1918 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 265

  • May 24 Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19th inning
  • May 24 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • May 26 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • May 26 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • May 27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • May 28 Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Jun 3 US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • Jun 4 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • Jun 6 Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
  • Jun 8 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • Jun 12 1st airplane bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • Jun 15 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • Jun 22 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe Illinois)
  • Jun 25 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • Jun 26 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • Jun 28 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • Jun 29 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • Jun 30 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • Jul 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
  • Jul 4 Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
  • Jul 9 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
  • Jul 9 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 14 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • Jul 15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

  • Jul 18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 21 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • Jul 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, Calif
  • Jul 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
  • Aug 1 British troops enter Vladivostok
  • Aug 2 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • Aug 3 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 6 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • Aug 6 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • Aug 8 WW I: The Battle of Amiens begins - Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks
  • Aug 8 6 US soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command & shoots 20 Germans & captures 132 more
  • Aug 9 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • Aug 12 WW I: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • Aug 13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • Aug 16 US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • Aug 17 British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Aug 17 Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
  • Aug 17 Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
  • Aug 17 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated
  • Aug 20 WW I: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • Aug 26 W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 27 Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • Aug 27 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • Aug 28 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • Aug 29 Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • Aug 30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

MurderAssassination Attempt

Aug 30 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Sep 1 US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
  • Sep 3 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed.
  • Sep 3 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
  • Sep 4 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • Sep 4 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • Sep 5 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • Sep 9 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • Sep 12 WW I: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • Sep 13 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • Sep 14 WW I: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • Sep 15 CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to the British nation
  • Sep 18 Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
  • Sep 20 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
  • Sep 26 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • Sep 29 WWI: Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • Oct 8 American soldier Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • Oct 20 In order to secure an armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions
  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WW I: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • Oct 31 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 237

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 12 Julius Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed for espionage, born in New York City, New York

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
  • May 13 John Johnston, British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia)
  • May 16 Edward Thomas, historian/intelligence expert
  • May 16 Juan Rulfo, Mexican writer (Pedro Paramo)
  • May 16 Kevin Skelton, Bishop (Lichfield)
  • May 18 George Welch, American pilot and war hero (d. 1954)
  • May 19 Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
  • May 20 Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • May 21 Leonard Mullens, rubber physicist
  • May 22 David Land, impressario
  • May 24 Coleman Young, 1st African American Mayor of Detroit, born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • May 24 D V Jennings, solicitor
  • May 27 Yasuhiro Nakasone, premier of Japan (1982-87)
  • May 30 Guadalupe "Pita" Amor, Mexican poet (d. 2000)
  • May 30 Bob Evans, American restaurateur (d. 2007)
  • Jun 2 Ruth Atkinson, American cartoonist (d. 1997)
  • Jun 3 Lili St. Cyr, American ecdysiast (d. 1999)
  • Jun 6 Tom Scott, poet/editor
  • Jun 7 Irene Vorrink, Dutch minister (health & environment)
  • Jun 8 John D. Roberts, American chemist
  • Jun 13 Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (d. 1944)
  • Jun 15 Andreas M Donner, Dutch state leader
  • Jun 15 N'garta Tombalbaye, president Chad
  • Jun 17 Maldwyn Thomas, president (Welsh Liberal Party)
  • Jun 17 Ajahn Chah, Buddhist meditation master (d. 1992)
  • Jun 19 Evelle Jansen Younger, prosecutor (Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan)
  • Jun 20 Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer
  • Jun 21 James Bysse Joll, historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 22 Cicely Saunders, English nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, born in Barnet, England (d. 2005)

