October 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • Oct 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • Oct 7 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • Oct 7 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • Oct 10 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 11 First transcontinental air race ends
  • Oct 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
  • Oct 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
  • Oct 19 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman - Anna Howard Shaw
  • Oct 26 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres in Queen's Hall London
  • Oct 26 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
  • Oct 27 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • Oct 28 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Geoffrey Luttrell, Lord-Lt of Somerset
  • Oct 3 Boyd Bradfield Upchurch, [John Boyd], US, sci-fi author (IQ Merchant)
  • Oct 3 James M. Buchanan, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Luis H P Daal, Antillean literary
  • Oct 7 George Duby, historian
  • Oct 7 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • Oct 8 Kiichi Miyazawa, premier Japan (1991-93)
  • Oct 12 Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • Oct 14 Edward L Feightner, US rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands)
  • Oct 15 Edwin C Tubb, Brits sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall)
  • Oct 15 Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head (MI5)
  • Oct 15 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 18 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • Oct 18 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 20 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • Oct 21 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • Oct 21 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • Oct 22 Doris Lessing, Kermanshah Iran, novelist (Golden Notebook), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 22 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • Oct 23 Manolis Andronicos, Bursa, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece
  • Oct 24 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 25 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (1941-79), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 26 Edward W. Brooke, 1st African American senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2015)

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • Oct 31 Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models

Deaths in History

  • Oct 7 Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
  • Oct 8 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la Robe), dies
  • Oct 13 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • Oct 14 Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
  • Oct 22 Bruce F Cummings, English author (Enjoying Life), dies at 30
  • Oct 27 Theodoor H de Meester, premier (1905-08), dies
  • Oct 29 Soen Shaku, Zen abbot of Engakuji monastery in Kamakura, dies at 60
  • Oct 29 A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)