1920 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 230

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected president of France
  • Jan 17 First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 26 Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University.
  • Feb 1 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off (lasts 1½ months)
  • Feb 6 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7 Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8 Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 10 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
  • Feb 13 Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
  • Feb 14 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • Feb 21 Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
  • Feb 22 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • Feb 28 Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres
  • Feb 29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • Mar 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
  • Mar 1 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2 Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • Mar 18 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • Mar 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 20 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Mar 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • Mar 25 Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Mar 28 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • Mar 28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks/Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
  • Apr 1 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 13 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Apr 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
  • Apr 23 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • Apr 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 30 The British Government ends military conscription
  • May 1 Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • May 5 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • May 5 Polish troops occupy Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • May 5 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested on charges and robbery of a paymaster at a shoe factory in Massachusetts, US - the two men will executed
  • May 7 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • May 14 Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • May 16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • May 17 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • May 17 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • May 20 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
  • May 21 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • May 23 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • May 27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 320

  • Jan 1 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Jan 2 Duke of Devonshire, English large landowner/art collector

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 2 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), born in Petrovichi, Russia (d. 1992)

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • Jan 2 Penelope Jessel, politcal activist
  • Jan 2 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • Jan 4 Benito Perez Galdos, Spanish writer (Fortunata y Jacinta)
  • Jan 4 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • Jan 6 Sun Myung Moon, evangelist (Unification Church-Moonies), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 6 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
  • Jan 7 Albert Meltzer, anarchist
  • Jan 7 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer/Industrialist
  • Jan 8 Hendrikus J Wittebold, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Jan 9 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • Jan 9 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • Jan 11 John Powell, campaigner
  • Jan 12 James Farmer, Marshall, Tex, civil rights leader
  • Jan 12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist
  • Jan 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 15 John Junor, British editor in chief (Sunday Express)
  • Jan 17 Nora Kaye, American prima ballerina, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • Jan 20 Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
  • Jan 20 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
  • Jan 20 Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )
  • Jan 21 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • Jan 22 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • Jan 23 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • Jan 26 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • Jan 28 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Jan 29 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • Jan 29 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • Jan 30 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • Jan 31 Stewart L Udall, St Johns Ariz, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69)
  • Feb 1 Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
  • Feb 2 An Wang, founder (Wang Labs, Wang Computers)
  • Feb 3 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • Feb 3 George A. Miller, Charleston, West Virginia, cognitive psychologist (the magical number seven), (d. 2012)
  • Feb 4 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 6 James H Scheuer, (Rep-D-NY, 1965-73, 75- )
  • Feb 10 Alexander Comfort, English poet/writer (Wreath for the Living)
  • Feb 10 J Heslop-Harrison, botanist
  • Feb 11 Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, US, sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
  • Feb 11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • Feb 11 Paul Peter Piech, artist
  • Feb 12 William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
  • Feb 14 Arnold Elton, consultant surgeon
  • Feb 15 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Devil Sails to US, Niggers)
  • Feb 15 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • Feb 15 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • Feb 16 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • Feb 16 Anna Mae Hays, American army general
  • Feb 17 Colin Franklin, doctor
  • Feb 17 Trevor Oswald Ling, religious studies professor
  • Feb 18 Bill Cullen, Pitts, TV game show host (over 20 different games)
  • Feb 19 Frances K Bairstow, educator/labor relations consultant
  • Feb 19 C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003)
  • Feb 19 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • Feb 20 Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
  • Feb 23 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Feb 23 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • Feb 23 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • Feb 24 Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)
  • Feb 25 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless (d. 2000)
  • Feb 25 Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
  • Feb 26 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • Feb 27 David Vere Bendall, former diplomat
  • Feb 28 Jim Olin, (Rep-D-VA, 1983- )
  • Feb 28 Marjorie M Sweeting, English geomorphologist
  • Feb 29 Louise Wood, director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)
  • Feb 29 Ivan Petrov, Russian operatic bass (d. 2003)
  • Mar 1 Howard Nemerov, US, 3rd US poet laureate/novelist (Blue Swallows)
  • Mar 4 Marcella Grady Jennings, rancher
  • Mar 4 Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • Mar 5 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89 ), born in Weston, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Mar 5 Leontine Tg Kelly, 1st African American female bishop (Methodist)
  • Mar 5 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • Mar 10 Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 D J Enright, England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
  • Mar 11 Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)
  • Mar 11 Kenneth Dover, chancellor (St Andrews University)
  • Mar 13 Frans van der Elst, Flemish attorney/MP (Volksunie)
  • Mar 14 Hank Ketcham, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)
  • Mar 15 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • Mar 15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 16 Traudl Junge, Hitler's secretary (d. 2002)
  • Mar 16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • Mar 16 Sid Fleischman, American author
  • Mar 18 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • Mar 19 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • Mar 20 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
  • Mar 23 Neal Smith, (Rep-D-IA, 1959- )
  • Mar 26 George E Brown Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73- )
  • Mar 27 Robin Jacques, illustrator (d. 1995)
  • Mar 28 Gene Chappie, (Rep-R-CA, 1981-86)
  • Mar 28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator
  • Mar 29 John Belk, American head of Belk, Inc. (d. 2007)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 3 Novelist and short story writer Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 3 Author F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Fitzgerald (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 6 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger (32) weds Annemarie Bertel

