August 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Aug 4 The Communist Bela Kun comes to power in Hungary
  • Aug 6 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • Aug 6 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • Aug 8 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • Aug 10 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • Aug 13 Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
  • Aug 14 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
  • Aug 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • Aug 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • Aug 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • Aug 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • Aug 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • Aug 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • Aug 31 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Stanley Middleton, Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men)
  • Aug 2 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Aug 7 John Hogan, Lowes, Kentucky, chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), (d. 2012)
  • Aug 8 Dino De Laurentiis, Torre Annunziata Italy, producer (King Kong)
  • Aug 9 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Dutch Premier (PVDA, 1973-77)
  • Aug 10 Elizabeth Thomas, literary consultant
  • Aug 10 Sacha Vierny, French cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • Aug 12 Michael Kidd, [Milton Greenwald] choreographer (7 Brides for 7 Bros)
  • Aug 12 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • Aug 12 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • Aug 13 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • Aug 15 Benedict Kiely, Irish author
  • Aug 18 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Malcolm Forbes, publisher (Forbes Magazine), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Malcolm Forbes
  • Aug 22 Earl Cathcart, British major-general
  • Aug 22 Leo Pliatzky, senior civil servant
  • Aug 23 Robert Crichton-Brown, CEO (Rothmans International)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 25 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, born in Clio, Alabama (d. 1998)

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • Aug 27 John Cox, Flemish/US painter/dir (Museum of Fine Physician, Boston)
  • Aug 27 Lord Dormand, of Eastington, British MP (Labour)
  • Aug 28 Ernest H Martin, [Markowitz], producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line)
  • Aug 30 Maurice R. Hilleman, Miles City Montana, American Microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia
  • Aug 31 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author (d. 2005)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 9 Ernst Haeckel, German philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 11 Andrew Carnegie, US steel industrialist/philanthropist, dies of bronchial pneumonia at 83

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • Aug 18 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (b. 1841)
  • Aug 27 Louis Botha, South African soldier/statesman, dies at 56
  • Aug 30 Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), dies