1921 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 206

  • Jan 2 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • Jan 2 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • Jan 3 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
  • Jan 4 Eugene O'Neill's "Diff'rent" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 6 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • Jan 16 Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece (4th time)
  • Jan 18 William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
  • Jan 20 British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sank with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
  • Jan 20 Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
  • Jan 20 Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
  • Jan 20 Republic of Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire
  • Jan 21 The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
  • Jan 25 Karel Capék's "RUR" premieres in Prague
  • Jan 29 Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon
  • Jan 30 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • Feb 5 Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium
  • Feb 11 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
  • Feb 12 Soviet troops invade Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 12 Winston Churchill becomes British Minister of Colonies

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 14 Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
  • Feb 14 Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," NY
  • Feb 17 Arthur Honegger's "Pastorale D'ete" premieres
  • Feb 18 British troops occupy Dublin
  • Feb 20 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
  • Feb 21 Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia adopts the country's first constitution
  • Feb 21 The London Conference on the Near East begins: the issue is the Allies' 1920 Treaty of Sevres, which had given part of Turkish Asia Minor to Greece
  • Feb 23 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
  • Feb 24 1st transcontinental flight in 24 hrs flying time arrives Florida
  • Feb 25 Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
  • Feb 25 The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned king of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China
  • Feb 26 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan
  • Feb 27 US Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard; US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Feb 27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
  • Feb 27 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy
  • Mar 1 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • Mar 1 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • Mar 3 Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
  • Mar 3 The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, established by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibits Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast
  • Mar 4 Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Mar 5 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • Mar 5 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • Mar 6 Police in Sunbury, Penn, issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee
  • Mar 6 The Natal Indian Congress is resuscitated and reorganised at a meeting in Durban, with Ismail Gora as President

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt naval base

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Mar 8 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • Mar 13 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
  • Mar 16 Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement
  • Mar 17 Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic (London)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Mar 17 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
  • Mar 17 The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
  • Mar 18 2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged
  • Mar 18 Steamer "Hong Koh" runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000
  • Mar 19 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.
  • Mar 20 Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
  • Mar 23 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • Mar 31 British coal miners goes on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new "Theory of Relativity"

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Apr 7 Revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China at Canton, though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords
  • Apr 11 Iowa imposed 1st state cigarette tax
  • Apr 11 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • Apr 11 The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
  • Apr 13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • Apr 14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • Apr 15 Black Friday in Britain: leaders of transport and rail unions announce a decision not to call for strike action in support of the miners; despite widespread feeling decision a breach of solidarity and a betrayal of the miners
  • Apr 16 Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague
  • Apr 18 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • Apr 18 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • Apr 23 Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
  • Apr 24 1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium
  • Apr 24 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • Apr 27 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
  • Apr 30 American Professional Football Association reorganizes in Akron
  • Apr 30 Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
  • May 1 Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
  • May 2 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • May 3 West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
  • May 5 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • May 5 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)
  • May 8 Sweden abolished capital punishment
  • May 10 Luigi Pirandello's "Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore" premieres
  • May 11 Tel Aviv is 1st all Jewish municipality
  • May 11 The Allied Supreme Council warns Germany to pay reparations or the entire Ruhr Valley will be occupied; Germany agrees
  • May 12 National Hospital Day 1st observed
  • May 14 Florence Allen is 1st woman judge to sentence a man to death, Ohio

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 14 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • May 15 British Legion formed to care for ex-servicemen
  • May 17 Belgian and Luxembourg sign customs union
  • May 17 US President Harding opens (via telephone) 1st Valencia Orange Show
  • May 19 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
  • May 21 Oldest radio station west of Mississippi River licensed in Greeley Co
  • May 24 1st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
  • May 24 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter, leads 6 squadrons, and an artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at their annual gathering on the land of their leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • May 27 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
  • May 30 Lord Dunsany's "If" premieres in London
  • May 30 Memorial to Capt Eddie Grant, killed in WW I, unveiled at Polo Grounds
  • May 30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 272

  • Jan 1 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher (d. 1986)
  • Jan 5 Jean BMRLAAM d'Aviano, grand duke of Luxembourg (1964- )
  • Jan 5 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Konolfingen, Bern, Swiss playwright and novelist (The Physicists, The Visit)
  • Jan 6 Lou Harris, pollster (Lou Harris Poll)
  • Jan 8 Herta Bothe, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • Jan 13 Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
  • Jan 14 Charles Gaupp, German/Dutch painter
  • Jan 14 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (d. 2006)
  • Jan 16 Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • Jan 17 Antonio Prohias, Cuban cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • Jan 18 Robert Glaser, Providence, Rhode Island, educational psychologist (National Assessment of Educational Progress), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-born American Physicist (Nobel Prize 2008), born in Tokyo (d. 2015)
  • Jan 19 Patricia Highsmith, [Plangman], US/Swiss writer (Strangers on a Train)
  • Jan 19 "Billy Batts" Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
  • Jan 20 Bernt Engelmann, Germany, writer
  • Jan 21 Barney Clark, 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart
  • Jan 21 Howard Unruh, American mass murderer
  • Jan 24 Bernard J Dwyer, (Rep-D-NJ, 1981- )
  • Jan 25 Russell Reading Braddon, Australian author
  • Jan 26 Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)
  • Jan 26 Eddie Barclay, French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
  • Jan 27 Donna Reed, Denison Iowa, (From Here to Eternity, Wonderful Life)
  • Jan 31 E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 4 Betty Friedan, Peoria, Illinois, American feminist writer and feminist (Feminine Mystique)

  • Feb 6 Bob Scott [Robert], Ruby player (All Black, 1946-54), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2012)
  • Feb 7 Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk
  • Feb 9 Charles Montgomery Monteith, publisher
  • Feb 11 Lloyd Bentsen, (Sen-D-TX, 1971- )/1989 Dem VP nominee)
  • Feb 11 Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
  • Feb 13 Henk van Galen Last, Dutch journalist
  • Feb 13 Zao-Wou-Ki, Chinese/French painter/graphic artist
  • Feb 14 Albert Sloman, Vice-Chancellor (Essex U)
  • Feb 14 Hugh Downs, TV journalist (20/20, Concentration), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Feb 14 Skeezix, of "Gasoline Alley" discovered on Wallets' doorstep
  • Feb 15 Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (d. 1985)
  • Feb 16 Araucaria, British crossword compiler
  • Feb 16 Esther Bubley, Phillips, Wisconsin, American photographer
  • Feb 19 Andries Treurnicht, [Dr No], founder (South African Conservative Party)
  • Feb 20 Joseph Albert Walker, test pilot (X-15), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 20 Joseph A. Walker, WWII and NASA test pilot (1st spaceplane flights to edge of outerspace), born in Washington, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • Feb 22 Jean-Bedel Bokassa, dictator
  • Feb 22 Wayne Booth, American literary critic (d. 2005)
  • Feb 22 David Greene, British television director (d. 2003)
  • Feb 24 Ludvig Aschkenazy, writer
  • Feb 28 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • Mar 1 Richard Wilbur, 2nd US Poet Laureate (Ceremony, Walking to Sleep)
  • Mar 1 Terrence "Cardinal" Cooke, (NY)
  • Mar 5 Berkley Bedell, (Rep-D-IA, 1975- )
  • Mar 6 Oliver Wright, British Ambassador (To US)
  • Mar 6 Ross Hunter, producer (Airport, Madame X, Pillow Talk), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Mar 10 Paul Coates, columnist (Tonight! America After Dark), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 11 F[rancis] M[arion] Busby Jr, US, sci-fi author (Star Rebel)
  • Mar 11 Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)
  • Mar 12 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian CEO (Fiat Automakers)
  • Mar 12 Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator
  • Mar 12 Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (d. 2007)
  • Mar 13 Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)
  • Mar 14 S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A
  • Mar 15 Stafford Smythe, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1971)
  • Mar 16 Anne Truitt (born Anne Dean), Baltimore USA, American artist
  • Mar 16 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), born in Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd (d. 2005)
  • Mar 20 Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow, Senegal, director general (UNESCO)
  • Mar 21 Joe Sutter, American engineer and head of the Boeing 747 program, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2016)
  • Mar 22 Wilhelmus Norbert Schmelzer, Netherland, foreign minister (KVP)
  • Mar 23 Donald Malcome Campbell, Surrey UK, boat racer (1955 speed records)
  • Mar 23 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • Mar 23 Wolfgang Altendorfer, writer
  • Mar 24 Wilson Harris, Guayanese author
  • Mar 25 Simone Signoret, Weisbaden Germany, (Casque d'Or, Room at the Top)
  • Mar 25 Alexandra of Greece and Denmark, Queen of Yugoslavia (d. 1993)
  • Mar 26 George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)
  • Mar 26 Peter Horsley, CEO (Osprey Aviation)
  • Mar 27 Tom Bevill, (Rep-D-AL, 1967- )
  • Mar 29 Hugh Neill, Lord-Lieutenant (South Yorkshire)
  • Mar 30 Countess of Sutherland, English great land owner/multi-millionaire
  • Apr 4 Willem J "Wim" the Villiers, South African minister of Administration
  • Apr 5 Lady Fisher, founder (British Women Caring Trust)
  • Apr 6 Franta Belsky, British sculptor
  • Apr 6 Lord Moore of Wolvercote [Philip Brian Cecil Moore], Private Secretary to the Sovereign (UK)
  • Apr 9 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine,(d. 2015)
  • Apr 10 Peter Herbert Penwarden, priest
  • Apr 11 Martin Buckmaster, 3rd Viscount Buckmaster, British diplomat
  • Apr 12 Alfred Mabbs, British archivist (Public Records Office), born in London (d. 2009)
  • Apr 13 Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, industrialist
  • Apr 13 James Wilson, British Lt-General
  • Apr 13 Maxwell Henley Harris, Australian poet/publisher (Gift of Blood)
  • Apr 14 Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • Apr 15 Georgi Timofeyevich Beregovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 3)
  • Apr 17 Donald Barron, CEO (Midland Bank)
  • Apr 19 Glyn England, CEO (CEGB, Windcluster Ltd)
  • Apr 20 Donald Gunn MacRae, sociologist
  • Apr 25 Jean Mogin, Belgian poet
  • Apr 25 Karel Appel, painter (Vragende Children)
  • Apr 26 Harry Knutton, Maj-Gen/dir-general (London City & Guilds Institute)
  • Apr 26 Margaret Gowing, professor (history, science)
  • Apr 29 Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun)
  • Apr 30 Roger Easton, American scientist & inventor (GPS), born in Craftsbury, Vermont (d. 2014)
  • May 1 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • May 1 Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
  • May 2 Satyajit Ray, Calcutta India, director (Goddess, Adversary)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 16 Politician Elpidio Quirino (30) weds girlfriend Alicia Syquia

