June 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business
  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 Elwood Ordnance Plant near Joliet Illinois kills 54
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Jun 7 Germany Armys march into Sebastopol
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops lands on Attu, Aleutian Islands
  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Neth press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”.

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 11 German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa
  • Jun 11 US & USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 13 FDR creates Office of War with Elmer Davis as head

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 13 Germany puts 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information.
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced Bridgeport Ct
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • Jun 21 President Roosevelt/premier Churchill arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 21 Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 25 British RAF staged a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen Germany (WW II)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Maj Gen Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 26 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 28 Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY)
  • Jun 30 Col-gen Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes & Timor
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 5 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- )
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jun 8 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • Jun 9 Nicholas Lloyd, editor (Daily Express)
  • Jun 10 Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • Jun 12 Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
  • Jun 15 Tony Coelho, (Rep-D-CA, 1979- )
  • Jun 15 Xaveria Hollander, [DeVries], Surabaya Indonesia, auth (Happy Hooker)
  • Jun 16 Giacomo Agostini, Lovere, Italy, world motorcycle race champion
  • Jun 17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian IAEA director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Jun 18 Thabo M Mbeki, South African economist/1st vice-president (1994- )
  • Jun 18 Thabo Mbeki, Idutywa, Transkei, South Africa, former President of South Africa
  • Jun 19 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • Jun 19 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )
  • Jun 21 Marg Margolies-Mezvinsky, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • Jun 21 William Bradford Reynolds, Conn, US asst attorney general
  • Jun 21 Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • Jun 21 Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • Jun 22 Margreet M H Kamp, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Jun 22 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • Jun 24 Gerhart Roth, Austrian writer, born in Graz
  • Jun 25 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 25 Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
  • Jun 28 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, sec-gen (South African Communist Party)
  • Jun 28 Jim Kolbe, (Rep-R-AZ, 1985- )
  • Jun 28 Martin Thembisile Hani, Cofimvaba, Transkei, Chief of Staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, military arm of the ANC
  • Jun 29 Bas J van der Vlies, Dutch MP (SGP)
  • Jun 30 Robert Ballard, explorer/geologist/author/discoverer (Titanic in 1985)

Weddings in History

  • Jun 21 Jacqueline Kennedy's mother Janet Bouvier marries Standard Oil heir Hugh Auchincloss

Deaths in History

  • Jun 1 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50
  • Jun 4 Reinhard Heydrich, German protector (Bohemia/Moravia (Lidice)), dies
  • Jun 7 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
  • Jun 10 Jean François van Royen, Sect-Gen of Concentration Camp Amersfoort, dies at 63
  • Jun 10 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), dies at 48
  • Jun 15 Vera Figner, writer, dies
  • Jun 17 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 88
  • Jun 18 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • Jun 18 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • Jun 25 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • Jun 30 Arnoldus J H Aerts, Dutch bishop of New-Guinea, executed at 62