1915 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 242

  • Jan 1 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • Jan 1 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • Jan 4 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • Jan 4 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • Jan 9 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
  • Jan 11 Col Jacob Ruppert & Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yanks for $460,000
  • Jan 12 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • Jan 13 Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
  • Jan 13 Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • Jan 15 Japan claims economic control of China
  • Jan 16 Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • Jan 17 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
  • Jan 17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • Jan 18 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • Jan 18 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • Jan 19 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • Jan 19 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
  • Jan 21 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • Jan 24 German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF

  • Jan 25 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)
  • Jan 26 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established
  • Jan 27 US Marines occupy Haiti
  • Jan 28 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
  • Jan 28 US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services
  • Jan 28 US President Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
  • Jan 30 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • Jan 30 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • Jan 31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • Feb 3 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • Feb 4 Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary
  • Feb 7 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
  • Feb 7 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • Feb 10 US President Wilson warns Germany that the US will hold it 'to a strict accountability' for 'property endangered or lives lost'
  • Feb 10 US President Wilson protests to Britain on the use of US flags on British merchant ships to deceive the Germans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 12 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 13 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region
  • Feb 16 Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
  • Feb 17 Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
  • Feb 18 Germany begins a blockade of Britain
  • Feb 19 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast
  • Feb 20 Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
  • Feb 21 20th Russian Army corps surrenders
  • Feb 21 World's Fair in SF opens
  • Feb 22 Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
  • Feb 23 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
  • Feb 23 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • Feb 26 Malancourt, Argonnen 1st (German) flame-thrower
  • Feb 28 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • Mar 2 British vice admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
  • Mar 2 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • Mar 3 US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA
  • Mar 5 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
  • Mar 6 Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos
  • Mar 8 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • Mar 10 British Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle
  • Mar 11 The British declare a blockade of all German ports
  • Mar 14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.
  • Mar 16 British battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelles
  • Mar 16 Federal Trade Commission organizes
  • Mar 18 Failed British attack in Dardanelles
  • Mar 18 French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
  • Mar 19 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • Mar 23 Zion Mule Corp formed by the British Army
  • Mar 25 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
  • Mar 25 German U boat torpedoes Neth merchant ship Medea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • Apr 4 Germany protests vigorously to the US, claiming it must insist that Britain lifts its blockade and assert American neutrality
  • Apr 5 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • Apr 14 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • Apr 14 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • Apr 14 Turkey invades Armenia.
  • Apr 15 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 15 NY Giant Rube Marquard no-hits Bkln, 2-0
  • Apr 18 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • Apr 20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • Apr 22 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • Apr 22 The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front
  • Apr 23 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
  • Apr 24 German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper
  • Apr 24 Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
  • Apr 24 Pitts' Frank Allen no-hits St Louis (Federal League), 2-0
  • Apr 25 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI
  • Apr 26 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 1 British liner Lusitania leaves NY for Liverpool
  • May 1 German submarine torpedoes US tanker Gulflight
  • May 2 Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields"

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • May 4 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 5 German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
  • May 6 German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland
  • May 6 The Allies on Cape Helles launch three attacks to enlarge their beachheads; after terrible losses, they advance about three miles
  • May 7 RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost
  • May 9 German & French fight Battle of Artois
  • May 10 Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England
  • May 12 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • May 12 Franklin K Mathiews presents idea of "Book Week"
  • May 13 US Secretary of State Bryan sends a note to Germany demanding that Germany disavow the attacks on the Lusitania and make immediate reparations; however, the note is written only to 'pacify exited public opinion', according to Bryan
  • May 15 AT&T becomes 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 268

  • Jan 1 Francois Bondy, writer
  • Jan 1 Lewis Bingham Keeble, town planner
  • Jan 2 John Hope Franklin, historian
  • Jan 5 Mabel Leigh, British potter (Shorter and Son)
  • Jan 5 Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer (d. 2004)
  • Jan 6 Alan Watts, Kent England, writer (Book on the Taboo)
  • Jan 6 Don Edwards, American politician and civil rights champion (Rep-D-CA, 1963-94), born in San Jose, California (d. 2015)
  • Jan 6 John C. Lilly, U.S. psychoanalyst, writer (d. 2001)
  • Jan 7 Herman Musaph, Dutch psychiatrist/sexologist/founder (NVSH)
  • Jan 11 Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder Special Air Service (d. 1955)
  • Jan 12 Ernest Armstrong, British politician (L) and teacher, born in Stanley, County Durham (d. 1996)
  • Jan 12 Frank Annunzio, (Rep-D-IL, 1965- )
  • Jan 12 Joseph Roy George Ralston, pilot
  • Jan 12 Martin Agronsky, journalist (1952 Peabody, 1961 DuPont-Columbia)
  • Jan 12 Paul Jarrico, American writer (d. 1997)
  • Jan 12 Joseph-Aurèle Plourde, Catholic archbishop of Ottawa
  • Jan 13 Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property developer
  • Jan 14 Andre Frossard, Catholic columnist
  • Jan 14 Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)
  • Jan 20 C W Ceram, [Kurt W Marek], German/US writer (March of Archaeology)
  • Jan 20 Joe Hitchcock, darts player (leader of St Dunstan's Four)
  • Jan 20 Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
  • Jan 23 Potter Stewart, Mich, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81)
  • Jan 24 Robert B Motherwell, US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)
  • Jan 25 Michael Duane, educationalist
  • Jan 29 Frederic Ramsey Jr, folklorist/author
  • Jan 29 Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)
  • Jan 30 John D Profumo, England, politician (C)
  • Jan 30 Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)
  • Jan 31 Garry Moore, [Thomas Garrison Morfit], Balt, host (I've Got a Secret)
  • Jan 31 John Profumo, president (Toynbee Hall)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31 Thomas Merton, French/American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), born in Prades, Pyrénées-Orientales, France

Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk Thomas Merton
Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk
Thomas Merton
  • Jan 31 William Crosbie, artist
  • Feb 2 Evert Werkman, Dutch journalist (Het Parool)
  • Feb 2 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)
  • Feb 3 Jann Willem Holsbergen, author (Zakenmensen Fair as Gold)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 5 Robert Hofstadter, US atomic physicist

  • Feb 6 Derk Roemers, Dutch politician (Soc-Dem)
  • Feb 11 Haakon Stotijn, Dutch oboist (VARA Orch, Orkestgebouw Orch)
  • Feb 11 Mervyn Levy, artist/critic
  • Feb 11 Patrick Leigh Fermor, author
  • Feb 11 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 12 Andrew J Goodpaster, US, general/supreme commander (NATO-Europe)
  • Feb 13 Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1947)
  • Feb 14 A W H Stewart-Moore, CEO (Gallaher)
  • Feb 15 Paul Ferris, British author
  • Feb 23 Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)
  • Feb 23 Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
  • Feb 24 Charles Henry "Harry" Urwin, trade unionist
  • Feb 26 Elisabeth Eybers, South Afr/Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses)
  • Feb 26 Pran Nath Chhuttani, Indian physician and teacher, born in Leiah, Pakistan (d. 1996)
  • Feb 27 Arthur Gilson, Belgian attorney/minister of Defense (1958-..)
  • Feb 28 Peter Medawar, England, zoologist, immunologist (Nobel 1953)
  • Mar 4 Petrus de Jong, Dutch premier (KVP, 1967-71)
  • Mar 5 Laurent Schwartz, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • Mar 6 Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, 52nd Da'i al Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras
  • Mar 7 Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician
  • Mar 8 Vivien John, English painter and daughter of Augustus John, born in Dorset (d. 1994)
  • Mar 10 Harry Bertoia, Italian artist (d. 1978)
  • Mar 11 Karl Krolow, German poet and translator, born in Hannover (d. 1999)
  • Mar 11 J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)
  • Mar 12 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
  • Mar 14 Kenneth Rowntree, painter
  • Mar 17 Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)
  • Mar 17 Henry Bumstead, American art director (d. 2006)
  • Mar 18 Richard Thomas Condon, author
  • Mar 19 Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • Mar 20 Rudolf Kirchschläger, President of Austria (d. 2000)
  • Mar 22 Forest Sagendorf, cartoonist
  • Mar 23 Francis Berry, poet/Shakespearean scholar
  • Mar 23 Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • Mar 27 Richard Sharp, civil servant
  • Mar 27 Selma Rubin, Toledo, Ohio, environmental activist (Earth Day co-founder), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 31 Jack Perry, businessman
  • Mar 31 Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)
  • Apr 2 Antony Dornhorst, professor of medicine
  • Apr 2 Arthur Ballard, artist
  • Apr 3 Paul Touvier, war criminal
  • Apr 4 Jan Drda, Czech writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani)
  • Apr 4 Lars G Ahlin, Swedish writer (Death of Me)
  • Apr 7 Henry Kuttner, US, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were)
  • Apr 9 Daniel Johnson, Sr., Quebec politician (d. 1968)
  • Apr 10 Leo Vroman, Dutch/US poet/biologist, (d. 2014)
  • Apr 12 Emil [Theodore] Petaja, US, sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane)
  • Apr 13 Bert [Albert L F] Peleman, [Dirk Dyckmans], Flemish writer
  • Apr 13 R N Coote, Bishop (Colchester)
  • Apr 13 Stephan Hermlin, writer
  • Apr 13 Stephen Roberts, CEO (British Milk Marketing Board)
  • Apr 13 Tom Greenshields, sculptor
  • Apr 15 Elizabeth Catlett, sculptor and print maker (Mother and Child), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • Apr 16 Dany [Daniel S] Tuijnman, head of Dutch traffic & water
  • Apr 17 Joe Foss, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, American fighter ace (Medal of Honor-1943) and politician (d. 2003)
  • Apr 18 Joy Gresham Lewis, American writer, wife of C. S. Lewis (d. 1960)
  • Apr 20 Joseph Wolpe, South African-born psychotherapist (d. 1997)
  • Apr 21 Frick, [W Groebli], Swiss clown, Frick & Frack)
  • Apr 22 Lord Airedale, British Lord (social democrat)
  • Apr 23 Arnold Hall, CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)
  • Apr 25 A J A Quintus Bosz, Indonesian/Suriname lawyer
  • Apr 25 William Goyen, American writer, born in Trinity, Texas (d. 1983)
  • May 5 Richard H Rovere, Jersey City, journalist (Goldwater Caper)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 4 Canadian diplomat Vincent Massey (28) weds Alice Parkin

