January 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jan 2 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
  • Jan 2 Lithuania gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 3 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • Jan 5 National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party
  • Jan 5 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • Jan 7 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • Jan 11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • Jan 11 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • Jan 15 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
  • Jan 15 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
  • Jan 15 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Jan 15 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • Jan 16 Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of US states; Nebraska is 36th
  • Jan 18 Bentley Motors Limited is founded
  • Jan 18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opened to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WW1)
  • Jan 19 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • Jan 21 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • Jan 25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • Jan 30 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • Jan 31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising

Birthdays in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1 J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, novelist (Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York

Novelist J. D. Salinger
J. D. Salinger
  • Jan 4 Al "Jazbo" Collins, DJ (Tonight! America After Dark), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 4 Havelock Henry Trevor Hudson, underwriter (Lloyd's of London)
  • Jan 5 Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist (d. 1992)
  • Jan 14 Giulio Andreotti, 7 x premier (Italy), (d. 2013)
  • Jan 23 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 Nora Beloff, journalist/author
  • Jan 25 Patricia Louise Dalton, chair (Sherlock Holmes Society of London)
  • Jan 27 David Seville, [Ross Bagdasarian], (Alvin & Chipmunks), born in Fresno, California
  • Jan 27 H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
  • Jan 29 Norman F Simpson, British playwright (One Way Pendulum)
  • Jan 30 Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet (d. 1979)
  • Jan 31 Robert Lowry, Baron Lowry. Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland and a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 William W Campbell, Canadian poet (Ian of the Orcades), dies at 60
  • Jan 1 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • Jan 4 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1843)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 6 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), dies in NY at 60

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jan 6 Max Heindel, Danish astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)
  • Jan 8 Peter Altenberg, writer, dies at 59
  • Jan 15 Karl Liebknecht, Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist revolutionary, murdered
  • Jan 16 Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • Jan 18 John C F, son of English king George V, dies at 13
  • Jan 21 Gojong of Joseon, Emperor of Korea (b. 1852)
  • Jan 27 Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
  • Jan 30 Sam Steele, Canadian soldier, dies from influenza at 71
  • Jan 31 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79