1939 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 317

  • May 9 Catholic church beatified the 1st Native American, Kateri Tekakwitha
  • May 13 SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives
  • May 14 Lina Medina becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
  • May 16 1st AL night game, Philadelphia Shribe Park (Indians 8, Athletics 3 in 10)
  • May 16 Food stamps are 1st issued
  • May 19 Churchill signs British-Russian anti-Nazi pact
  • May 20 "3 Little Fishies" by Kay Kyser swam to #1
  • May 20 1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France)

AgreementTreaty of Interest

May 22 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
  • May 23 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • Jun 1 British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
  • Jun 1 Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • Jun 6 NY supreme court justice J F Crater legally declared dead
  • Jun 7 George VI & Elizabeth become the 1st king & queen of Britain to visit USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 King & Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 17 Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.
  • Jun 20 Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants
  • Jun 22 Princes (future Queen) Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)
  • Jun 23 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • Jun 23 US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard
  • Jun 24 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight
  • Jun 27 1st night game at Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians 5, Tigers 0)
  • Jun 28 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper)
  • Jun 28 Yanks hit 13 HRs, sweep A's 23-2 & 10-0
  • Jun 29 4th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • Jun 29 Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe
  • Jun 30 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • Jul 3 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Hitler
  • Jul 6 German Nazis close last Jewish enterprises
  • Jul 15 Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • Jul 19 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
  • Jul 22 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge (NY)
  • Jul 25 5th & last Dutch government of Colijn, forms
  • Jul 28 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • Aug 2 Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers
  • Aug 3 Jean Genet's "Ondine" premieres in Paris
  • Aug 10 2nd Dutch De Geer government forms (1st with Social Democrats)
  • Aug 11 Sergei Rachmaninov's last appearance in Europe
  • Aug 13 Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's
  • Aug 13 Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco'
  • Aug 15 13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors.
  • Aug 19 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record)
  • Aug 20 1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc)
  • Aug 20 Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia
  • Aug 22 Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion
  • Aug 22 Premier De Geer recalls Dutch holidaymakers in Black Forest
  • Aug 23 John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Aug 23 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 24 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • Aug 26 Belgium mobilizes
  • Aug 26 Croatia gets autonomous status
  • Aug 27 Erich Warsitz in a Heinkel He-178 makes the 1st manned jet-propelled flight
  • Aug 27 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor
  • Aug 27 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 28 Gen Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") becomes commander of 3rd "Iron" Infantry division

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Aug 28 Netherland mobilizes
  • Aug 29 Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II
  • Aug 30 General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army
  • Aug 30 Isoroku Yamamoto appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet
  • Aug 30 Poland mobilizes
  • Aug 31 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • Aug 31 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • Sep 1 Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill
  • Sep 1 Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes"
  • Sep 1 Switzerland proclaims neutrality
  • Sep 1 World War II starts as Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Gen George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Sep 1 The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date.
  • Sep 1 Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
  • Sep 3 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • Sep 3 WWII: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • Sep 4 Dutch 2nd Chamber affirms Neth's in a State of War
  • Sep 4 German troops move into Danzig
  • Sep 4 Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality
  • Sep 4 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • Sep 4 RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen
  • Sep 5 FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe
  • Sep 5 New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands,we stand'
  • Sep 6 1st German air attack on Great Britain in WW II
  • Sep 6 South Africa declares war on Nazi-Germany
  • Sep 6 World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek.
  • Sep 7 Radio NY Worldwide-WRUL begins radio transmission
  • Sep 8 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe
  • Sep 8 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • Sep 9 Nazi army reaches Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Sep 11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • Sep 11 British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
  • Sep 11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
  • Sep 14 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 17 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • Sep 17 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • Sep 17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner
  • Sep 17 Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6
  • Sep 18 Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 281

  • May 4 Amos Oz, Jerusalem, Israel, author (My Michael)
  • May 5 James R Jones, (Rep-D-OK, 1973- )
  • May 6 Anthony Blacker, master-general of Ordnance
  • May 6 Zhanna Dmitriyevna Yerkina, Russian cosmonaut
  • May 7 Rudolphus FM "Ruud" Lubbers, director Dutch/CDA-premier (1982-94)
  • May 7 Volker Braun, German writer (Provocation for me), born in Dresden
  • May 7 Sidney Altman, Canadian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate
  • May 9 Kenneth Warby, fastest man on water at 300 knots (345 mph)
  • May 12 Ronald Ziegler, press secretary (Nixon)
  • May 12 Miltiadis Evert, Greek politician
  • May 13 William W Cobey Jr, (Rep-R-NC, 1985-87)
  • May 14 M N Fathulin, cosmonaut
  • May 15 Brian Hartley, mathematician
  • May 17 Wim de Bie, CEO (Simplistic Covenant)
  • May 17 Gary Paulsen, American author
  • May 18 Patrick Cormack, British politician (C), born in Grimsby, Lincolnshire
  • May 18 Giovanni Falcone, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • May 18 Gordon O'Connor, Canadian politician
  • May 19 Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut (STS 41C, 51L-Chal disaster)
  • May 20 Gro Harlem Brundtland, Norway, PM/feminist/conservatist
  • May 24 Gert J Schutte, Dutch MP (GPV)
  • May 26 Gerald Ronson, English multi-millionaire
  • May 26 Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
  • May 27 Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
  • May 27 Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • May 29 Martin Garrod, Commandant General Royal Marines
  • May 31 Terry Waite, English Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage, born in Bollington, Cheshire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5 Joe Clark [Charles Joseph], 16th Prime Minister of Canada (1979-80), born in High River, Alberta

