April 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, American sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)
  • Apr 2 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major
  • Apr 2 Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef
  • Apr 4 Kitty Kelley, author (Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra)
  • Apr 6 Barry Levinson, director (Rainman), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Apr 8 Eduard Visser, Dutch writer (Fyffes are now called Chiquita)
  • Apr 9 Earl F Hillard, (Rep-D-Alabama)
  • Apr 10 Nick Auf der Maur, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1998)
  • Apr 11 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5)
  • Apr 12 Jacob Zuma, South African politician, President of South Africa (2009-), born in Nkandla
  • Apr 12 Bill Bryden, theatre director
  • Apr 13 Ataol Behramoglu Turkish poet and writer.
  • Apr 14 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • Apr 14 Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • Apr 15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • Apr 15 Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • Apr 17 Mario Brenta, writer/director (Maicol, Barnabo of the Mountains)
  • Apr 18 Dick K J Tommel, chemist/(D66) Dutch Asst Sec of State (1994- )
  • Apr 19 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • Apr 19 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur
  • Apr 24 Richard M Daley, (mayor-D-Chicago)
  • Apr 24 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Apr 25 Jon Kyl, Oakland, Nebraska, US Senator (Rep-R-Arizona)
  • Apr 26 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Apr 26 Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
  • Apr 27 Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)
  • Apr 27 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18)
  • Apr 28 Ghislaine Hermanez, architect

Deaths in History

  • Apr 8 Alfred Mombert, writer, dies
  • Apr 12 Johannes E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 80
  • Apr 13 Henk Sneevliet, leader of Dutch RSAP/Spartacus, executed at 58
  • Apr 15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration and member of FDR's Brain Trust, dies of pneumonia at 60

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • Apr 17 Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • Apr 18 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (b. 1875)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 24 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), dies at 67

  • Apr 24 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist (Tunguska meteor site) dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • Apr 25 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
  • Apr 30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)