July 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
  • Jul 4 Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
  • Jul 9 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
  • Jul 9 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 14 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • Jul 15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

  • Jul 18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 21 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • Jul 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, Calif
  • Jul 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • Jul 3 Lord Mulley, British MP (Labour)
  • Jul 4 Abigail Van Buren, [Mrs Morton Phillips], Sioux City Iowa, columnist
  • Jul 4 Ann Landers, Sioux City Iowa, twin sister/advice columnist
  • Jul 4 Buster Davis, choral director (Garry Moore Show), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 4 Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965- )
  • Jul 4 Pauline Phillips, Sioux City, Iowa, advice columnist (Dear Abby), (d. 2013)
  • Jul 6 Bert [Lambertus H] Voeten, Dutch journalist/poet (Crossing)
  • Jul 9 Rowley I Arenstein, South African attorney/communist/ANC'er
  • Jul 14 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • Jul 16 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 18 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and South African President (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Jul 22 Pim [Albrecht W] Lyre, Dutch lawyer/son of prince Henry
  • Jul 25 Jane Frank, American artist (d. 1986)
  • Jul 29 Vladimir Dudentzev, Russian writer
  • Jul 31 Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 12 Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso

Deaths in History

  • Jul 2 Mohammed V Resjad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies
  • Jul 3 Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • Jul 6 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • Jul 12 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • Jul 17 Aleksei N Romanov, son and heir of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13
  • Jul 17 Alexandra Fjodorova, wife of Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death at 46

BattleExecution

Jul 17 Anastasia Nikolaevna, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 17

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • Jul 17 Botkin, personal physician of Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death
  • Jul 17 Charitonov, cook of Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death
  • Jul 17 Demidova, lady in waiting of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death
  • Jul 17 Maria Romanova, daughter of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death

BattleExecution

Jul 17 Nicholas II Alexandrovich, last Tsar of Russia, executed at 50

  • Jul 17 Olga Romanova, daughter of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death
  • Jul 17 Tatyana Romanova, daughter of RussianTsar Nicholas II, shot to death
  • Jul 17 Trupp, lackey of Tsar Nicholas II, shot to death
  • Jul 18 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • Jul 19 Joost van Vollenhoven, Neth, gov-gen (French West-Africa), dies
  • Jul 22 Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
  • Jul 25 Carlos Guido y Spano, Argentine poet (Mexico, canto epico), dies
  • Jul 25 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer, dies at 47
  • Jul 26 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flyer (Victoria Cross), dies
  • Jul 29 Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • Jul 30 Chaim Soloveitchik, Rabbi of Brisk, talmudic scholar, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 Joyce Kilmer, American poet, dies at 31