1914 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 358

  • Aug 20 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • Aug 20 German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp
  • Aug 21 Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • Aug 21 French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre
  • Aug 22 Battle at Charleroi begins: Gen von Bulows troops beat French
  • Aug 22 1st encounter between British & German troops (in Belgium)
  • Aug 22 Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny & Virton
  • Aug 22 Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
  • Aug 22 General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg, East Prussia
  • Aug 22 German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines, Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 WW1: Von Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 23 -24] German troops plunder Belgium
  • Aug 23 Battle of Mons: General Alexander von Kluck's troops forced a British withdrawal.
  • Aug 23 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant, Belgium
  • Aug 23 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
  • Aug 24 Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
  • Aug 24 German troops occupy Namur, Belgium
  • Aug 25 -26] Belgian offensive at Antwerp
  • Aug 25 Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven, Belgium
  • Aug 25 German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp, Belgium, 10 die
  • Aug 25 German troops march into France and push French army to the Sedan
  • Aug 26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
  • Aug 26 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
  • Aug 27 Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau
  • Aug 27 US war reporter Richard H Davis visits Leuven
  • Aug 28 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • Aug 28 Battle of Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1,100 killed
  • Aug 28 British General John French evacuate Amiens
  • Aug 29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, Gen Martos caught
  • Aug 29 Arizonian is 1st vessel to arrive in SF via Panama Canal
  • Aug 29 Battle of St Quentin: French counter attack under General Lanrezac
  • Aug 29 New Zealand forces capture German Samoa
  • Aug 30 1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed
  • Aug 30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army ca. 170,000 killed or injured
  • Aug 31 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • Aug 31 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
  • Aug 31 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
  • Aug 31 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Sep 1 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
  • Sep 1 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • Sep 1 Von Gluck's army meets up with British expeditionary army
  • Sep 1 The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • Sep 2 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • Sep 2 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • Sep 3 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • Sep 3 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • Sep 3 French troops vacate Rheims
  • Sep 3 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • Sep 3 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • Sep 4 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • Sep 4 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • Sep 5 World War I: Battle of Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)
  • Sep 5 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • Sep 5 Gr Britain/France/Belgium/Russia sign pact of London
  • Sep 5 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins
  • Sep 5 US President Wilson orders the US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; this will lead to the interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping to bring the US into the war
  • Sep 7 NY Post Office Building opens to public
  • Sep 8 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • Sep 8 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • Sep 9 -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
  • Sep 9 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • Sep 9 Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war
  • Sep 11 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • Sep 14 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • Sep 14 German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches
  • Sep 15 Battle of Aisne begins between Germans & French during WW I
  • Sep 15 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Sep 17 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • Sep 18 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I
  • Sep 18 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front
  • Sep 18 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • Sep 18 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • Sep 19 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
  • Sep 20 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • Sep 22 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
  • Sep 22 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany
  • Sep 26 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • Sep 26 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • Sep 28 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I)
  • Oct 1 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
  • Oct 1 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth
  • Oct 4 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • Oct 5 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • Oct 6 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • Oct 9 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • Oct 10 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WW I)
  • Oct 11 German troops occupy Ghent
  • Oct 12 The First Battle of Ypres begins
  • Oct 13 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • Oct 13 Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask
  • Oct 13 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • Oct 14 German troops occupy Brug
  • Oct 15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • Oct 15 Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • Oct 18 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • Oct 19 US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail
  • Oct 21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • Oct 27 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • Oct 28 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • Oct 28 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 272 of 272