16th Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark
16th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe Clark
  • Jun 5 Margaret Drabble, British author (Needle's Eye)
  • Jun 6 Marian Wright-Edelman, health care president (Childrens Defense Fund)
  • Jun 6 Nganani Enos J Mabuza, South African leader (Inyandza National Movement)
  • Jun 9 Derek Hunt, CEO (MFI Furniture Group)
  • Jun 9 Charles Webb, American writer (The Graduate), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 11 Barry George Barrington Porter, politician
  • Jun 11 Barry Porter, MP (Conservative)
  • Jun 11 Christina Crawford, author, Joan's daughter (Mommie Dearest)
  • Jun 12 Francis X McCloskey, (Rep-D-Indiana, 1983- )
  • Jun 12 GAI Schuijt, Dutch jurist (information law)
  • Jun 14 Steny H Hoyer, (Rep-D-MD, 1981- )
  • Jun 14 John F. MacArthur, American evangelist
  • Jun 15 Ward Connerly, American political figure
  • Jun 15 Brian Jacques, British author
  • Jun 17 Donald Anderson, MP (Labour)
  • Jun 17 Hanna Johansen, writer
  • Jun 19 Peter Duffell, Brits lt-general/minister of Defense
  • Jun 21 Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • Jun 24 Henry Lawrence Garett III, Sect of Navy (1989-92), born in Miami, Florida
  • Jun 26 Ansar Ilgamovich Sharafutdinov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jun 26 Charles "Chuck" Robb, (Sen-D-Va)/husband of Lynda Bird Johnson
  • Jun 26 Smangaliso P Mkhatshwa, South Africa, sec-gen (Bishops' Conference 1983-88)
  • Jul 1 Charles Hatcher, (Rep-D-GA, 1981- )
  • Jul 2 John H Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91)
  • Jul 2 M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, US, sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
  • Jul 2 Michael N Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware)
  • Jul 2 Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • Jul 2 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • Jul 3 Jay Tarses, Balt Md, actor/writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory)
  • Jul 10 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
  • Jul 11 Seth Gaaikema, Dutch night club performer
  • Jul 14 George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • Jul 15 Ronald Hadfield, chief constable (West Midlands England)
  • Jul 16 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer
  • Jul 16 Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
  • Jul 17 Warwick Hutton, artist
  • Jul 17 Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran
  • Jul 18 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
  • Jul 20 Judy Chicago [Judith Cohen], American artist (Dinner Party), born in Chicago Illinois
  • Jul 21 John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
  • Jul 24 Barry [Norman] Malzberg, sci-fi author (Revelations, Beyond Apollo)
  • Jul 26 J W Howard, Prime Minister of Australia
  • Jul 26 Wopko Jensma, Middelburg, Eastern Province, South African poet and graphic designer
  • Jul 27 James McGee, pathologist/professor (Morbid Anatomy at Oxford)
  • Jul 30 Eleanor Smeal, leader (National Organization for Women)
  • Aug 1 Stephen Sykes, Bishop of Ely
  • Aug 2 Benjamin Barber, American political theorist
  • Aug 5 Irene, Princess of Netherlands
  • Aug 8 Alexander Watson, American ambassador and diplomat
  • Aug 9 Tony Budge, English contractor/tank maker/multi-millionaire
  • Aug 10 Charles Rose, (Rep-D-North Carolina, 1973- )
  • Aug 11 Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly performer (d. 2003)
  • Aug 12 Roy Romanow, Canadian politician
  • Aug 12 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), born in Biratnagar, Morang (d. 2016)
  • Aug 13 Saul Steinberg, artist (The Art of Living)
  • Aug 15 H Onno C R Ruding, director (Amrobank)/Dutch Financial minister (CDA)
  • Aug 16 Valeri V Ryumin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32)
  • Aug 16 Wim Meijer, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Aug 16 Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • Aug 18 Robert Horton, British businessman
  • Aug 21 Festus Mogae, president of Botswana
  • Aug 23 Charles Wardle, MP/under sect of state British home office
  • Aug 23 Ronald [Ronny] A Casseres, minister of Dutch Antilles
  • Aug 25 John Badham, Luton England, director (Dracula, Short Circuit)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 26 Jorge Paulo Lemann, Swiss-Brazilian investor, born in Rio de Janeiro

Investor and Beer Mogul Jorge Paulo Lemann
Investor and Beer Mogul
Jorge Paulo Lemann
  • Sep 6 Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Sep 6 Dan Cragg, American soldier and author
  • Sep 7 Stanley David Griggs, Portland Oregon, astronaut (STS 51-D), STS 33)
  • Sep 9 Howard P McKeon, (Rep-R-California)
  • Sep 10 Topham Brinton, English carpet magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Sep 11 Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
  • Sep 12 Henry A Waxman, (Rep-D-California, 1975-86)

Weddings in History

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Deaths in History

  • Please go to a prior page.