January 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • Jan 7 German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun
  • Jan 7 In response to pressure from President Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare
  • Jan 8 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • Jan 10 In retaliation for President Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pacho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 American mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11 French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • Jan 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts
  • Jan 14 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.
  • Jan 23 Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • Jan 24 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
  • Jan 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31 Dutch Girl Guides form

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter
  • Jan 4 Robert Parrish, director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Jan 6 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist (d. 2007)
  • Jan 7 Paul Keres, USSR, chess grandmaster (1950)
  • Jan 7 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • Jan 9 Alain Bernardin, impressario (Crazy Horse Saloon)
  • Jan 9 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • Jan 11 James H [Jimmy] Quillen, (Rep-R-TN, 1963- )
  • Jan 12 A P[ieter] W Botha, Orange Free State, president of South Africa
  • Jan 13 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • Jan 14 John Oliver Killens, novelist
  • Jan 15 Mikki Doyle, journalist
  • Jan 16 Frederick Stewart, British geologist
  • Jan 18 James Crow, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, geneticist and influential educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier of Suriname (1963-69)
  • Jan 20 Walter Bartley, biochemist
  • Jan 22 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • Jan 23 Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist
  • Jan 24 John Corner, scientist
  • Jan 29 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • Jan 31 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • Jan 31 Violet Cane, statistician

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
  • Jan 8 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • Jan 14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
  • Jan 15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • Jan 16 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57