1924 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 250

  • Jan 1 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • Jan 6 Poulenc and Nijinska's ballet "Les Biches" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Jan 11 A republic is proclaimed in Greece; King George II is deposed and Eleutherios Venizelo is named Prime Minister of the Greek National Assembly
  • Jan 12 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • Jan 13 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • Jan 14 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • Jan 15 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • Jan 22 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • Jan 22 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms the first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jan 24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • Jan 27 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jan 27 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
  • Jan 29 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland
  • Jan 30 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • Feb 1 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens
  • Feb 1 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union
  • Feb 2 International Ski Federation (FIS) forms
  • Feb 3 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
  • Feb 4 George Kelly's play "Show-Off," premieres in New York City
  • Feb 7 Benito Mussolini's Italian government exchanges diplomats with USSR
  • Feb 8 1st US coast-to-coast radio hookup: General John Joseph Carty speech in Chicago
  • Feb 9 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR
  • Feb 12 George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue" premieres at Aeolian Hall, NYC
  • Feb 12 George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Thomas J. Watson renames the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) as International Business Machines (IBM)

Businessman and Entrepreneur Thomas J. Watson
Businessman and Entrepreneur
Thomas J. Watson
  • Feb 15 A deputation for the South African Indian Congress (SAIC) meets with the Minister of the Interior, Sir Patrick Duncan, and presents him with a memorandum setting out their objections concerning the Class Areas Bill
  • Feb 17 Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)
  • Feb 18 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
  • Feb 18 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Feb 18 US Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby resigns due to Teapot Dome scandal
  • Feb 24 Greek parliament proclaims republic
  • Feb 24 Johnny Weissmuller, swims 100m record (57 2/5 secs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 24 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 27 Belgium's Theunis government falls
  • Feb 28 US begins intervention in Honduras
  • Mar 1 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • Mar 3 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • Mar 3 Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock" premieres in Dublin
  • Mar 4 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
  • Mar 5 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • Mar 5 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • Mar 5 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • Mar 6 British Labour government cuts military budget
  • Mar 8 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate, Utah
  • Mar 9 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
  • Mar 11 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins

  • Mar 11 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.
  • Mar 17 Eugene O'Neill's "Welded" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 17 Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
  • Mar 17 Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
  • Mar 20 Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
  • Mar 21 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • Mar 21 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • Mar 24 Greece becomes a republic
  • Mar 25 Greek parliament selects admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
  • Mar 26 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
  • Mar 27 Canada recognizes USSR
  • Mar 27 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • Mar 28 WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 29 Bayern & Vatican reach accord
  • Mar 31 Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
  • Mar 31 London public transport strike ends
  • Apr 1 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • Apr 1 Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted
  • Apr 1 Imperial Airways forms in Britain
  • Apr 1 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
  • Apr 6 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
  • Apr 6 Italy fascists receives 65% of vote of parliament
  • Apr 6 Völkische Block (Nazis) receives 17.8% of vote in Bavaria
  • Apr 8 South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: the act provided for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions,and prohibited registration of black trade unions
  • Apr 11 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections
  • Apr 11 WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 12 WLS-AM in Chicago begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 13 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • Apr 15 Flemish-Walloon riots in Louvain, Belgium, 1 dead
  • Apr 15 WHO-AM in Des Moines Iowa begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 15 Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • Apr 16 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
  • Apr 16 Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
  • Apr 17 Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM)
  • Apr 18 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)
  • Apr 22 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
  • Apr 23 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley
  • Apr 28 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • May 1 Admiral Paul Koundouriotis becomes president of Greece
  • May 2 Netherlands refuses to recognize USSR
  • May 3 Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska by Sam Beber.
  • May 4 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • May 5 Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
  • May 7 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
  • May 8 Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231" premieres
  • May 8 Memel territories given to Lithuania
  • May 8 Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 J. Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 288

