1918 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 265 of 265

  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire disolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army Gen Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WW I: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Nov 7 United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed
  • Nov 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd
  • Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year
  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
  • Nov 9 Bavaria proclaims itself a republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Nov 9 Republic Germany proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands
  • Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Pilsudski
  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence
  • Nov 11 Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect, WW I hostilities end at 11.00 am
  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Pilsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro
  • Dec 1 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • Dec 1 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • Dec 1 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 4 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st President to travel outside US while in office

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • Dec 9 French troops occupies Mainz
  • Dec 13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
  • Dec 14 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • Dec 14 Sinn Fein candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • Dec 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting
  • Dec 16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • Dec 17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • Dec 19 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
  • Dec 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • Dec 26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • Dec 27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 237 of 237

  • Oct 31 Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • Nov 3 Russell B Long, (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86)
  • Nov 3 Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7 Billy Graham, American Baptist evangelist (Crusades), born in Charlotte, North Carolina

Evangelist Billy Graham
Billy Graham
  • Nov 7 Paul Aussaresses, French general
  • Nov 8 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer ( Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • Nov 9 Spiro Theodore Agnew, (R) 39th VP (1968-75), resigns on tax evasion charges
  • Nov 9 Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)
  • Nov 9 Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)
  • Nov 10 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973)
  • Nov 18 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero (d. 2007)
  • Nov 19 Catherine Elizabeth Pennington, personal assistant
  • Nov 19 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Utrecht the Netherlands, Dutch astronomer who correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space
  • Nov 22 Claiborne Pell, (Sen-D-RI, 1961- )
  • Nov 26 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • Nov 29 Madeleine L'Engle, [Franklin], US, sci-fi author (Ilsa, Love Letters)
  • Dec 1 Kirby Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 1 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, first President of the United Arab Emirates, born in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • Dec 3 Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
  • Dec 6 Granville James Leveson Gower, land owner
  • Dec 6 Harold Horace Hopkins, inventor (Endoscope)
  • Dec 6 Peter A Juten, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • Dec 6 Willem Oosterheers, resistance fighter
  • Dec 9 Jerome Beatty Jr., American author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 11 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Kislovodsk, Russia, writer (Cancer Ward, Nobel 1970), (d. 2008)

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Dec 12 Nilda Pinto, [NM Geerdink-Jesurun P], Curacao writer (Nanzi)
  • Dec 14 James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994)
  • Dec 14 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate
  • Dec 16 Henry Clarke, fashion photographer
  • Dec 21 Donald Regan, White House staffer/US Secretary of Treasury (1981-85)
  • Dec 21 Kurt Waldheim, Austrian 4th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1972-81) and 9th President of Austria (1986-92), born in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria (d. 2007)
  • Dec 23 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • Dec 25 Anwar el-Sadat, Egyptian Pres (1970-81, Nobel 1978)
  • Dec 25 Ahmed Ben Bella, Maghnia, Algeria, politician, first President of Algeria, (d. 2012)
  • Dec 26 George Rallis, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2006)
  • Dec 27 John Celardo, American comic strip artist
  • Dec 30 W Eugene Smith, US photographer (Saipan, Walk to Paradise Garden)

Weddings in History

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Deaths in History

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