October 1914 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
  • Oct 1 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth
  • Oct 4 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • Oct 5 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • Oct 6 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • Oct 9 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • Oct 10 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WW I)
  • Oct 11 German troops occupy Ghent
  • Oct 12 The First Battle of Ypres begins
  • Oct 13 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • Oct 13 Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask
  • Oct 13 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • Oct 14 German troops occupy Brug
  • Oct 15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • Oct 15 Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • Oct 18 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • Oct 19 US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail
  • Oct 21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • Oct 27 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • Oct 28 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • Oct 28 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
  • Oct 29 Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • Oct 30 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins
  • Oct 31 Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and author (The Americans: The Democratic Experience - 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
  • Oct 2 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist, author, and occultist (d. 1952)
  • Oct 4 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Oct 4 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 6 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), born in Larvik (d. 2002)

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • Oct 11 Edward J Day, US Postmaster General (1961)
  • Oct 14 Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • Oct 16 Christian J Modeste, gypsey king
  • Oct 17 Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman)
  • Oct 17 John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur
  • Oct 21 Martin Gardner, Scientific American math & puzzles columnist
  • Oct 25 John Berryman, American poet (Friends & Associates)
  • Oct 27 Dylan Thomas, Swansea Wales, poet (Child's Christmas in Wales)
  • Oct 27 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 28 Jonas Salk, medical scientist who created the polio vaccine, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Oct 28 Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)
  • Oct 28 Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • Oct 30 Marion Ladewig, Mich, bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63)
  • Oct 31 Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • Oct 31 John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 7 44th US Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (26) weds John F. Fitzgerald's mother, Rose Fitzgerald (24)

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy

Deaths in History

  • Oct 10 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, mayor (Amsterdam)/foreign minister, dies at 73
  • Oct 10 Karol I, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies
  • Oct 30 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31