1919 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 244

  • May 27 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
  • May 28 Armenia declares its Independence
  • May 29 Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • May 29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
  • May 29 An expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London observes a total eclipse of the sun in the Gulf of Guinea, off the African continent
  • May 31 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
  • Jun 1 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • Jun 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)
  • Jun 3 Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
  • Jun 4 US Congress passes the Women's Suffrage Bill, the 19th Amendment
  • Jun 4 US marines invade Costa Rica
  • Jun 6 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
  • Jun 6 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • Jun 6 The Republic of Prekmurje ends.
  • Jun 7 Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • Jun 9 General steel strike in France
  • Jun 9 Red Army captures Ufa
  • Jun 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • Jun 14 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland
  • Jun 15 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
  • Jun 19 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • Jun 20 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • Jun 20 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • Jun 20 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • Jun 21 Bauer forms German government
  • Jun 21 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands
  • Jun 23 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates
  • Jun 23 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • Jun 25 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • Jun 25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • Jun 26 NY Daily News begins publishing
  • Jun 28 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • Jul 1 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • Jul 6 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 8 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jul 10 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
  • Jul 10 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
  • Jul 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
  • Jul 13 Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
  • Jul 17 Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 17 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • Jul 19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • Jul 21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg & Amsterdam
  • Jul 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
  • Jul 22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • Aug 1 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Aug 4 The Communist Bela Kun comes to power in Hungary
  • Aug 6 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • Aug 6 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • Aug 8 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • Aug 10 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • Aug 13 Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
  • Aug 14 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
  • Aug 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • Aug 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • Aug 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • Aug 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • Aug 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • Aug 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • Aug 31 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
  • Sep 1 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles" premieres in Munich
  • Sep 2 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 2 Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
  • Sep 3 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
  • Sep 4 British intervene in Petrograd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Sep 9 Boston's police force strikes
  • Sep 10 Indian's Ray Caldwell no-hits Yankees 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 NYC welcomes home Gen John J Pershing & 25,000 WW I soldiers

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Sep 10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • Sep 10 China becomes member of League of Nations
  • Sep 11 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • Sep 12 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 13 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 14 British regime forbids Sinn Fein Dáil
  • Sep 16 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • Sep 16 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
  • Sep 18 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • Sep 18 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drown 280 along Gulf Coast
  • Sep 20 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • Sep 25 US president Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers
  • Sep 27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • Sep 27 Democratic National Committee votes to allow female members
  • Sep 30 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 30 Race riot at Elaine Arkansas
  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth
  • Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 224

  • Jun 21 Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect
  • Jun 23 Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • Jun 26 Lord Rawlinson, British attorney general (Ewell)
  • Jun 29 Lloyd Richards, American director (d. 2006)
  • Jun 30 Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
  • Jul 1 Hans Bender, German poet
  • Jul 2 Jean Craighead George, American writer
  • Jul 7 William Moses Kunstler, defense attorney (Chicago 8)
  • Jul 8 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 9 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper
  • Jul 15 Iris Murdoch, novelist (Severed Head, Unicorn), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jul 16 Charles Graham, lord-lt of Cumbria UK
  • Jul 16 Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Robert Pinget, novelist/playwright

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 20 Edmund Hillary, Explorer and Mountaineer (1st to scale Mt Everest with Tenzing Norgay), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2008)

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
  • Jul 24 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice (d. 1999)
  • Jul 25 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha/Muchila)
  • Jul 26 James Lovelock, scientist
  • Jul 26 Kenneth Snowman, antiquarian
  • Jul 29 Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • Jul 30 Berniece Baker Miracle, half-sister of Marilyn Monroe
  • Jul 31 Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Aushchwitz)
  • Aug 1 Stanley Middleton, Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men)
  • Aug 2 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Aug 7 John Hogan, Lowes, Kentucky, chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), (d. 2012)
  • Aug 8 Dino De Laurentiis, Torre Annunziata Italy, producer (King Kong)
  • Aug 9 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Dutch Premier (PVDA, 1973-77)
  • Aug 10 Elizabeth Thomas, literary consultant
  • Aug 10 Sacha Vierny, French cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • Aug 12 Michael Kidd, [Milton Greenwald] choreographer (7 Brides for 7 Bros)
  • Aug 12 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • Aug 12 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • Aug 13 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • Aug 15 Benedict Kiely, Irish author
  • Aug 18 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Malcolm Forbes, publisher (Forbes Magazine), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Malcolm Forbes
  • Aug 22 Earl Cathcart, British major-general
  • Aug 22 Leo Pliatzky, senior civil servant
  • Aug 23 Robert Crichton-Brown, CEO (Rothmans International)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 25 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, born in Clio, Alabama (d. 1998)

