May 1916 in History

Events in History

  • May 2 US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act
  • May 2 2nd Ave & Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Pl renamed Sycamore Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe & Selwyn Avenue named
  • May 3 Irish Nationalists Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed by firing squad following their involvement in the Easter Rising
  • May 4 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • May 4 Ned Daly, Willie Pearse, Michael O'Hanrahan and Joseph Plunkett are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising, at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • May 5 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • May 6 Belgian troops march into Kigali, German East Africa
  • May 8 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • May 8 Irishmen Eamon Kent, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert and Sean Houston are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • May 9 British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey
  • May 10 Disastrous fire in Ellendale, ND
  • May 10 Historic Shipport Museum opens in Amsterdam
  • May 12 James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin
  • May 13 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
  • May 15 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • May 15 Claiming that the USA must act to quell dangerous disorder, the government orders US Marines to land in Santo Domingo; the American occupation will continue until 1924
  • May 17 British Summer Time (Daylight Savings) introduced
  • May 18 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
  • May 18 A British Royal Inquiry into the Easter Rising in Dublin is set up in London
  • May 19 Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
  • May 20 Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 & 1918)
  • May 20 Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • May 21 Britain begins "Summer Time" (daylight saving time)
  • May 22 French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 23 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 24 Conscription begins in Britain
  • May 24 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
  • May 24 Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
  • May 24 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
  • May 27 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx
  • May 27 President Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations
  • May 29 Official flag of president of US adopted
  • May 29 US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • May 31 Battle of Jutland (Skagerrak): naval battle between British Grand Fleet and German High Seas Fleet: over 8,500 die in this inconclusive slaughter - although the German fleet never put to sea again.
  • May 31 British battle cruiser HMS Invincible explodes, killing all but 6 (Battle of Jutland)

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Jane Jacobs, urbanologist, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • May 3 Henry Barbosa Gonzalez, (Rep-D-Tx, 1961-99 ), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2000)
  • May 3 Pierre Emmanuel, French poet (Sodome)
  • May 5 Zail Singh, President of India (d. 1994)
  • May 8 Gordon Scarrott, engineer
  • May 8 João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and FIFA President 1974-98, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2016)
  • May 8 Swami Chinmayananda, Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)
  • May 9 Cyril Bowles, bishop of Derby
  • May 11 Camilo Jose Cela, Spanish writer (Nobel Prize 1989), born in Padrón, La Coruña (d. 2002)
  • May 14 Marco Zanuso, Italian architect
  • May 16 Ephraim Katzir, biophysicist/president (Israel)
  • May 16 Irene Elizabeth Beatrice Ighodaro, doctor/social reformer
  • May 17 Cornelis A Eman, Aruban politician
  • May 17 John Hinde, photographer/circus promoter
  • May 20 Cornelie Coposu, politician
  • May 20 John McIntyre, theologian
  • May 20 Rev Owen Chadwick, English historian, priest and university chancellor, born in London (d. 2015)
  • May 20 Alexei Petrovich Maresiev, Russian flying ace (d. 2001)
  • May 21 Harold Robbins, author (Moneychangers, Carpetbaggers, Betsy), born in NYC, New York
  • May 21 Joseph Janni, producer
  • May 21 Leonard Manasseh, architect
  • May 23 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • May 24 Roden Cutler, Governor (New South Wales)
  • May 25 Lou van Rees, Dutch impresario [or May 29]
  • May 26 Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
  • May 27 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • May 28 C Wright Mills, US sociologist (Power Elite) [or Aug 28]
  • May 28 Gerald McArthur, detective
  • May 28 Walker Percy, writer (Adventures of a Bad Catholic), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 30 Joseph W Kennedy, scientist (1 of 4 discoverers of plutonium)
  • May 31 Bert Haanstra, Holten Netherlands, director (Fanfare)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

May 27 Naval commander Karl Donitz (24) weds nurse Ingeborg Weber

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz

Deaths in History

  • May 4 Joseph Mary Plunkett, Irish revolutionary (b. 1887)
  • May 6 Dirk Bos, Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53
  • May 11 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (s-effect), dies
  • May 12 James Connolly, Irish socialist (b. 1868)
  • May 13 Sholem Aleichem, yiddish writer (Fiddler on the Roof), dies
  • May 17 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)
  • May 27 Joseph S Gallieni, General/military governor of Paris, dies
  • May 28 Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer and political activist, dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 30 John Singleton Mosby, American Confederate officer, dies at 82

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • May 31 Rear Admiral Sir Horace Lambert Alexander Hood, dies in Battle of Jutland