March 1931 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 3 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • Mar 4 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 5 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 10 Oswald Mosley leaves British Labour party and founds the "New Party"
  • Mar 11 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • Mar 16 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Neth)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 18 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • Mar 26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Duane Graveline, doctor and astronaut, born in Newport Vermont (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 2 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Mar 2 Tom Wolfe, journalist and author (Right Stuff), born in Richmond, Virginia
  • Mar 3 Henk Knol, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PvdA)
  • Mar 3 Piet [van] Bambergen, Dutch cabaretier (Mounties, Sherlock Jones)
  • Mar 4 Han Jansen, Dutch painter
  • Mar 4 Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • Mar 5 Barry Tuckwell, Australian horn player (London Symph Orch 1955-68), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Mar 5 Fred Othon Aristidès, French comics artist
  • Mar 6 David Haddon Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack)
  • Mar 6 Hal Needham, American stuntman, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 7 Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, director Social Businesses of Press
  • Mar 8 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • Mar 8 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • Mar 9 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 Peter Walters, CEO (Midland Bank)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 11 Rupert Murdoch, Australian media mogul (NY Post, News of the World, FOX-TV), born in Melbourne, Victoria

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch
  • Mar 12 Geoffrey de Bellaigue, director (Royal Collection)
  • Mar 12 Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • Mar 13 Marc Dessauvage, Flemish architect
  • Mar 16 Don Richard Carpenter, novelist
  • Mar 17 David Peakall, British scientist (d. 2001)
  • Mar 18 Howard Coble, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-2015), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • Mar 20 David Montgomery, chairman (British Forestry Commission)
  • Mar 20 John Rae, British educator (Conscience & Politics)
  • Mar 21 Ivan William Hannaford, sociologist
  • Mar 22 Igor Hajek, translator/writer
  • Mar 22 Leslie Thomas, Welsh writer (The Virgin Soldiers), born in Newport (d. 2014)
  • Mar 23 Norman F Lent, (Rep-R-NY, 1971- 93 ), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 23 Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Gorno-Altaysk, Russia, skier (Oly gld 1964), (d. 2013)
  • Mar 27 R P Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • Mar 29 Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire
  • Mar 29 James Weatherhead, moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Mar 29 Lord Tebbit, British CH
  • Mar 29 Sylvia Law, British town planner
  • Mar 30 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut

Deaths in History

  • Mar 5 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities (b. 1839)
  • Mar 7 Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter/illustrator, dies at 65
  • Mar 7 Theo van Doesburg, [Christian Kupper], painter/architect, dies at 47
  • Mar 9 Ida B Wells-Barnett, African American civil rights activist, dies in Chicago at 78
  • Mar 20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist, dies at 63