April 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 1st US national women's swiming championships held
  • Apr 2 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 2 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • Apr 5 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 6 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Apr 8 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • Apr 9 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
  • Apr 12 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • Apr 18 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • Apr 19 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • Apr 19 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • Apr 19 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • Apr 20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • Apr 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British
  • Apr 21 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement is discovered at McKenna's Fort and is arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • Apr 21 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour
  • Apr 22 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • Apr 22 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • Apr 22 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • Apr 23 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

Apr 24 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Apr 27 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • Apr 29 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
  • Apr 30 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 Herb Caen, columnist (SF Chronicle), born in Sacramento, California
  • Apr 3 Robert Jesse Charleston, museum Curator
  • Apr 4 Herbert Eugene Caen, columnist
  • Apr 4 Nikola Ljubicic, Yugoslav general, Serbian communist politician (d. 2005)
  • Apr 5 Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician
  • Apr 5 Bernard Baily, comic artist
  • Apr 12 Beverly Cleary, American writer
  • Apr 12 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)
  • Apr 15 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • Apr 17 Azijn Banana, [Oscar Enau], Antillean publicist
  • Apr 17 David Stafford-Clark, psychiatrist
  • Apr 17 Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral
  • Apr 17 Ryoei Saito, businessman
  • Apr 17 Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world's 1st woman PM (Sri Lanka, 1960..77)
  • Apr 17 Vinegar Banana, [Oscar Enau], Antillean publicist
  • Apr 22 Earl of Oxford & Asquith, governor (Seychelles)
  • Apr 24 Stanley Kauffmann, playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 26 Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)
  • Apr 28 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (d. 1993)
  • Apr 30 Claude Shannon, information theorist
  • Apr 30 Dugo D Schenker, Suriname/Antillian producer

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 11 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), dies of a heart attack at 52
  • Apr 15 Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanist, dies at 75
  • Apr 19 Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • Apr 29 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (b. 1850)