September 1914 in History

Events in History

  • Sep 1 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
  • Sep 1 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • Sep 1 Von Gluck's army meets up with British expeditionary army
  • Sep 1 The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • Sep 2 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • Sep 2 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • Sep 3 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • Sep 3 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • Sep 3 French troops vacate Rheims
  • Sep 3 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • Sep 3 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • Sep 4 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • Sep 4 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • Sep 5 World War I: Battle of Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)
  • Sep 5 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • Sep 5 Gr Britain/France/Belgium/Russia sign pact of London
  • Sep 5 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins
  • Sep 5 US President Wilson orders the US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; this will lead to the interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping to bring the US into the war
  • Sep 7 NY Post Office Building opens to public
  • Sep 8 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • Sep 8 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • Sep 9 -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
  • Sep 9 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • Sep 9 Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war
  • Sep 11 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • Sep 14 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • Sep 14 German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches
  • Sep 15 Battle of Aisne begins between Germans & French during WW I
  • Sep 15 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Sep 17 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • Sep 18 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Sep 18 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • Sep 18 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • Sep 19 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
  • Sep 20 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • Sep 22 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
  • Sep 22 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany
  • Sep 26 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • Sep 26 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • Sep 28 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I)

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 3 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (d. 1994)
  • Sep 4 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive, third postwar chairman of Volkswagen (d. 2003)
  • Sep 5 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra)
  • Sep 7 Herbert Delauney Bill Hughes, educationist
  • Sep 7 Ian Ball, photographer
  • Sep 7 James Van Allen, US physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts)
  • Sep 8 Dimitrios I, patriarch (primus interparis orthodox Christians)
  • Sep 8 Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello's neighbor (Hillary)
  • Sep 12 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
  • Sep 14 Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • Sep 14 Robert S. Dietz, Westfield New Jersey, American Geophysicist who proposed a theory of seafloor spreading in 1961
  • Sep 15 Creighton Abrams, US, army general (Vietnam War)
  • Sep 15 Jens Otto Krag, premier of Denmark (1962-68, 71-72)
  • Sep 15 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • Sep 17 Shin Kanemaru, politician
  • Sep 19 Rogers Morton, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Sep 21 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 2010)
  • Sep 23 Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • Sep 24 Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor-General of Australia, who dismissed Whitlam government (d. 1991)
  • Sep 26 Jack LaLanne, exercise mogul (Juice Tiger)
  • Sep 28 Harold Taylor, Canada, educator (Art & the Future)
  • Sep 28 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], Datchet, Berkshire, English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove

Deaths in History

  • Sep 1 Martha, last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo
  • Sep 5 Charles PĆ©guy, French poet, essayist and editor (b. 1873)
  • Sep 7 Lord O'Brien, British nobleman, dies at 73
  • Sep 8 William E Darwin, British son of Charles Darwin, dies at 74
  • Sep 15 Jacobus Herculas de la Rey, [Uncle Chose], Boer general, dies at 66
  • Sep 22 Alain-Fournier, French writer (Grand Meaulnes), dies in battle at 27
  • Sep 25 A Lichtenstein, writer, dies at 25
  • Sep 25 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter, dies at 76
  • Sep 28 Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)