January 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 3 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • Jan 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition of alcohol) of the US Constitution
  • Jan 8 US President Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War
  • Jan 12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • Jan 14 Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • Jan 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 27 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • Jan 29 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • Jan 2 Willi Graf, German anti-Nazi activist (d. 1943)
  • Jan 7 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
  • Jan 10 Arthur Chung, President of Guyana (d. 2008)
  • Jan 15 Andreas M Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law)
  • Jan 15 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971)
  • Jan 15 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil (d. 1999)
  • Jan 16 Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • Jan 16 Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 17 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician
  • Jan 18 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, priest
  • Jan 18 Ton Brandsteder, CEO/founder (Sony Nederland)
  • Jan 18 Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 John H Johnson, US, publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)
  • Jan 21 Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist
  • Jan 21 Richard D. Winters, American war hero
  • Jan 23 Gertrude Belle Elion, biochemist/drug researcher (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 24 Oral Roberts, Pontotoc County Oklahoma, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 26 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89) (d. 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • Jan 26 Philip José Farmer, Terre Haute Indiana, American science fiction novelist (Riverworld)
  • Jan 27 William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Harry M Corbett, Bradford, puppeteer/entertainer (Sooty, Some People)
  • Jan 28 Trevor Skeet, British MP
  • Jan 28 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • Jan 30 Jarl Andre Bjerke, [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet/writer

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Sijbe K Bakker, vicar/theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
  • Jan 6 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • Jan 8 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • Jan 9 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28 John McCrae, Canadian poet/physician/soldier, dies of pneumonia at 45

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae