January 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations (Paris)
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected president of France
  • Jan 17 First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 19 US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 26 Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Jan 2 Duke of Devonshire, English large landowner/art collector

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 2 Isaac Asimov, Russia, scientist/writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy)

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • Jan 2 Penelope Jessel, politcal activist
  • Jan 2 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • Jan 4 Benito Perez Galdos, Spanish writer (Fortunata y Jacinta)
  • Jan 4 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • Jan 6 Sun Myung Moon, evangelist (Unification Church-Moonies), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 6 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
  • Jan 7 Albert Meltzer, anarchist
  • Jan 7 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer/Industrialist
  • Jan 8 Hendrikus J Wittebold, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Jan 9 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • Jan 9 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • Jan 11 John Powell, campaigner
  • Jan 12 James Farmer, Marshall, Tex, civil rights leader
  • Jan 12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist
  • Jan 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 15 John Junor, British editor in chief (Sunday Express)
  • Jan 17 Nora Kaye, prima ballerina, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • Jan 20 Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
  • Jan 20 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
  • Jan 20 Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )
  • Jan 21 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • Jan 22 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • Jan 23 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • Jan 26 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • Jan 28 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Jan 29 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • Jan 29 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • Jan 30 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • Jan 31 Stewart L Udall, St Johns Ariz, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
  • Jan 4 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (b. 1843)
  • Jan 7 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • Jan 14 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)
  • Jan 25 Amadeo Modigliani, Italian sculptor/painter, dies at 35
  • Jan 26 Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered