Belgium
  • Aug 23 Battle of Mons: General Alexander von Kluck's troops forced a British withdrawal.
  • Aug 23 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant, Belgium
  • Aug 23 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
  • Aug 24 Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
  • Aug 24 German troops occupy Namur, Belgium
  • Aug 25 -26] Belgian offensive at Antwerp
  • Aug 25 Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven, Belgium

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 2 Ismond Rosen, psychoanalyst/artist
  • Aug 3 Rick Slabbinck, Flemish painter
  • Aug 4 Rik Slabbinck, Flemish painter
  • Aug 6 Susan Cowdy, ornithologist
  • Aug 8 Arthur Holt, politician
  • Aug 9 Gordon Cullen, architect
  • Aug 9 Tove Jansson, Finnish author (Moomins) (d. 2001)
  • Aug 11 José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
  • Aug 12 [Hendrik] Jan Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist (Parool)
  • Aug 12 Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • Aug 14 Sydney Wooderson, miler (world record 1937)
  • Aug 15 Peter Nicholson Gunn, writer
  • Aug 17 Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr, son of FDR/(Rep-D-NY, 1949-55)
  • Aug 21 Dallas Pratt, collector
  • Aug 26 Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
  • Aug 27 Catherine Marshall, editor/writer
  • Aug 30 Rafael Jose Luis Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur

Deaths in History

  • Aug 4 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist (b. 1853)
  • Aug 6 Ellen Axson Wilson, US 1st Lady (1913-14), dies during Woodrow Wilson's 1st term of Bright's Disease at 54

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 12 John Philip Holland, submarine designer, dies at 74

  • Aug 17 James Grierson, British general
  • Aug 19 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1844)
  • Aug 20 Pius X, [Giuseppe M Sarto], Pope (1903-14), dies
  • Aug 22 Raffenel, French general (3rd Colonial Div, WW I), dies in battle
  • Aug 22 Rondoney, French general (3rd Colonial Div, WW I), dies in battle
  • Aug 22 Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi Italian religious figure
  • Aug 23 Felix Fivet, Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • Aug 23 George A Pogson, British consul in Puerto Rico, dies
  • Aug 27 John Weiss, German new testament, dies
  • Aug 29 ... Machagovsky, Russian general (Tannenberg), dies in battle
  • Aug 30 Adrian H Stewart, British lieutenant, dies in battle in Cameroon at 26
  • Aug 30 Aleksandr Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide