December 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 Gasoline rationed in US
  • Dec 1 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicagi Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Dec 4 First US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Dec 4 US bombers struck Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • Dec 4 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization.
  • Dec 5 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
  • Dec 5 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
  • Dec 6 Queen Wilhelmina announces Dutch Commonwealth
  • Dec 6 RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 Hitler names Anton Mussert "leader of the Dutch people"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Dec 10 North Africa: 5th German panzer army forms under col-gen von Arnim
  • Dec 11 Australian/Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia
  • Dec 12 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
  • Dec 12 A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
  • Dec 13 Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
  • Dec 15 Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs
  • Dec 16 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • Dec 17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
  • Dec 19 Robert Stroud "Birdman of Alcatraz" is transferred to Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary
  • Dec 20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
  • Dec 21 US Supreme court declares Nevada separation legal
  • Dec 22 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
  • Dec 23 Allies air attack on Den Helder
  • Dec 24 First powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
  • Dec 24 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
  • Dec 25 Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
  • Dec 25 British Col S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
  • Dec 25 Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • Dec 27 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
  • Dec 27 The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia is founded.
  • Dec 28 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
  • Dec 28 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
  • Dec 31 60 U boats sunk this month (330,000 ton)
  • Dec 31 Battle of the Barents Sea between British Navy and German Kriegsmarine off North Cape, Norway

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 John Crowley, US, sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)
  • Dec 1 Peter Kalikow, Queens real estate developer/publisher (NY Post), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 3 Alice Schwarzer, German journalist
  • Dec 6 Peter Handke, Austrian writer
  • Dec 8 Mario Savio, American political activist, born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • Dec 9 Joe McGinniss, Rye NY, author (Selling of President 1968)
  • Dec 13 Anna Eshoo, American politician
  • Dec 14 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • Dec 16 Donald Carcieri, American politician, governor of Rhode Island

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 17 Muhammadu Buhari, Nigerian military leader and politician (President of Nigeria 2015-), born in Daura, Katsina State

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • Dec 18 William HAF, English prince/grandson of George V
  • Dec 19 Jean-Patric Manchette, thriller writer
  • Dec 21 Hu Jintao, Chinese president
  • Dec 25 Mani Kaul, director (Idiot, Nazar, Dhrupad, Duvidha)
  • Dec 26 Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo, Guatemalan president
  • Dec 26 Gray Davis, former Governor of California
  • Dec 28 Paul Horowitz, physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 30 Vladimir Bukovsky, Russian author and dissident
  • Dec 30 Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 8 Albert Kahn, architect of Detroit, dies at 73

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Dec 11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • Dec 13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • Dec 14 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • Dec 21 Leendert Round, sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63
  • Dec 22 Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • Dec 24 Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral, murdered by gaullists
  • Dec 24 K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
  • Dec 26 Bosinier de la Chapelle, Fren murderer of adm Darlan, executed at 24
  • Dec 29 Frank D Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83