July 1914 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party
  • Jul 4 1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
  • Jul 5 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • Jul 9 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jul 15 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • Jul 16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • Jul 18 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jul 20 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • Jul 23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult
  • Jul 25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • Jul 25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 26 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • Jul 26 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrived from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • Jul 27 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • Jul 28 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow
  • Jul 28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental phone link made between NYC & SF
  • Jul 29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • Jul 29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • Jul 30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • Jul 30 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jul 31 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Earle Warren, alto sax player
  • Jul 2 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Giuseppe 'Nuccio' Bertone, car designer
  • Jul 5 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi
  • Jul 8 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • Jul 9 Willi Stoph, president German DR
  • Jul 10 Joe Shuster, Canadian-born cartoonist (d. 1992)
  • Jul 14 Sidney George Gray, company secretary
  • Jul 15 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • Jul 17 James Purdy, Hicksville, Ohio, writer (The House of the Solitary Maggot), (disputed birthdate, 1923), (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • Jul 18 Jozef MLT Cals, Dutch premier (KVP, Mammoth Law)
  • Jul 23 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil)
  • Jul 24 David Miles Bensuan-Butt, economist
  • Jul 24 Edwin Mirvish, owner (Old Vic)
  • Jul 24 Kenneth B Clark, Canal Zone, civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto)
  • Jul 24 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)
  • Jul 29 Abram Games, graphic artist
  • Jul 29 Dovie Hudson, community activist in rural Mississippi
  • Jul 30 Lord Killanin, Irish IOC president (d. 1999)
  • Jul 31 Jose Ignacio Domecq, wine maker
  • Jul 31 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 13 British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 29 Mountain climber George Mallory (28) weds Ruth Mallory

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory

Deaths in History

  • Jul 2 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • Jul 6 Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet, murdered at 27
  • Jul 11 Julius Rodenberg, [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies
  • Jul 19 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • Jul 30 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • Jul 31 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=