April 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, US, sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)
  • Apr 2 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major
  • Apr 2 Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef
  • Apr 4 Kitty Kelley, author (Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra)
  • Apr 6 Barry Levinson, director (Rainman), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Apr 8 Eduard Visser, Dutch writer (Fyffes are now called Chiquita)
  • Apr 9 Earl F Hillard, (Rep-D-Alabama)
  • Apr 10 Nick Auf der Maur, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1998)
  • Apr 11 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5)
  • Apr 12 Bill Bryden, theatre director
  • Apr 13 Ataol Behramoglu Turkish poet and writer.
  • Apr 14 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • Apr 14 Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • Apr 15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • Apr 15 Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • Apr 17 Mario Brenta, writer/director (Maicol, Barnabo of the Mountains)
  • Apr 18 Dick K J Tommel, chemist/(D66) Dutch Asst Sec of State (1994- )
  • Apr 19 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • Apr 19 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur
  • Apr 24 Richard M Daley, (mayor-D-Chicago)
  • Apr 24 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Apr 25 Jon Kyl, Oakland, Nebraska, US Senator (Rep-R-Arizona)
  • Apr 26 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • Apr 26 Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
  • Apr 27 Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)
  • Apr 27 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18)
  • Apr 28 Ghislaine Hermanez, architect

Deaths in History

  • Apr 8 Alfred Mombert, writer, dies
  • Apr 12 Johannes E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 80
  • Apr 13 Henk Sneevliet, leader of Dutch RSAP/Spartacus, executed at 58
  • Apr 15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61
  • Apr 17 Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • Apr 18 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (b. 1875)
  • Apr 23 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 24 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), dies at 67

  • Apr 24 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist (Tunguska meteor site) dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • Apr 25 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
  • Apr 30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)