December 1914 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 2 Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia
  • Dec 3 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
  • Dec 5 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • Dec 6 German troops over run Lodz
  • Dec 8 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron
  • Dec 8 Boers rebelling against the British have recently suffered several defeats; today, one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidently drowns
  • Dec 10 French government returns to Paris
  • Dec 11 Stockton Street Tunnel (SF) completed
  • Dec 12 The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%.
  • Dec 14 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • Dec 15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • Dec 15 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
  • Dec 15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
  • Dec 16 French offensive in Artois (Pétain)
  • Dec 16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • Dec 17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • Dec 17 Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • Dec 17 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities
  • Dec 21 2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances
  • Dec 23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • Dec 24 German plane drops bombs on Dover England
  • Dec 25 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football.
  • Dec 26 The US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, but this same day the German announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; this will weaken America's protest
  • Dec 28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • Dec 31 As the year ends, the world finds itself engulfed in a war that would have seemed like and unimaginable nightmare only six months before

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 4 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • Dec 4 Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)
  • Dec 5 Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)
  • Dec 13 Alan L Bullock, British historian
  • Dec 14 Karl Carstens, German (CDU)/pres Germany (1979-84)
  • Dec 14 Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (d. 1943)
  • Dec 18 Jerry Zipkin, socialite
  • Dec 21 Ivan Generalić, Austro-Hungarian-born Croatian painter (d. 1992)
  • Dec 25 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist (d. 2007)
  • Dec 27 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • Dec 27 Ivan Sutton, British concert promoter
  • Dec 29 Albert Tucker, Australian artist (d. 1999)

Weddings in History

  • Dec 24 Agatha Miller (later best selling detective author) marries aviator Archibald Christie

Deaths in History

  • Dec 6 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist, dies at 47
  • Dec 8 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • Dec 12 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • Dec 19 Johann F Ritter von Schulte, German catholic lawyer, dies at 87

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 24 John Muir, Scottish naturalist, dies of pneumonia at 76

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • Dec 27 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor (b. 1863)