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 7 French president Charles de Gaulle (30) weds Yvonne Vendroux (20)

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 3 American author and journalist Ernest Hemingway (22) marries 1st wife Hadley Richardson (29)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Ger chancellor/PM (Prussia), dies at 64
  • Jan 7 Benno Erdmann, German philosopher (Logik I), dies at 69
  • Jan 18 Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor, dies at 73
  • Jan 22 Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)
  • Jan 27 Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)
  • Feb 4 Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter/illustrator, dies at 75
  • Feb 7 Peter Kropotkin, Russ Prince/geologist/revolut anarchist, dies at 78
  • Feb 8 Pjotr A Kropotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist, dies at 78
  • Feb 8 George Formby (Senior), English entertainer (b. 1876)
  • Feb 13 Willem P C Knuttel, Dutch bibliography/librarian, dies at 67
  • Feb 22 Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1864)
  • Feb 26 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • Mar 1 Nicholas Petrovic Njegos, King of Montenegro (1910-18), dies at 79
  • Mar 2 Champ Clark, American politician (b. 1850)
  • Mar 3 Petrus Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam museum), dies at 93
  • Mar 11 Sherburne W Burnham, US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83
  • Mar 21 "Big Jim" Colisimo, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone
  • Apr 11 Augusta Victoria, Queen of Prussia/wife of Emperor Wilhelm II, dies
  • May 5 Alfred H Fried, Austrian/German pacifist (Nobel 1911), dies
  • May 12 Emilia Pardo Bazan, Spanish writer (La sirena negra), dies
  • May 13 Jean Aicard, French poet and novelist (b. 1848)
  • May 22 Marie E Wilton, writer, dies
  • May 28 Geo Mestdagh, Belgian aviation pioneer, dies
  • Jun 4 Heinrich E Albers-Schoenberg, German x-ray experimenter, dies at 56
  • Jun 5 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (Chat and Poche), dies at 58
  • Jun 18 Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Uruguay writer (Nativa, Lanza y Sable), dies
  • Jun 18 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Kantkennis), dies at 37
  • Jun 19 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota), dies at 33
  • Jun 29 Otto Seeck German classical historian (b. 1850)
  • Jul 11 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist, dies at 75
  • Aug 7 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), dies at 40
  • Aug 8 Juhani Aho, Fins journalist/writer (Panu, Tuomio), dies at 59
  • Aug 10 John M Martin, last confederate congress member, dies
  • Aug 16 Peter I Karadjordjevic, king of Serbia/Yugoslavia, dies [or 8/26]
  • Aug 24 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (b. 1886)
  • Aug 26 Ludwig Thoma, writer, dies
  • Aug 26 Matthias Erzberger, German min of Finance, murdered at 45
  • Aug 26 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1903-21), dies
  • Aug 29 Joel Asaph Allen, US zoologist (rule of Allen), dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. 1840)
  • Sep 2 Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil pioneer (b. 1855)
  • Sep 7 Alfred William Rich, watercolor painter (b. 1856)
  • Sep 11 Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil poet (b. 1882)
  • Sep 13 Italo Svevo, writer, dies at 59
  • Sep 13 Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten], adm (WW I), dies at 67
  • Sep 15 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, Russ baron/general, dies
  • Sep 30 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), dies at 77
  • Oct 18 King Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • Oct 19 Antonio Granjo, premier (Portugal), murdered
  • Oct 23 John B Dunlop, Scottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81
  • Nov 4 Takasji Hara, premier of Japan, murdered
  • Nov 8 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • Nov 12 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter/sculptor, dies at 63
  • Nov 17 Pa Chay Vue, Hmong Nationalist
  • Nov 27 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician]] (b. 1854)
  • Nov 28 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Persian leader of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1844)
  • Dec 12 Henrietta Leavitt, cepheid period-luminosity relation discover, dies
  • Dec 20 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (b. 1850)
  • Dec 21 P B S Pinchback, major Reconstruction politician, dies at 84
  • Dec 25 Korolenko, writer, dies
  • Dec 31 Boies Penrose, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (b. 1860)