August 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Col-Gen Hoth' Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Col-gen Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad/welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washngton, DC
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko
  • Aug 9 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Aug 11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • Aug 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • Aug 11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle torpedoed & sinks
  • Aug 11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • Aug 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin
  • Aug 12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
  • Aug 12 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • Aug 16 British Premier Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
  • Aug 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • Aug 17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • Aug 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • Aug 19 -20] Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
  • Aug 19 WWII: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France
  • Aug 19 WWII: General Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad
  • Aug 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in SF
  • Aug 21 Alpine hunters plant German flag on Elbroezgebergte, Kaukasus
  • Aug 21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 21 World War II: a Nazi flag is installed atop the Mount Elbrus.
  • Aug 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 23 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • Aug 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
  • Aug 23 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
  • Aug 23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • Aug 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Aug 24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • Aug 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • Aug 26 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New-Guinea
  • Aug 26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • Aug 26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • Aug 28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • Aug 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • Aug 31 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 2 Isabel Allende, Chilean author
  • Aug 4 David Russell Lange, PM (L) NZ (1984-89)
  • Aug 6 George Jung [Boston George], American convicted drug felon whose story was portrayed in the biopic "Blow", born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Aug 7 Garrison Keillor, Minn, PBS radio personality (Prairie Home Companion)
  • Aug 10 Betsy Johnson, fashion designer (1971 Winnie Award)
  • Aug 13 Robert Lee Stewart, Brig Gen US Army/astronaut (STS 41B, 51J), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 15 Larry Hartsell, American martial arts instructor (d. 2007)
  • Aug 16 John Meulendijks, Dutch cryptogram maker (People's Daily)
  • Aug 19 Michiel Patijn, Dutch asst sect of state of Foreign affairs (1994- )
  • Aug 22 U─čur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (d. 1993)
  • Aug 23 Patricia McBride, Teaneck, NJ, ballerina (NYC Ballet Co)
  • Aug 24 Karen Keskulla Uhlenbeck, mathemetician/educator
  • Aug 24 Max Cleland, American politician
  • Aug 24 Howard Jacobson, British novelist and newspaper columnist
  • Aug 25 Nathen Deal, (Rep-D-Georgia)
  • Aug 26 John E Blaha, USAF/astronaut (STS 29, 33, 43, 58, 79/81), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Aug 27 Brian Peckford, Canadian politician
  • Aug 29 James Glennon, American cinematographer (d. 2006)
  • Aug 29 John Heuser, Electron microscopist
  • Aug 30 Jonathan Aitken, English MP
  • Aug 31 Eugenio Trias, Barcelona, Spain, philosopher, (d. 2013)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 8 Journalist Ben Bradlee (20) weds Jean Saltonstall

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Journalist
Ben Bradlee

Deaths in History

  • Aug 2 Friedrich Aereboe, Dutch landlord, dies at 77
  • Aug 7 Richard Gott, British gen/commandant of 8th Army, dies in battle at 43
  • Aug 9 Edith Stein, German philosopher, dies
  • Aug 21 Kiyoano Ichiki, Japanese colonel (WW II), dies
  • Aug 25 George EAE, English prince/earl of St Andrews, dies in battle at 39
  • Aug 25 W van Daalen, opposition leader on Celebes, beheaded
  • Aug 25 George Edward Alexander Windsor, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)
  • Aug 31 Von Bismarck, German major general, (Africa Corps), dies in battle