1937 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 194 of 194

  • Jul 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5 Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • Jul 7 Japanese & Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 10 Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
  • Jul 12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • Jul 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking & Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 31 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • Aug 2 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
  • Aug 6 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid
  • Aug 6 Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
  • Aug 6 US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26 Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
  • Aug 27 Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29 Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • Sep 1 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 5 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
  • Sep 6 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 8 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • Sep 8 Yankees trailing 6-1 in 9th, score 8 to beat Boston 9-6
  • Sep 15 WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to SF Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)
  • Sep 18 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar
  • Sep 22 Forest fire kills 14 & injures 50 in Cody Wyoming
  • Sep 22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • Sep 25 Battle of of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • Sep 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
  • Sep 27 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • Sep 28 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Oct 1 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Oct 2 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
  • Oct 5 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • Oct 7 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 13 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • Oct 15 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
  • Oct 21 Franco-troops occupies Gijon
  • Oct 25 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
  • Oct 25 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees
  • Oct 31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona


Nov 1 Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 2 AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 8 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
  • Nov 9 Japanese army conquers Shanghai
  • Nov 9 St Louis Cards Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Nov 11 Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph
  • Nov 11 Nobel prize for physics awarded to C J Davisson & GP Thomson
  • Nov 15 First US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
  • Nov 17 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
  • Nov 23 Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 23 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 25 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
  • Nov 29 Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Japan recognizes Franco government

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
  • Dec 7 Russian chess player Alekhine recaptures world title from Max Euwe
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 14 Japanese troops conquer/plunder Nanjing
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel (NYC) opens to traffic
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes PM of Romania/begins spread of Judaism
  • Dec 29 2nd Irish constitution comes into effect; Irish Free State renamed Erie
  • Dec 29 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Ass.World heavyweight title - youngest ever
  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 263

  • Apr 29 Jill Paton Walsh, English writer
  • May 2 Gisela Elsner, German writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1992)
  • May 3 Nélida Piñon, Brazilian writer
  • May 5 Rob Van Gennep, publisher
  • May 8 Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Labia Majora)
  • May 8 Dennis DeConcini, (Sen-D-AZ, 1977- )
  • May 8 Michael Simmons, Air Marshal (British Ministry of Defense)
  • May 8 Thomas Pynchon, novelist (V, Gravity's Rainbow), born in Glen Cove, New York
  • May 8 Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian politician
  • May 9 José Rafael Moneo, Spanish architect
  • May 10 Arthur Kopit, US playwright ('Wings', 'Nine'), born in New York City
  • May 12 Gerry E Studds, (Rep-D-MA, 1973- )
  • May 13 John Cope, MP/Paymaster General
  • May 13 Roger [Joseph] Zelazny, sci-fi author (6 Hugos, Chronicles of Amber)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 13 Roch Carrier, Canadian novelist (The Hockey Sweater), born in Sainte-Justine, Quebec

