December 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • Dec 1 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • Dec 1 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 4 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st President to travel outside US while in office

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • Dec 9 French troops occupies Mainz
  • Dec 13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
  • Dec 14 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • Dec 14 Sinn Fein candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • Dec 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting
  • Dec 16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • Dec 17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • Dec 19 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
  • Dec 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • Dec 26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • Dec 27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Kirby Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 1 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, first President of the United Arab Emirates, born in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • Dec 3 Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
  • Dec 6 Granville James Leveson Gower, land owner
  • Dec 6 Harold Horace Hopkins, inventor (Endoscope)
  • Dec 6 Peter A Juten, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • Dec 6 Willem Oosterheers, resistance fighter
  • Dec 9 Jerome Beatty Jr., American author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 11 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Kislovodsk, Russia, writer (Cancer Ward, Nobel 1970), (d. 2008)

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Dec 12 Nilda Pinto, [NM Geerdink-Jesurun P], Curacao writer (Nanzi)
  • Dec 14 James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994)
  • Dec 14 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate
  • Dec 16 Henry Clarke, fashion photographer
  • Dec 21 Donald Regan, White House staffer/US Secretary of Treasury (1981-85)
  • Dec 21 Kurt Waldheim, Austrian 4th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1972-81) and 9th President of Austria (1986-92), born in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria (d. 2007)
  • Dec 23 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • Dec 25 Anwar el-Sadat, Egyptian Pres (1970-81, Nobel 1978)
  • Dec 25 Ahmed Ben Bella, Maghnia, Algeria, politician, first President of Algeria, (d. 2012)
  • Dec 26 George Rallis, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2006)
  • Dec 27 John Celardo, American comic strip artist
  • Dec 30 W Eugene Smith, US photographer (Saipan, Walk to Paradise Garden)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Philippine Senator (and later 2nd President) Manuel L. Quezon (40) weds first cousin Aurora Aragon (30) in Hong Kong

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 30 Gangster Al Capone (19) marries Mae Josephine Coughlin, mother of his child

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone

Deaths in History

  • Dec 2 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer, dies in the flu pandemic at 38
  • Dec 2 Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (b. 1868)
  • Dec 11 Ivan Cankar, Slavic author (Hlapec Jernej), dies at 42
  • Dec 14 Sidonio Pais, prince of Portugal, murdered
  • Dec 22 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author/mayor/painter, dies at 83
  • Dec 28 George H White, last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn), dies
  • Dec 28 Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)