October 1917 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 12 The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
  • Oct 13 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • Oct 17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • Oct 19 Love Field in Dallas, Texas, is opened
  • Oct 21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • Oct 21 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • Oct 23 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin & Trotsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • Oct 25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • Oct 26 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • Oct 26 World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • Oct 27 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Oct 31 Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine- "last successful cavalry charge in history"

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Ren√© A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)
  • Oct 2 Christian de Duve, Thames Ditton,¬†Surrey, cytologist and biochemist (Nobel, 1974), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Robert Adams, English sculptor
  • Oct 8 Walter Lord, American author (d. 2002)
  • Oct 13 Burr Tillstrom, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 15 Arthur Schlesinger Jr, Ohio, historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson)
  • Oct 17 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
  • Oct 20 Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles
  • Oct 20 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • Oct 26 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)
  • Oct 27 Oliver Tambo, co-founder (African National Congress)
  • Oct 27 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough (d. 2007)
  • Oct 30 Nikolai Vasilievich Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2016)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 21 Irish poet and playwright William Butler Yeats (52) weds Georgie Hyde-Lees (25)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 9 Hussain Kamil, sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • Oct 27 Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)
  • Oct 28 Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)