December 1937 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Japan recognizes Franco government

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
  • Dec 7 Russian chess player Alekhine recaptures world title from Max Euwe
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 13 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel (NYC) opens to traffic
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • Dec 29 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire
  • Dec 29 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Ass.World heavyweight title - youngest ever
  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, 6th President of Latvia
  • Dec 2 Brian Lumley, England, sci-fi author (Compleat Crow, Psychomech)
  • Dec 3 Stephen Rubin, English attorney/shoe manufacturer (Reebok, Adidas)
  • Dec 3 Binod Bihari Verma, Indian linguist
  • Dec 7 Thad Cochran, (Sen-R-Miss)
  • Dec 8 Jan van Houwelingen, Dutch undersecretary of Defense (CDA)
  • Dec 8 Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber and businessman (d. 2004)
  • Dec 11 Adrian J Vlok, South African NP-minister of Law & Order (1986- )
  • Dec 11 Jim Harrison, American poet and novelist (Legends of the Fall), born in Grayling, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • Dec 12 Buford Pusser, American sheriff (d. 1974)
  • Dec 15 John [Thomas] Sladek, American sci-fi author (Tik-Tok, Bugs)
  • Dec 16 Edward Ruscha, American artist (Pop Art), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Dec 17 Kerry Packer, Australian businessman (d. 2005)
  • Dec 17 John Kennedy Toole, American novelist (d. 1969)
  • Dec 17 Calvin Waller, US Army general (d. 1996)
  • Dec 21 Harald V, King of Norway (1991-present)
  • Dec 21 Donald F. Munson, American politician (former Maryland Senator), born in Hagerstown, Maryland
  • Dec 22 Marco J de Castro, Dutch Antillian politician
  • Dec 23 Karol Joseph Bobko, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6, STS 51D, STS 51J), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 26 John Horton Conway, British mathematician
  • Dec 26 Jay Heimowitz, American poker player
  • Dec 28 Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
  • Dec 31 Nicolas Born, German writer, born in Duisburg (d. 1979)
  • Dec 31 Avram Hershko, Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, born in Karcag, Hungary

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 9 Writer Walter Lippmann (48) divorces first wife Faye Albertson after 20 years of marriage

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann

Deaths in History

  • Dec 3 Prosper Poullet, Belgian mayor, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 9 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), dies at 68

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • Dec 17 Gerard Vissering, banker/president of Dutch Bank, dies at 72
  • Dec 20 Erich Ludendorff, German general (WWI), dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 21 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State and Nobel laureate, dies at 80

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • Dec 22 Daito Kokushi, Zen founder of Daitokuji, dies in Kyoto at 55
  • Dec 29 Don Marquis, American author (b. 1878)