May 1919 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
  • May 3 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • May 4 Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
  • May 4 Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
  • May 6 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; Ger E Africa is assigned to Britain & France, German SW Africa to South Africa
  • May 7 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • May 8 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane
  • May 8 Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
  • May 10 Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed
  • May 12 Yanks & Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
  • May 12 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • May 14 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
  • May 17 War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 20 Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 A. E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • May 26 The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
  • May 27 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
  • May 28 Armenia declares its Independence
  • May 29 Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • May 29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
  • May 29 An expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London observes a total eclipse of the sun in the Gulf of Guinea, off the African continent
  • May 31 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Alwyn Farquharson, Scottish clan-captain/large landowner
  • May 3 John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (d. 2004)
  • May 5 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (d. 1999)
  • May 6 Frank Ereaut, Balliff of Jersey
  • May 10 Ella Grasso, (Gov-D-Ct)
  • May 10 Louis Sen A Kaw, Surinam dam builder
  • May 14 Heloise Bowles, columnist Heloise's mother (Hints from Heloise)
  • May 14 Maarten Vrolijk, Dutch soc-dem party minister (CRM 1965-66)
  • May 14 Solange Chaput-Rolland, French-Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2001)
  • May 14 John Hope, American meteorologist (d. 2002)
  • May 16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • May 16 Ramon Margalef, Spanish scientist (d. 2004)
  • May 17 Merle Miller, American biographer (d. 1986)
  • May 18 Margot Fonteyn, Surrey England, prima ballerina (Giselle)
  • May 19 Mitja Ribičič, Trieste, Italy, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1969-71), (d. 2013)
  • May 21 Lord Maxwell, senator/prof (college of Justice Scotland)
  • May 21 Mark Wood, bishop (Ludlow)
  • May 22 Paul Vanden Boeynants, premier Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79)
  • May 23 Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
  • May 24 Sid Couchey, comic book artist (Richie Rich), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • May 26 Peter Malcolm Gordon Raleigh, journalist
  • May 28 Charles John Robert Manners, 10th Duke of Rutland, British land owner/multimillionaire
  • May 28 John Eldridge, CEO (Matthews Wrightmson)
  • May 30 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)

Weddings in History

  • May 31 1st wedding held in an aircraft (over Houston, Texas)

Deaths in History

  • May 2 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies
  • May 4 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • May 6 Frank Lyman Baum, author (Wizard of Oz), dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 14 Henry John Heinz, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company, dies at 74

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz
  • May 17 Guido von List, German occult author (b. 1848)
  • May 20 Jacob Verdam, philosopher, dies
  • May 21 Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French ship's doctor/writer, dies
  • May 21 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
  • May 24 Amado Nervo, [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican poet, dies at 48

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 25 Madame C. J. Walker, wealthy cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 51

Cosmetics Mogul Madame C. J. Walker
Cosmetics Mogul
Madame C. J. Walker
  • May 27 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social activist (b. 1848)
  • May 29 Robert Bacon, American politician (b. 1860)