January 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 3 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • Jan 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition of alcohol) of the US Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • Jan 14 Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard
  • Jan 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 27 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • Jan 29 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • Jan 2 Willi Graf, German anti-Nazi activist (d. 1943)
  • Jan 7 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
  • Jan 10 Arthur Chung, President of Guyana (d. 2008)
  • Jan 15 Andreas M Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law)
  • Jan 15 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971)
  • Jan 15 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil (d. 1999)
  • Jan 16 Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • Jan 16 Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 17 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician
  • Jan 18 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, priest
  • Jan 18 Ton Brandsteder, CEO/founder (Sony Nederland)
  • Jan 18 Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 John H Johnson, American publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)
  • Jan 21 Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist
  • Jan 21 Richard D. Winters, American war hero

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • Jan 24 Oral Roberts, Pontotoc County Oklahoma, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 26 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania (d. 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • Jan 26 Philip José Farmer, Terre Haute Indiana, American sci-fi novelist (Riverworld)
  • Jan 27 William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Harry M Corbett, Bradford, puppeteer/entertainer (Sooty, Some People)
  • Jan 28 Trevor Skeet, British MP
  • Jan 28 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • Jan 30 Jarl Andre Bjerke, [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet/writer

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Sijbe K Bakker, vicar/theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
  • Jan 6 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • Jan 8 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • Jan 9 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28 John McCrae, Canadian poet/physician/soldier, dies of pneumonia at 45

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae