December 1934 in History

Events in History


MurderAssassination

Dec 1 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, Stalin uses as excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 2 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • Dec 3 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • Dec 3 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 7 Wiley Post discovers jet stream
  • Dec 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich
  • Dec 10 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
  • Dec 10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite
  • Dec 11 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland
  • Dec 13 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC
  • Dec 14 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany NY)
  • Dec 15 Fokker F18 Snip flies to Neth West Indies
  • Dec 19 Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930
  • Dec 22 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934)
  • Dec 22 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
  • Dec 24 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
  • Dec 25 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
  • Dec 25 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 27 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)
  • Dec 27 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran
  • Dec 29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • Dec 29 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 & London Treaty of 1930
  • Dec 31 Helen Richey becomes 1st woman to pilot an airmail transport

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Hilly Axwijk, Suriname social worker
  • Dec 3 Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
  • Dec 5 Joan Didion, US author and journalist (The year of Magical Thinking), born in Sacramento, California
  • Dec 10 Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • Dec 12 Miguel de la Madrid, President of Mexico (1982-1988), born in Colima, Mexico (d. 2012)
  • Dec 14 Petrus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist
  • Dec 18 Boris Valentinovich Volynov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 21)
  • Dec 19 Rudi Carrell, [Rudolf W Kesselman], Dutch showmaster
  • Dec 19 Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American politician
  • Dec 24 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • Dec 25 Bob Martinez, (Gov-Fl)
  • Dec 28 John Akers, business executive
  • Dec 30 Barry Briggs, NZ auto maker (World Champion 1957, 58, 64, 66)
  • Dec 30 John Norris Bahcall, American physicist (d. 2005)
  • Dec 30 Joseph P. Hoar, former US Central Command commander
  • Dec 31 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin's collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad
  • Dec 3 Charles James O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. 1849)
  • Dec 6 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863)
  • Dec 12 Thorleif Haug, Norwegian Nordic skier (b. 1894)
  • Dec 13 Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
  • Dec 15 Maggie L. Walker, African American teacher and businesswoman (1st female Bank President),dies at 69