  • Jan 3 Andre Franquin, cartoonist
  • Jan 3 Henry M Fazzie, South African Union/UDF-leader
  • Jan 3 Roy Harding, British teacher
  • Jan 3 Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • Jan 4 Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (d. 1993)
  • Jan 5 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • Jan 7 Roloff Beny, Alberta, painter/photographer (A Time of Gods)
  • Jan 11 Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
  • Jan 12 Jan Willem Radecker, sculptor/son of John Raedecker
  • Jan 13 Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
  • Jan 13 Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
  • Jan 17 Jewel Plummer Cobb, educator/pres (California State U at Fullerton)
  • Jan 19 7th earl of Carnarvon, English large landowner
  • Jan 19 Jean Francois Revel, French journalist/author (Ni Marx ni Jesus)
  • Jan 23 Frank R Lautenberg, (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 8th earl Spencer, English large landowner/father of Diane
  • Jan 24 Robert Kastenmeier, Politician (Rep-D-WI, 1959-91), born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin
  • Jan 26 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)
  • Jan 27 Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
  • Jan 27 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • Jan 27 William van Straubenzee, British MP
  • Jan 29 Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first to fly Concorde, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 John Gregson, British Labour politician and Lord
  • Jan 29 Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
  • Jan 30 Margaret Beda Nicholson, author (No Medals for the Major)
  • Jan 30 Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], Compton, Surrey, author (Patrick Grant novels), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 31 Robert Gatehouse, former High Court judge
  • Feb 1 H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
  • Feb 1 Ben Weider, Quebec businessman and author
  • Feb 5 Robert Lynn, anarchist
  • Feb 6 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Road to Rome)
  • Feb 6 Jin yong, Chinese novelist
  • Feb 7 Cathy Long, (Rep-D-LA, 1985-86)
  • Feb 11 Mary Tregear, Oriental art historian
  • Feb 12 Hans Berghuis, Dutch author/poet (3 Women, Adam)
  • Feb 13 Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French economist/politician
  • Feb 14 Countess Mountbatten, of Burma
  • Feb 16 James Swaffield, director-general (Swaffield & Clerk to the GLC)
  • Feb 16 Peter Webster, British High Court Judge
  • Feb 17 Gevork Vartanian, Iran, Soviet intelligence agent (Operation Long Jump), (d. 2012)
  • Feb 18 Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
  • Feb 18 Louis Laberge, Quebec labour union leader (d. 2002)
  • Feb 19 David Bronstein, Ukrainian chess player (d. 2006)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 21 Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean revolutionary, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (1980-87) and President of Zimbabwe (1988- ), born in Harare, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • Feb 24 William Pillar, British admiral
  • Feb 25 Peg Ridge, peace campaigner
  • Feb 26 Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89)
  • Feb 27 M M Shearer, former Lord Lieutenant of Shetland
  • Feb 28 Robert A Roe, (Rep-D-NJ, 1969- )
  • Feb 29 David Beattie, British governor-general of NZ
  • Feb 29 Otto Hutter, physiologist
  • Mar 1 Donald "Deke" Kent Slayton, Sparta Wisc, Major USAF/astro (Apollo 18)
  • Mar 2 Albert TLCA Vogel, Dutch elocutionist
  • Mar 3 Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter (d. 1995)
  • Mar 6 William H. Webster, American judge, Director of the FBI (1978-87) and Director of the CIA (1987-91), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Mar 7 Eduardo Paolozzi, British sculptor (Hydra)
  • Mar 7 Kobo Abe, playwright (Woman, the Dunes), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Mar 8 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer
  • Mar 15 Yuri Bondarev, Russian writer (Silence), born in Orsk
  • Mar 20 Hermann Guggiari, Paraguay, engineer and sculptor (Rejas, NNUU)(d.2012)
  • Mar 22 Al Neuharth, newspaper founder (USA Today)
  • Mar 22 Paul Fussell, Pasadena, California, historian (The Great War and Modern Memory), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 23 Peter Godfrey, chartered accountant
  • Mar 23 Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (d. 1980)
  • Mar 24 Lorraine Gourley, LA CA
  • Mar 28 Gerhart Fritsch, writer
  • Mar 28 Peter Baer, artost/printmaker
  • Mar 31 Harry Cubitt, 4th Lord Ashcombe ("Mad Harry"), English landowner
  • Mar 31 Leo Buscaglia, "Dr Hug", psycholigist (Love), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 1 Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • Apr 2 Denis Rooke, CEO (British Gas)
  • Apr 3 Canon A D Caesar, Sub Dean (HM Chapels Royal)
  • Apr 4 Christopher Prater, screen printer
  • Apr 5 Mart Kempers, Dutch graphic artist/sculptor
  • Apr 7 Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer
  • Apr 8 Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English soldier and historian (d. 2006)
  • Apr 10 Kenneth Noland, American painter
  • Apr 12 Julius Moormann, student/resistance fighter (WWII)
  • Apr 12 Peter Safar, Austrian physician (pioneered cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2003)
  • Apr 13 Jack Chick, American religious cartoonist (Chick tracts), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • Apr 15 John Grigg, British historian
  • Apr 16 John Harvey-Jones, CEO (ICI)
  • Apr 17 Patrick Sergeant, founder (Euromoney Publications)
  • Apr 17 Althea T L Simmons, human rights activist/chief lobbyist (NAACP)
  • Apr 18 Henry J Hyde, (Rep-R-IL)
  • Apr 18 Roy Mason [Baron Mason of Barnsley], British defense secretary and Labour MP, born in Royston, England (d. 2015)
  • Apr 18 Raf de Linde, [Raphael van Hecke], author (Vaarwel on Gertrude)
  • Apr 20 Paul M Van Buren, US theologist (Theological Explorations)
  • Apr 21 Daniel Melnick, American producer, Get Smart), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 23 Colin Welch, columnist/critic
  • Apr 23 James Colin Ross Welch, journalist
  • Apr 23 Malcolm Anson, CEO (Wessex Water Authority)
  • Apr 24 Sir Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician
  • Apr 28 Kenneth David Kaunda, founder/president (Zambia, 1964-91)
  • May 1 Terry Southern, writer
  • May 2 Jamal Abro, Sindhi writer (d. 2004)
  • May 3 Yehuda Amichai, Israeli poet (d. 2000)
  • May 3 Ken Tyrrell, English founder of eponymous F1 racing team (d. 2001)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 26 Astronomer Edwin Hubble (34) weds Grace Burke in Pasadena, California

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Mar 19 American poet e.e. (Edward Estlin) Cummings marries first wife Elaine Orr. The marriage lasts less than 9 months.

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 4 Physician Frederick Banting (32) weds Marion Robertson

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 21 Inventor Robert H. Goddard (41) weds secretary Esther Christine Kisk (23) at St. John's Episcopal Church in Worcester

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 24 American writer Henry Miller (31) marries 2nd wife June Smerth (21) in Hoboken, New Jersey.

Author Henry Miller
Author
Henry Miller
  • Aug 28 British children's writer Enid Blyton (27) marries editor Major Hugh Alexander Pollock, DSO (36)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 11 Photographer Alfred Stieglitz (60) marries artist Georgia O'Keeffe (37) in Cliffside Park, New Jersey

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Oct 16 American writer ("Gone with the Wind") Margaret Mitchell divorces 1st husband Berrien (Red) Upshaw


Deaths in History

  • Jan 13 Georg H Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
  • Jan 14 Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • Jan 16 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 21 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jan 24 Thephilo Braga, Portuguese poet/politician, dies at 80
  • Jan 24 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
  • Jan 28 Simon Abramsz, Dutch writer (Artist book), dies at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 3 Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Feb 8 Gee John, US mobster (1st executed in gas chamber-Nevada), dies
  • Feb 9 Nils Kj'r, Norwegian playwright (Det Lykkelige Valg), dies at 53

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 17 Henry Bacon, American architect (Lincoln Memorial), dies at 57

Architect Henry Bacon
Architect
Henry Bacon
  • Feb 24 Edmond Picard, Fren/Belgium writer (Ambidextre journalist), dies at 87
  • Mar 1 Louise MA, princess of Belgium, dies at 66
  • Mar 12 Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon), dies
  • Mar 22 R G Nivelle, French general (Verdun), dies at 67
  • Apr 2 Johannes E. B. Warming, Danish Botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions), dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 14 Louis Sullivan, architect (father of skyscrapers), dies at 67

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • Apr 14 Roland Napoleon Bonaparte, Fr officer/explorer (Surinam), dies at 65
  • Apr 24 G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (b. 1844)
  • May 1 August Cuppens, Flemish author (Limburgs Driemanschap), dies at 62
  • May 4 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), dies at 65
  • May 6 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, poet/writer (socialism), dies at 47
  • May 8 Lev N Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law), dies at 23
  • May 10 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (L'ave), dies at 58
  • May 15 Paul d'Estornelles de Constant, French diplomat/pacifist, dies at 71
  • May 21 Bobby Franks, killed by Leopold & Loeb, at 14
  • May 25 Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (b. 1889)
  • May 29 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid/London), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 3 Franz Kafka, Czech writer (Trial, Amerika, Metamorphosis), dies at 40

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jun 8 Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1902)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 8 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), dies in a climbing accident at 37 (b. 1886)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • Jun 10 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian socialist deputy, assassinated by fascists
  • Jun 11 Alexander F de Savornin Lohmann Jr, Dutch minister (CHU), dies at 87
  • Jun 30 Jacob Israel de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pypelyntjes), dies at 42
  • Jul 10 Johannes B van Heutsz, gov-gen of Dutch Indies (1904-09), dies at 73
  • Jul 23 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (b. 1850)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 3 Joseph Conrad, Polish/British writer (Heart of Darkness), dies at 66

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • Aug 9 Jacob P Vis, Dutch founder (NV Royal Salt Industries), dies at 66
  • Aug 17 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • Aug 25 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (b. 1818)
  • Sep 18 Francis Herbert Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism), dies
  • Oct 6 Jacques Oppenheim, lawyer, dies at 75
  • Oct 7 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Christian Philosophy), dies at 71
  • Oct 9 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • Oct 12 Anatole France, writer, dies at 80
  • Oct 13 Anatole France, [Jacques Thibault], writer (Ecrivain Francais), dies
  • Oct 29 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British born American playwright and children's author ("Little Lord Fauntleroy"), dies at 74
  • Nov 4 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)
  • Nov 7 Hans Thoma, German painter, dies at 75
  • Nov 9 Henry Cabot Lodge, American Senator (b. 1850)
  • Nov 19 Lee Stack, British sirdar in Egypt/gov-gen of Sudan, murdered
  • Nov 21 Florence Harding, American First Lady (b. 1860)
  • Nov 22 Herman Heijermans Jr, author (On Hope, Heap of Blessing), dies
  • Dec 2 Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian philologist (b. 1879)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 13 Samuel Gompers, organizer (American Federation of Labor), dies at 74

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • Dec 27 William Archer, Scottish critic/playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68
  • Dec 28 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, dis at 58
  • Dec 29 Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)