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 21 Future UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (26) weds daughter of the 9th Duke of Devonshire Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (19) at St. Margaret's, Westminster

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 5 Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop (27) weds Anna Elisabeth Henkell

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 27 Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies (25) weds Pattie Maie Leckie (21) at Kew Presbyterian Church in Melbourne, Australia

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
  • Jan 4 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (b. 1843)
  • Jan 7 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • Jan 14 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)
  • Jan 25 Amadeo Modigliani, Italian sculptor/painter, dies at 35
  • Jan 26 Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered
  • Feb 7 Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • Feb 7 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)
  • Feb 8 Richard Dehmel, writer, dies at 56
  • Feb 12 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • Feb 12 Ottalee Baker, Frank "Home Run" Baker's wife, dies at 31
  • Feb 20 Robert E Peary, US pole explorer (North Pole, 6/4/1909), dies at 63
  • Feb 21 Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910)
  • Feb 25 Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician, dies at 73
  • Feb 26 Ludwig Rubiner, writer, dies at 38
  • Feb 27 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romanian historian, dies at 72
  • Mar 1 Joseph Trumpeldor, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • Mar 1 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (b. 1842)
  • Mar 3 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (b. 1840)
  • Mar 8 Rafael Obligado, Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • Mar 11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • Mar 20 Venustiano Carranza, president Mexico (1915-20), murdered at 60
  • Mar 21 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (Torre, Tre Croci), dies at 37
  • Mar 26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • Mar 27 Johan G Danser, Dutch poet (Meetings), dies at 26
  • Apr 7 Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • Apr 10 Moritz B Cantor, German mathematician, dies at 90
  • Apr 10 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • Apr 15 Jacob van Stolk Azn, art collector, dies at 74
  • Apr 26 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (b. 1887)
  • Apr 29 William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)
  • May 10 John Wesley Hyatt, inventor/plastics pioneer, dies
  • May 11 William D Howells, US author (A Woman's Reason), dies at 83
  • May 16 Levi P. Morton, United States Vice President under Benjamin Harrision (b. 1824)
  • May 21 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican President (1917-1920), executed by army generals after his decision that the next President be a civilian (61)
  • May 23 Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
  • Jun 5 Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • Jun 13 Essad Pasja, Albanian military man/minister, murdered at peace confer
  • Jun 14 Max Weber, German sociologist/economist/historian, dies
  • Jun 20 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • Jun 30 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), commits suicide at 38
  • Jul 2 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
  • Jul 5 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor, dies at 63
  • Jul 10 Eugenie M de Montijo y de Guzman, Emperor of France, dies at 94
  • Jul 10 John A "Jacky" Kilverston, adm/designer (dreadnought), dies at 79
  • Jul 10 Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • Jul 22 William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
  • Jul 23 Conrad Kohrs, German-born rancher (b. 1835)
  • Aug 1 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian hindu leader, dies
  • Aug 2 Ormer Locklear, American stunt pilot (b. 1891)
  • Aug 6 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
  • Aug 10 Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (b. 1835)
  • Aug 16 J Norman Lockyer, English physicist (discovered helium in Sun), dies
  • Aug 22 Anders Zorn, Swedish painter (Gustavus Vasa), dies at 60
  • Aug 31 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • Sep 7 Simon-Napoléon Parent, politician, premier of the province of Quebec (b. 1855)
  • Sep 16 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Polar History), dies at 32
  • Oct 13 Isaac Capadose, lawyer/evangelist, dies at 86
  • Oct 25 Alexander, king of Greece (1917-20), dies after ape bite at 27
  • Oct 31 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
  • Nov 2 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburgs coal basin), dies at 73
  • Nov 8 Abraham Kuyper, clergyman/Dutch premier (AR 1908-12), dies at 83
  • Nov 8 Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • Nov 22 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884)
  • Nov 23 Mohammed ibn Addoellah, Somalian resistances leader "Mad Molla", dies
  • Dec 10 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturing pioneer (b. 1868)
  • Dec 12 Olive Schreiner, South Afr writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
  • Dec 16 Ma, the Benovelent, Chinese muslim rebel (holy war), dies
  • Dec 31 Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 43