Nurse and Social Worker Cicely Saunders
Nurse and Social Worker
Cicely Saunders
  • Jun 28 Bert Schierbeek, [Lambertus], Dutch writer/poet (Cross Roads)
  • Jun 29 Jack Harkness, rose grower
  • Jul 2 Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • Jul 3 Lord Mulley, British MP (Labour)
  • Jul 4 Abigail Van Buren, [Mrs Morton Phillips], Sioux City Iowa, columnist
  • Jul 4 Ann Landers, Sioux City Iowa, twin sister/advice columnist
  • Jul 4 Buster Davis, choral director (Garry Moore Show), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 4 Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965- )
  • Jul 4 Pauline Phillips, Sioux City, Iowa, advice columnist (Dear Abby), (d. 2013)
  • Jul 6 Bert [Lambertus H] Voeten, Dutch journalist/poet (Crossing)
  • Jul 9 Rowley I Arenstein, South African attorney/communist/ANC'er
  • Jul 14 Jay Wright Forrester, invented random-access magnetic core memory
  • Jul 16 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 18 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and South African President (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Jul 22 Pim [Albrecht W] Lyre, Dutch lawyer/son of prince Henry
  • Jul 25 Jane Frank, American artist (d. 1986)
  • Jul 29 Vladimir Dudentzev, Russian writer
  • Jul 31 Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • Aug 1 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, born in Carmarthenshire (d. 1999)
  • Aug 3 James MacGregor Burns, political writer (The Lion & the Fox)
  • Aug 3 Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (d. 1999)
  • Aug 4 Iceberg Slim (a.k.a. Robert Beck), American author (d. 1992)
  • Aug 5 Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina (d. 2004)
  • Aug 7 Cees Buddingh', Dutch poet/writer/interpreter
  • Aug 10 Eugene Wilkinson, naval officer (first nuclear sub commander), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 12 Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross, born in Simla, India (d. 1944)

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Aug 13 Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal
  • Aug 13 Frederick Sanger, England, biochemist (Nobel 1958, 1980)
  • Aug 13 John Bunting, senior civil servant
  • Aug 15 Fay Honey Knopp, activist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 20 Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)

  • Aug 22 Mary McGrory, American journalist (d. 2004)
  • Aug 24 Ray McIntire, chemical engineer
  • Aug 24 Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (d. 2004)
  • Aug 27 Lord Winstanley, physician/British MP (Labour)
  • Aug 28 Alejandro Lanusse, army officer/politician
  • Aug 29 Jelle Zijlstra, economist/minister/pres Netherlands Bank
  • Sep 2 Allen Drury, author (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize)
  • Sep 2 Martha Mitchell, wife of Attorney General John Mitchell

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 4 Paul Harvey, news commentator (Rest of the story), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • Sep 7 Robert Lewis Campbell Lorimer, publisher
  • Sep 8 Derek Barton, British chemist (Nobel 1969)
  • Sep 8 John F Seiberling, (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86)
  • Sep 9 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Novara, Italy, politician (Italian President, 1992-1999), (d. 2012)
  • Sep 10 Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (d. 1932)
  • Sep 11 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator (d. 2008)
  • Sep 16 Mervyn Pike [Baroness Pike], politician (C), born in Castleford, West Yorkshire (d. 2004)
  • Sep 17 Chaim Herzog, Israeli president (1983-93), (d. 1997)
  • Sep 18 John Berger, politician
  • Sep 22 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (Die Weisse Rose)
  • Sep 24 Richard Hoggart, author/warden (Goldsmith's College London)
  • Sep 26 Humphrey van Loo, Dutch news director (ANP/Reuter)
  • Sep 27 Malcolm Shepherd [2nd Baron Shepherd], Politician (L) and Leader of the House of Lords (1974-76), born in Blackburn, Lancashire (d. 2001)
  • Sep 27 Martin Ryle, Britain, radio astronomer/astronomer royal (1972-82)
  • Sep 30 Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • Oct 4 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • Oct 7 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • Oct 9 E Howard Hunt, Hamburg NY, involved in Watergate break-in
  • Oct 10 Jean Gimpel, author/iconoclast
  • Oct 10 Jigal Allon, Israeli politician
  • Oct 14 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • Oct 16 Bill Nichols, (Rep-D-AL, 1967- )
  • Oct 18 James Cameron Tudor, politician
  • Oct 18 Konstantinos Mitsottakis, premier of Greece (1990- )
  • Oct 18 Willem J "Molly" Geertsema, Dutch liberal/interior minister)
  • Oct 19 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • Oct 19 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor
  • Oct 20 Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)
  • Oct 27 Paul Dixon, Earling Iowa, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show)
  • Oct 29 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (d. 2007)

Weddings in History

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Deaths in History

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