January 1923 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • Jan 1 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • Jan 2 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 7 Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • Jan 8 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • Jan 9 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • Jan 10 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • Jan 10 Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • Jan 11 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
  • Jan 11 French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 17 Origin of Brown lunation numbers
  • Jan 18 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 19 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 19 UK Chancellor of the Exchequer Stanley Baldwin and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon agree to reschedule repayment of Britain's $4.5 billion war debt over 62 years

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • Jan 23 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • Jan 24 Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
  • Jan 25 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 28 Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • Jan 29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
  • Jan 1 Milton Jackson, US, vibraphonist (Milt of Bags)
  • Jan 1 Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • Jan 5 Robert L Bernstein, American publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 6 Leah Chase, master chef, in the creole tradition
  • Jan 6 Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • Jan 7 Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • Jan 8 Giorgio Tozzi, basso, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 8 Iva Michiels, [Rik Ceuppens], Flemish writer (Ksiega Alfa)
  • Jan 8 Joseph Wiezenbaum, artificial intelligence pioneer
  • Jan 8 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American author and computer scientist (d. 2008)
  • Jan 10 Ingeborg Drewitz, writer
  • Jan 12 Ira Hayes, American soldier (d. 1955)
  • Jan 15 Lee Teng-hui, president of ROC (Taiwan), head of KMT (1988- )
  • Jan 15 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)
  • Jan 16 Willem Aantjes, Dutch politicial leader (CDA)
  • Jan 16 Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • Jan 19 Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • Jan 21 Judith Merril, [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer
  • Jan 23 Walter M[ichael] Miller Jr, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars)
  • Jan 25 Eva Zeller, German writer, born in Eberswalde, Brandenburg
  • Jan 25 Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as "Sybil") (d. 1998)
  • Jan 29 Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], US, dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31 Norman Mailer, American novelist (Naked & the Dead, The Executioner's Song), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)

Novelist Norman Mailer
Novelist
Norman Mailer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 3 German politician Hermann Goering (30) weds Carin Hulda (34)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Sam Carter, African American resident of Rosewood Florida, lynched by KKK
  • Jan 3 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 9 Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), dies of tuberculosis at 34

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • Jan 11 Constantine I, king of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), dies at 54
  • Jan 14 Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
  • Jan 23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)