  • Aug 30 Rafael Jose Luis Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur
  • Sep 3 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (d. 1994)
  • Sep 4 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive, third postwar chairman of Volkswagen (d. 2003)
  • Sep 5 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra)
  • Sep 7 Herbert Delauney Bill Hughes, educationist
  • Sep 7 Ian Ball, photographer
  • Sep 7 James Van Allen, US physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts)
  • Sep 8 Dimitrios I, patriarch (primus interparis orthodox Christians)
  • Sep 8 Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello's neighbor (Hillary)
  • Sep 12 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
  • Sep 14 Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • Sep 14 Robert S. Dietz, Westfield New Jersey, American Geophysicist who proposed a theory of seafloor spreading in 1961
  • Sep 15 Creighton Abrams, US, army general (Vietnam War)
  • Sep 15 Jens Otto Krag, premier of Denmark (1962-68, 71-72)
  • Sep 15 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • Sep 17 Shin Kanemaru, politician
  • Sep 19 Rogers Morton, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Sep 21 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 2010)
  • Sep 23 Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • Sep 24 Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor-General of Australia, who dismissed Whitlam government (d. 1991)
  • Sep 26 Jack LaLanne, exercise mogul (Juice Tiger)
  • Sep 28 Harold Taylor, Canada, educator (Art & the Future)
  • Sep 28 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], Datchet, Berkshire, English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove
  • Oct 1 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and author (The Americans: The Democratic Experience - 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
  • Oct 2 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist, author, and occultist (d. 1952)
  • Oct 4 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Oct 4 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 6 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), born in Larvik (d. 2002)

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • Oct 11 Edward J Day, US Postmaster General (1961)
  • Oct 14 Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • Oct 16 Christian J Modeste, gypsey king
  • Oct 17 Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman)
  • Oct 17 John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur
  • Oct 21 Martin Gardner, Scientific American math & puzzles columnist
  • Oct 25 John Berryman, American poet (Friends & Associates)
  • Oct 27 Dylan Thomas, Swansea Wales, poet (Child's Christmas in Wales)
  • Oct 27 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 28 Jonas Salk, medical scientist who created the polio vaccine, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Oct 28 Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)
  • Oct 28 Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • Oct 30 Marion Ladewig, Mich, bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63)
  • Oct 31 Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • Oct 31 John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • Nov 5 Henri J de Koster, Dutch Min of Defense (1971-73)
  • Nov 5 Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
  • Nov 7 R[aphael] A[loysius] Lafferty, US, sci-fi author (Devil is Dead)
  • Nov 8 Lute T de Cock, student/resistance fighter
  • Nov 9 Colin Gray, New Zealand fighter ace of the Second World War
  • Nov 11 Daisy Bates, publisher/head (Arkansas NAACP)
  • Nov 11 Perry Bass, Texas billionaire
  • Nov 11 Henry Wade, American lawyer (d. 2001)
  • Nov 12 Edward "Henricus" Schillebeeckx, Dutch theologist
  • Nov 14 Eric John Crozier, producer/librettist
  • Nov 14 Florentine Rost van Tonningen-Heubel, Dutch black widow/Nazi
  • Nov 20 Emilio Pucci, Naples, fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954)
  • Nov 22 Peter Woolridge Townsend, war hero courtier writer
  • Nov 23 [Arthur] Wilson "Bob" Tucker, US, sci-fi author (Time Masters)
  • Nov 27 Evangeline Bruce, hostess
  • Nov 29 Edith Tilton Penrose, economist
  • Nov 29 Taisen Deshimaru, Saga City Japan, found several Zen centers in France
  • Dec 4 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • Dec 4 Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)
  • Dec 5 Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)
  • Dec 13 Alan L Bullock, British historian
  • Dec 14 Karl Carstens, German (CDU)/pres Germany (1979-84)
  • Dec 14 Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (d. 1943)
  • Dec 18 Jerry Zipkin, socialite
  • Dec 21 Ivan Generalić, Austro-Hungarian-born Croatian painter (d. 1992)
  • Dec 25 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist (d. 2007)
  • Dec 27 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • Dec 27 Ivan Sutton, British concert promoter
  • Dec 29 Albert Tucker, Australian artist (d. 1999)

Weddings in History

  • Please go to a prior page.

Deaths in History

  • Please go to a prior page.