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • Aug 27 John Cox, Flemish/US painter/dir (Museum of Fine Physician, Boston)
  • Aug 27 Lord Dormand, of Eastington, British MP (Labour)
  • Aug 28 Ernest H Martin, [Markowitz], producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line)
  • Aug 30 Maurice R. Hilleman, Miles City Montana, American Microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia
  • Aug 31 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author (d. 2005)
  • Sep 1 Roy John Britten, Washington, molecular biologist (repeated DNA sequences in eukaryotic genomes), (d. 2012)
  • Sep 6 Wilson Greatbatch, American Inventor
  • Sep 8 Richard Pool, naval Officer
  • Sep 8 Gianni Brera, (Giovanni Luigi Brera), Italian journalist and writer (d. 1992)
  • Sep 9 Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
  • Sep 10 John Noorda, resistance fighter
  • Sep 13 Mary Midgley, American philosopher
  • Sep 13 George Weidenfeld, British Publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • Sep 15 Fausto Coppi, Italian bicylist (world record 45,798 km)
  • Sep 16 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian born educator and writer (d. 1990)
  • Sep 19 Harry Shorto, linguist
  • Sep 21 Aya Zikken, author (Atlasvlinder, Rameh)
  • Sep 21 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist
  • Sep 21 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar (d. 1988)
  • Sep 26 Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
  • Sep 27 Charles H Percy, (Sen-R-Ill)
  • Sep 27 Jayne Meadows, Wu Chang China, Mrs Steve Allen, actress (Dark Delusion)
  • Sep 27 James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • Sep 28 Lenn Hjortzberg, Karlskrona Sweden, director (Persona, Devil's Eye)
  • Oct 2 Geoffrey Luttrell, Lord-Lt of Somerset
  • Oct 3 Boyd Bradfield Upchurch, [John Boyd], US, sci-fi author (IQ Merchant)
  • Oct 3 James M. Buchanan, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Luis H P Daal, Antillean literary
  • Oct 7 George Duby, historian
  • Oct 7 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • Oct 8 Kiichi Miyazawa, premier Japan (1991-93)
  • Oct 12 Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • Oct 14 Edward L Feightner, US rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands)
  • Oct 15 Edwin C Tubb, Brits sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall)
  • Oct 15 Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head (MI5)
  • Oct 15 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 18 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • Oct 18 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 20 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • Oct 21 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • Oct 21 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • Oct 22 Doris Lessing, Kermanshah Iran, novelist (Golden Notebook), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 22 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • Oct 23 Manolis Andronicos, Bursa, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece
  • Oct 24 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 25 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (1941-79), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 26 Edward W. Brooke, 1st African American senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2015)

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • Oct 31 Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • Nov 2 Jorge de Sena, Portuguese engineer/poet (Reino da Estupidez)
  • Nov 3 Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (d. 1995)
  • Nov 5 Myron Floren, Webster SD, accordionist (Lawrence Welk Show)
  • Nov 5 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher (d. 1978)
  • Nov 8 P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000)
  • Nov 10 Moise Tshombe, President of Katanga, then premier of the Congo (Zaire)
  • Nov 10 Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, Russian inventor (AK-47), (d. 2013)
  • Nov 11 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (d. 2000)
  • Nov 15 Joseph Albert Wapner, La, judge (People's Court)

Weddings in History

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Divorces in History

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Deaths in History

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