March 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 3 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 3 Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • Mar 4 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • Mar 4 First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
  • Mar 6 US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
  • Mar 7 Pres Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal
  • Mar 7 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • Mar 9 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • Mar 9 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • Mar 9 Wageningen Agricultural College Neth opens
  • Mar 11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • Mar 11 Save the Redwoods League founded
  • Mar 11 First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Mar 13 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • Mar 14 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
  • Mar 16 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
  • Mar 17 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • Mar 17 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • Mar 18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • Mar 19 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • Mar 19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • Mar 21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • Mar 23 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • Mar 23 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • Mar 23 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • Mar 23 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • Mar 23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • Mar 25 The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
  • Mar 27 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
  • Mar 31 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • Mar 3 Arnold Newman, photographer (Faces USA)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
  • Mar 5 Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/spy (MI6)/priest
  • Mar 5 James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • Mar 7 June Wayne, artist/lithographer/teacher
  • Mar 9 Mickey Spillane, [Frank], mystery writer (I the Jury), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 10 Heywood Hale Broun, TV commentator and sports correspondent, born in New York City (d. 2001)
  • Mar 10 Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
  • Mar 12 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • Mar 13 Faye Glenn Abdellan, US government official (health services)
  • Mar 15 Janet Leach, potter, born in Grand Saline, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Mar 15 Richard Ellmann, US, literary scholar/writer (Oscar Wilde)
  • Mar 15 Punch Imlach, Canadian hockey coach and general manager (d. 1987)
  • Mar 16 Aldo E van Eyck, Dutch architect (City Hall)
  • Mar 17 Wilhelmus M J Russell, Dutch attorney/Member of 1st chamber (KVP/CDA)
  • Mar 18 Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 20 Jack Barry, Lindenhurst NY, game show emcee (Joker's Wild)
  • Mar 20 Donald Featherstone, British writer and wargamer
  • Mar 22 Cheddi B Jagan, dentist/founder PPP/Guyanese Premier (1953, 1957-64)
  • Mar 22 Harry Kay, vice-chancellor (Exeter U)
  • Mar 24 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter
  • Mar 29 John Read, CEO (TSB Group)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 29 Sam Walton, Founder and CEO of Wal-Mart, born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma (d. 1992)

Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • Mar 30 John Gray, FRS/marine biologist
  • Mar 31 Ted Post, Dir (Peacemaker, Beneath the Planet of the Apes)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 9 [Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind, German writer/press sec, dies at 53
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/liberal politician, dies at 73
  • Mar 20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)