Novelist and Author of
Novelist and Author of "contes"
Roch Carrier
  • May 13 Trevor Baylis, English inventor of the wind-up radio
  • May 15 Madeleine Albright, Prague Czechoslovakia, American politician and diplomat and 1st female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001)
  • May 16 James Hunt Jr, (Gov-NC)
  • May 17 Hazel R. O'Leary, United States Secretary of Energy
  • May 18 Jacques Santer, Pres (European Commission)
  • May 19 Sanne Sannes, Dutch photographer
  • May 20 Benjamin Guinness, 3rd Earl of Iveagh, British brewer (Guinness) and large landowner (d. 1992)
  • May 29 Charles W. Pickering, American judge
  • May 30 Arthur C. Jacobs, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow (d. 1994)
  • May 31 Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev, Russia, cosmonaut
  • Jun 1 Colleen McCullough, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Jun 3 Solomon P Ortiz, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • Jun 4 Mortimer B Zuckerman, CEO (US News & World Report, NY Daily News)
  • Jun 4 Robert Fulghum, American author
  • Jun 8 Bruce McCandless II, Cap USN/astronaut (STS 41B, STS-31), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jun 8 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler, born in Wakefield, West Yorkshire (d. 2009)
  • Jun 9 Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • Jun 10 Richard Foreman, theatrical director (Daily Life), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 11 Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
  • Jun 12 Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician
  • Jun 12 Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist
  • Jun 13 Eleanor Holmes Norton, lawyer/(Rep-D-DC), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 16 August Busch III, CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards)
  • Jun 16 Erich Segal, author (Love Story, Oliver's Story), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 16 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria
  • Jun 18 Gail Godwin, US, author (Perfectionists, Odd Woman)
  • Jun 18 John D [Jay] Rockefeller IV, (Sen-D-WV, 1985- )
  • Jun 18 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • Jun 21 Anna Davies, prof of Comparative Philology (Oxford U)
  • Jun 23 Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • Jun 25 Mirabel Morgan, author (Total Woman)
  • Jun 26 Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Jun 27 Joseph P Allen IV, Crawfordsville Ind, PhD/astronaut (STS-5, STS 51A)
  • Jul 1 Ebrahim I Ebrahim, South African ANCer/Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 3 Tom Stoppard, Czech playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
  • Jul 4 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher
  • Jul 5 Brooke Hayward, author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 5 Frouwke J Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 5 Nita M Lowey, (Rep-D-New York)
  • Jul 7 Carroll Hubbard Jr, (Rep-D-KY, 1975- )
  • Jul 9 David Hockney, Bradford England, artist (Pop Art)
  • Jul 11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer
  • Jul 12 Mickey Edwards, (Rep-R-OK, 1977- )
  • Jul 12 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
  • Jul 14 Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • Jul 16 Richard Bryan, (Sen-D Nevada)
  • Jul 17 Jose Ignacio Cabrujas, writer
  • Jul 18 Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • Jul 18 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas) (d. 2005)
  • Jul 19 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • Jul 23 Dave Webster, Led his football team to a National Championship in 1958
  • Jul 23 Bruce Surtees, cinematographer (Dirty Harry, Lenny), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • Jul 24 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • Jul 24 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • Jul 25 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist
  • Jul 27 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances)
  • Jul 27 Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator
  • Jul 29 Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • Aug 1 Alfonse M D'Amato, (Sen-R-NY 1981- ), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 2 Ronald Brierley, company chairman
  • Aug 3 Diane Wakoski, Whittier, California, American poet (Motorcycle Betrayal)
  • Aug 4 Jacobus H "Koos" van de Merwe, South African attorney/CP parliament leader
  • Aug 10 Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • Aug 11 Taki Theodoracopoulos, Greek/British journalist/multi-millionaire
  • Aug 12 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, (d. 2014)
  • Aug 15 Ronnie G Flippo, (Rep-D-NY, 1977- )
  • Aug 16 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, US, sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • Aug 16 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • Aug 17 Yevgeni Aleksandrovich Illyin, Russia, cosmonaut
  • Aug 20 Corrie E Moret-de Jong, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Aug 21 Robert Stone, American novelist (Dog Soldiers, WUSA), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • Aug 22 Max Hebditch, director (Museum of London)
  • Aug 24 Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician (d. 1998)
  • Aug 27 Mark Potter, British court judge
  • Aug 28 12th duke of Argyll, Scottish Campbell-captain/large landowner
  • Aug 29 James J Florio, (Rep-D-NJ, 1975-90/Gov-D-NJ, 1990-94)
  • Sep 6 Irina Bayanovna Solovyova, Russian cosmonaut
  • Sep 6 Jo Anne Worley, Lowell Indiana, comedienne (Laugh-in)
  • Sep 6 John Bernard, Dutch TV weatherman
  • Sep 6 Sergio Aragonés, Spanish-born illustrator
  • Sep 7 George Patrick Reid, schoolkeeper
  • Sep 9 Mikhail N Tai, Latvia, World chess champion (1960-61)
  • Sep 10 Jared Diamond, American biologist and author
  • Sep 11 Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Italian princess/queen of Belgium (1993- )
  • Sep 11 Robert L Crippen, Beaumont Tx, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G)

Weddings in History

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Divorces in History

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Deaths in History

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