April 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 3 Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • Apr 5 Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
  • Apr 5 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • Apr 6 Bavaria proclaims itself a soviet republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Apr 7 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
  • Apr 10 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
  • Apr 11 The International Labour Organization is founded.
  • Apr 12 British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
  • Apr 13 British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350
  • Apr 13 The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • Apr 14 Following Gandhi's nonviolent methods, Muslim and Hindu protest British rule; British troops fire on the crowds, killing 400
  • Apr 19 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • Apr 19 Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
  • Apr 20 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • Apr 20 King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
  • Apr 28 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • Apr 2 Antoon J Hubben, Dutch mayor (Maasbree)/trade union leader
  • Apr 2 Ian Hunter, impresario
  • Apr 3 Duke of Grafton, 11th Duke of Grafton, Born in Cape Town (d. 2011)
  • Apr 5 Douglas Henley, British auditor-general
  • Apr 5 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), born in Gisbourne (d. 2015)
  • Apr 8 [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-..)
  • Apr 9 John Presper Eckert, co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC)
  • Apr 11 Hugh Carey, American politician and attorney (Gov-D-NY), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2011)
  • Apr 11 Sir Raymond Carr, English historian and warden (St Antony's College Oxford), born in Bath, Somerset
  • Apr 12 Lady Ricketts, CEO (National Association of Citizens' Advice Bureaux)
  • Apr 12 Maurice Girodias, French publisher
  • Apr 12 Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero
  • Apr 13 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist who opposed prayer in school and was murdered in 1995, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Roland Gaucher, French journalist
  • Apr 15 Clive Beadon, British RAF Wing Commander and pilot (WWII), born in Conoor near Poona, India (d. 1996)
  • Apr 15 Elizabeth Catelett, sculptor/lithographer
  • Apr 15 Meriol Trevor, novelist/biographer (Civil Prisoners)
  • Apr 16 Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)
  • Apr 16 Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
  • Apr 17 Gilles Lamontagne, French Canadian politician
  • Apr 20 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (d. 1943)
  • Apr 21 Franc [Franklin E] Essed, Suriname agricultural eng, Oper Grasshopper)
  • Apr 22 Donald Cram, American biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • Apr 23 Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet double-agent
  • Apr 27 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), born in Coventry, England (d. 1997)
  • Apr 30 Valeer [Valerius V] van Kerkhove, Flemish writer/producer

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 William Crookes, English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86
  • Apr 8 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, dies at 70 (b. 1848)
  • Apr 10 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican leader, murdered at 39