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 26 Poet T. S. Eliot (26) weds governess Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27) at Hampstead Register Office in London

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 10 28th US President Woodrow Wilson marries 2nd wife Edith Galt, a descendant of native American Pocahontas

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Journalist Benito Mussolini marries Rachele Guidi in Treviglio Lombardy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Dec 18 US President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 22 Biologist Alexander Fleming (34) weds Sara McElroy

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 James E Flecker, British diplomat/novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
  • Jan 13 Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
  • Jan 14 Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
  • Jan 15 Fannie Farmer, American culinary figure and author dies aged 57
  • Jan 28 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)
  • Feb 10 Albert J-BJ Thijs, Belgian Colonial pioneer (Congo), dies at 65

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 18 Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), dies at 72

Outlaw Frank James
Frank James
  • Feb 19 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, India's social reformer/politician, dies
  • Feb 23 Robert Smalls, Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in SC
  • Feb 25 George Mimot, physician (Nobel-1934), dies
  • Mar 4 William Willett, inventor of Daylight Saving Time (b. 1856)
  • Mar 11 Thomas Alexander Browne, Australian writer (b. 1826)
  • Mar 13 Sergei J Witte, Dutch count/premier of Russia, dies at 65
  • Mar 17 Walter Crane, English painter/cartoonist/illustrator, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 21 Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (b. 1856)

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • Mar 24 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
  • Apr 14 James Hutton Brew, Pioneer of West African Journalism, dies
  • Apr 16 Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)
  • Apr 23 Rupert Chawner Brooke, English poet (Lithuania), dies at 27
  • Apr 25 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)
  • May 7 Alfred G Vanderbilt, US millionaire, dies aboard Lusitania
  • May 7 Alfred Scott Witherbee Jr, US Lusitania officer, dies
  • May 7 Charles Frohman, dies aboard Lusitania
  • May 8 Henry McNeal Turner, 1 African American Methodist Bishop and 1st African American army chaplain, dies at 82
  • May 10 Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist, dies in battle
  • May 19 John Simpson Kirkpatrick stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)
  • May 21 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (b. 1875)
  • Jun 5 Brzeska, sculptor, dies
  • Jun 18 Eufemio Zapata, brother to Mexican revolutionist Emiliano Zapata, killed by Sidronio Comancho
  • Jun 20 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), dies
  • Jul 2 Gen Porfirio [Jose de la Cruz] Diaz, president Mexico, dies
  • Jul 10 Hendrik W Mesdag, painter (Panorama Mesdag), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 16 ellen white, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, dies at 87

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • Jul 22 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • Jul 26 James Murray, philologist, dies
  • Jul 28 Vilbrun G Sam, rebellion leader/president of Haiti, lynched
  • Aug 4 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • Aug 9 Henry Longbottom, English lieutenant, dies in battle
  • Aug 10 Henry Moseley, English physicist (b. 1887)
  • Aug 15 Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, Jew convicted of murder, lynched
  • Aug 17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob in Georgia
  • Aug 20 Paul Ehrlich, Germ geneologist (Chemotherapy, Nobel 1908), dies in 61
  • Sep 2 August Stramm, German poet and playwright dies in battle during WWI at 41
  • Sep 10 Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Premier of Quebec (b. 1822)
  • Sep 11 William Sprague IV, American politician (b. 1830)
  • Sep 11 William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)
  • Sep 13 Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • Sep 21 Anthony Comstock, anti-vice crusader, dies at 71 in NYC
  • Sep 27 Conrad T van Deventer, Dutch jurist/MP (liberal), dies at 57
  • Sep 27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • Sep 27 Remy de Gourmont, French poet (b. 1858)
  • Sep 28 Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
  • Oct 9 Constant A M Cap, Flemish poet/etcher, dies at 73
  • Oct 12 Edith L Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium (WW II)
  • Oct 22 Andrew Noble, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, dies at 84
  • Oct 24 Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 30 Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada, dies of heart failure at 94

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 14 Booker T. Washington, educator/organizier, dies at 59 in Tuskegee Ala

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Nov 19 Solomon Schechter, theologist, dies at about 64
  • Nov 28 Luigi Capuana, Sicilian author/critic (C'era una Volta), dies at 76
  • Nov 28 Mubarak Al-Sabah "The Great", Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
  • Dec 18 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist, dies at 82
  • Dec 19 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • Dec 23 Roland Leighton, dies at 20
  • Dec 28 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer/politician, dies at 78