March 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • Mar 2 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • Mar 3 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • Mar 3 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • Mar 11 General strike in Germany crushed
  • Mar 12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 15 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • Mar 16 Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
  • Mar 17 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • Mar 18 Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Literary Magazine "Littérature", edited by André Breton, Philippe Soupault, and Louis Aragon publishes its first issue

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • Mar 23 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Mar 25 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 30 Belgian Army occupies Düsseldorf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 30 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 31 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 6 Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • Mar 7 Jocelyn Olaf Hambro, financier
  • Mar 7 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Jakarta)
  • Mar 14 Max Shulman, novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap)
  • Mar 18 Christopher Challis, British cinematographer
  • Mar 19 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist
  • Mar 23 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
  • Mar 23 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • Mar 24 Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), born in Bronxville, New York
  • Mar 24 John J Duncan Jr, (Rep-R-TN, 1965- )
  • Mar 24 Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005
  • Mar 27 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Mar 30 McGeorge Bundy, national security adviser (JFK), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (b. 1812)
  • Mar 10 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer (Remember the Alamo), dies at 87